Home - Lebenskleidung - Faire Bio-Stoffe. Fab/Lab 2013. À la fin du mois de mars, seize étudiants du CRDITM et de l’ESAAMA Olivier de Serres se sont donnés rendez-vous à Montréal pour participer à un atelier de design textile sur le thème « Dentelles & Fourrures ». Au programme, quatre jours d’expérimentations et d’échanges autour de ces deux matériaux si différents et complexes à apprivoiser. Animé par Daniel Henry, ennoblisseur textile, et Nathalie Allard, enseignante en design textile, les étudiants ont rivalisé de créativité par des propositions toutes plus riches et variées les unes que les autres. Cet atelier exceptionnel n’aurait pas pu être possible sans le concours du Centre de Design et Impression Textile de Montréal, de l’ENSAAMA Olivier de Serres, de l’OFQJ, de la Fédération Française des Dentelles et Broderies, de la Région Île de France, et d’Harricana que nous tenons à remercier également.
Ayant eu le grand plaisir de participer à cet atelier, je tiens à remercier tout particulièrement Monique Beauregard du CRDITM. Previous Next. The Forbidden Stitch in Chinese Embroideries. Other authors show a knot stitch with only a single loop around the needle. Pamela Claburn decribes this as "a stitch resembling french knots and often mistaken for them," but says that, "The chinese knot is flatter, more shapely and not so twisted. In Chinese embroideries it is seldom used as an isolated stitch but is generally massed together, often covering large areas. " Among actual Chinese embroideries, it is unusual to find the knots so widely spaced or scattered as in the drawing. The spacing is dependent upon the length of the connecting stitch on the under side of the fabric. Each knot is indeed separate, however, and this distinguishes the stitch most clearly from the Pekinese Stitch shown later on this page. The example below represents the kind of knot stitch most often found in extant late 19th century Han Chinese costumes-- looped once around the needle, fairly flat and closed, worked in rows that are combined to fill sizeable areas.
The Lace Guild - The Origins & History of Lace. The Origins of Lace When did lace originate? Although no definite date can be given for the ‘invention’ of lace, it is most likely that what we now regard as lace arose in the early sixteenth century. Open woven fabrics and fine nets that had a lace-like effect are known to have existed for centuries, but their techniques did not contribute to those developed for the great European laces. Early references to ‘lace’ in English texts almost certainly refer to ‘ties’, as this was the primary meaning of the word lace until well into the seventeenth century. There is pictorial evidence from the late fifteenth century of simple plaited laces used on costume, and this is consistent with the statement by the author of a bobbin lace pattern book — the Nüw Modelbuch — printed in Zurich in 1561, that lace was brought to Zurich from Italy in about 1536.
Bobbin lace is generally quicker to work than needlelace, and skilled workers were soon able to copy needlelace designs. The Spread of Lace. Natural fiber. Fibers or fibres (see spelling differences) are a class of hair-like materials that are continuous filaments or are in discrete elongated pieces, similar to pieces of thread. They can be used as a component of composite materials. They can also be matted into sheets to make products such as paper or felt. Fibers are of two types: natural fiber which consists of animal and plant fibers, and man made fiber which consists of synthetic fibers and regenerated fibers. The earliest evidence for humans using fibers is the discovery of wool and dyed flax fibers found in a prehistoric cave in the Republic of Georgia that date back to 36,000 BP. Sources Natural fibers are made from plant, animal and mineral sources. The most used plant fibers are cotton, flax and hemp, although sisal, jute, kenaf, bamboo and coconut are also widely used.
Hemp fibers are mainly used for ropes and aerofoils because of their high suppleness and resistance within an aggressive environment. See also 15 Natural fibres - International Year of Natural Fibres 2009. Adam Knits Natural fibres are greatly elongated substances produced by plants and animals that can be spun into filaments, thread or rope. Woven, knitted, matted or bonded, they form fabrics that are essential to society.
Like agriculture, textiles have been a fundamental part of human life since the dawn of civilization. Fragments of cotton articles dated from 5000 BC have been excavated in Mexico and Pakistan. According to Chinese tradition, the history of silk begins in the 27th century BC. The oldest wool textile, found in Denmark, dates from 1500 BC, and the oldest wool carpet, from Siberia, from 500 BC. Fibres such as jute and coir have been cultivated since antiquity. While the methods used to make fabrics have changed greatly since then, their functions have changed very little: today, most natural fibres are still used to make clothing and containers and to insulate, soften and decorate our living spaces.
