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ASSESSMENT AND PLANNING

ENABLING ENVIRONMENT. EXTENDING LANGUAGE. INTERACTIONS. PLAY. Teachers TV- How Do They Do It In Sweden? 6 Types of Play: How Children's Play Becomes More Social. Play is a serious business.

6 Types of Play: How Children's Play Becomes More Social

The pioneering developmental psychologist Lev Vygotsky thought that, in the preschool years, play is the leading source of development. Through play children learn and practice many basic social skills. They develop a sense of self, learn to interact with other children, how to make friends, how to lie and how to role-play. The classic study of how play develops in children was carried out by Mildred Parten in the late 1920s at the Institute of Child Development in Minnesota. She closely observed children between the ages of 2 and 5 years and categorised the types of play. Parten collected data by systematically sampling the children’s behaviour. The thing to notice is that the first four types of play don’t involve much interaction with others, while the last two do. Unoccupied play: the child is relatively stationary and appears to be performing random movements with no apparent purpose. Getting the right balance between adult-led and child-initiated learning.

As an early years practitioner you will know the importance of creating the right balance between adult-led and child-initiated learning.

Getting the right balance between adult-led and child-initiated learning

Facebook clinic week 1 /2. Further reading. How do you speak 'Motherese'? The Woman Who Changed Her Brain: Barbara Arrowsmith-Young at TEDxToronto. Deb Roy: The birth of a word. Listen to Your Mother. Young children face a remarkable challenge in learning to use the language of their culture.

Listen to Your Mother

Toddlers vary widely, however, in the rate at which they learn new words.1 A team of Harvard Graduate School of Education researchers set out to ask whether and how children's language environment can impact vocabulary development. In their study of mother-child pairs from low-income families, they found that mothers who used many different words (not just many words) had toddlers with faster growth in vocabulary use. During the toddler and preschool years, most children learn to use hundreds of words, combining them into sentences and engaging in conversation with others. From previous research, we know that variation in vocabulary growth relates to child characteristics like gender, and also to parental factors. What did they find? 1Huttenlocher, J., Haight, W., Bryk, A., Seltzer, M., & Lyons, T. (1991). 2Bauer, D.J., Goldfield, B.A., & Reznick, J.S. (2002). 3Hoff-Ginsberg, E. (1998).

Let's Talk. What do babies need in order to learn and thrive?

Let's Talk

One thing they need is conversation — responsive, back-and-forth communication with their parents and caregivers. This interactive engagement is like food for their developing brains, nurturing language acquisition, early literacy, school readiness, and social and emotional well-being. A dispiriting number of children don’t get that kind of brain-fueling communication, research suggests. In early childhood policy (and in the wider media), much attention has been paid to the so-called word gap — findings that show that low-income children hear 30 million fewer words, on average, and have less than half the vocabulary of upper-income peers by age three. But putting that alarming number in the spotlight obscures a more critical component of the research, says Harvard Graduate School of Education literacy expert Meredith Rowe: it’s not so much the quantity of words but the quality of the talk that matters most to a child’s development.

Why does my toddler love repetition? - BabyCentre. Paediatric speech and language therapist.

Why does my toddler love repetition? - BabyCentre

It may test your patience when your toddler demands 'Row, row, row your boat' for the 10th time. But there's a good reason for her insistence. Toddlers love repetition because it helps them to learn, and because it's familiar and comforting. From around the age of two, you will notice your toddler repeating the same words and phrases constantly. By the time she's three, she will also demand her favourite stories and nursery rhymes over and over again. Through repeating things, your toddler is able to take in new information each time. How can I help my child to start talking? (Video) - BabyCentre.

Health visitor Sara Patience describes how you can help develop your child's language skills by talking and playing with her.

How can I help my child to start talking? (Video) - BabyCentre

Show transcript Hide transcript How can I help my child to start talking? Sara: “You want this one? Six Polish books that should be translated into English. Polish translator Antonia Lloyd-Jones recommends six books by contemporary Polish authors, which have not yet been translated and published in English.

Six Polish books that should be translated into English

This selection of books illustrates the range of genres and themes in contemporary Polish literature – there’s great diversity, offering something for every reader in just this short list. I chose these books because they represent a development beyond the tendency to use fiction to write about the country’s own tragic history, and also beyond the cryptic, impressionistic style that dominated in the past. Only one of these authors has ever been published at book-length in English before. These six writers show that Polish literature travels widely in time and space, covering every facet of human experience. All but one of the books are by living authors who have only come onto the literary scene in recent years and have promising careers ahead of them. 1. Solfatara is a dormant volcano just outside Naples. 2.