When is a fibre "natural"? Contact us to get involved: Linen: The elegant, beautiful, durable, the refined luxury fabric Fabrics.net. Linen Linen ! The elegant, beautiful, durable, the refined luxury fabric. Linen is the strongest of the vegetable fibers and has 2 to 3 times the strength of cotton. Linen table cloths and napkins have been handed down generation to generation. Not only is the linen fiber strong, it is smooth, making the finished fabric lint free. Fine china, silver and candles are enhanced by the luster of linen which only gets softer and finer the more it is washed. Linen Made from? Linen is from flax, a bast fiber taken from the stalk of the plant. Highly absorbent and a good conductor of heat, this fabric is cool in garments. CLICK HERE for the Glossary of Linen and Weaves.
Textiles Industry Overview | BusinessVibes - Company Profile. Overview The Textiles industry broadly refers to the production (design and manufacture), distribution, and consumption of textiles. It includes fiber and yarns, threads, broad woven, narrow, non-woven and knit fabrics, textile machinery, linen and uniform supplies, carpet and rugs, canvas mills, textile finishing etc. Some of the main sources from which textile can be manufactured include wool, silk, cotton, jute, and polymers. Over the years, there has been an increase in the volume of textile production across the globe because of reasons such as contemporary manufacturing techniques, which in turn has boosted the growth of this industry globally. Trends Textiles are useful in a number of applications, the most common being in households and various industrial purposes. Value Chain Raw materials obtained from sources such as animal, plant, polymers etc. are twisted together in the spinning process to form yarn.
Top Producers, Importers and Exporters The BusinessVibes Textiles Industry: SILK ROAD CHRONOLOGY. Fabric- getting to know fabric- part 1- Light to Medium weight Fabric! Textile and material understanding. Knitted Fabrics | Textile School. Knitting is the construction of an elastic, porous fabric, created by interlocking yarns by means of needles. Knitted Fabrics Knitting is the construction of an elastic, porous fabric, created by interlocking yarns by means of needles. Knitted fabrics can be made much more quickly and easily than woven fabrics at comparatively less cost. Knitted fabrics are generally light in weight, comfortable in wear even during travel, but yet require little care to keep their neat appearance. The tendency of knits to resist wrinkling is another factor to boost up their popularity. Knitted Fabric Types Jersey Knit These fabrics are weft knitted and are characterised by distinct but flat vertical lines on the face and dominant horizontal ribs on the reverse side.
Rib knits These fabrics are made by using rib stitch with two sets of needles. Double knit Double knits are produced by the interlock stitch. Knitted fur fabrics A wide range of knitted fur fabrics are available in the market. Antique Textile History. This article is about textile weaving. Weaving is a textile craft in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads, called the warp and the filling or weft (older woof), are interlaced to form a fabric or cloth.
The warp threads run lengthways on the piece of cloth, and the weft runs across from side to side, across the bolt of cloth. Cloth is woven on a loom, a device that holds the warp threads in place while filling threads are woven through them. Weft is an old English word meaning "that which is woven". The way the warp and filling threads interlace with each other is called the weave. Woven cloth can be plain (in one colour or a simple pattern), or can be woven in decorative or artistic designs, including tapestries. The ancient craft of handweaving, along with hand spinning, remains a popular craft. In general, weaving involves the interlacing of two sets of threads at right anglesto each other: the warp and the weft. Both warp and weft can be visible in the final product. Amazonia. Textile Weaving Information | NY Fashion Center Fabrics.
The art of textile weaving has transformed human society, allowing early civilizations the protection from the elements necessary to hunt, forage and develop cities and cultures. Strands of fibers or yarns woven together create the full range of fabrics, from lightweight cotton to flowing silks to warm wool. Weaving as an art form has also flourished throughout the millennia, with countless artisans crafting intricate and colorful tapestries and carpets. Weaving involves two separate threads, the warp and the weft. The warp threads lay vertically and are interlaced with the horizontal weft threads. A loom is a device that dates back thousands of years and is used to hold the threads in place while the weaver constructs the fabric.
The warp threads are held in place by several harnesses on the loom, and can be raised or lowered to create a space, or shed, in which the weft threads will be introduced. There are three basic types of weaves: plain, satin and twill.