Link Feast. Our editor's pick the 10 best psychology and neuroscience links from the last week or so: How To Talk So That People Listen At the recent Latitude Festival Psychologist magazine editor Jon Sutton was in conversation with Elizabeth Stokoe, Professor of Social Interaction at Loughborough University – follow the link for a transcript of the event (a recording will be available soon). The Brain That Couldn't Remember The untold story of the fight over the legacy of “H.M.” — the patient who revolutionized the science of memory. Why We Should Pity Attention-seeking Narcissists There are some surprising and unpleasant downsides to thinking you are the centre of the universe.
When Will Neuroscience Blow Our Minds? The discipline has promised big advances in many areas, but is it failing to live up to the hype? Three neuroscientists consider the state of their field. The Stroop Test: How Colourful Is Your Language? Was Freud Right About Dreams After All? What Makes People Feel Upbeat At Work? Warfare in Ancient Greece | Thematic Essay | Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Funerary slab with a soldier, Hellenistic, second half of 3rd century B.C. Greek; from the Soldiers' Tomb, Ibrahimieh necropolis, Alexandria, excavated 1884 Painted inscription: "[B]itos, son of Lostoiex, a Galatian" Limestone, paint; H. 15 in. (38.1 cm) Gift of Darius Ogden Mills, 1904 (04.17.5) As the economic resources of Greek city-states and individuals increased during the seventh century B.C., armies of foot soldiers were formed within the wealthier city-states.
Known as hoplites, these soldiers were characteristically equipped with about seventy pounds of armor, most of which was made of bronze. The typical panoply included an eight- to ten-foot thrusting spear with an iron tip and butt, and bronze armor consisting of a helmet, cuirass (chest armor), greaves (shin guards), and a large shield about thirty inches in diameter. Backed up by archers and light-armed troops, the hoplite phalanx remained the most important fighting unit for centuries. Monica Lewinsky: ‘The shame sticks to you like tar’ | Technology. One night in London in 2005, a woman said a surprisingly eerie thing to Monica Lewinsky. Lewinsky had moved from New York a few days earlier to take a master’s in social psychology at the London School of Economics. On her first weekend, she went drinking with a woman she thought might become a friend. “But she suddenly said she knew really high-powered people,” Lewinsky says, “and I shouldn’t have come to London because I wasn’t wanted there.”
Lewinsky is telling me this story at a table in a quiet corner of a West Hollywood hotel. We had to pay extra for the table to be curtained off. She’s tired and dressed in black. “Why did that woman in London say that to you?” “Oh, she’d had too much to drink,” Lewinsky replies. Seven years earlier, on 16 January 1998, Lewinsky’s friend – an older work colleague called Linda Tripp – invited her for lunch at a mall in Washington DC. She was bustled upstairs to a hotel room filled with prosecutors and federal agents. She trails off. Vauxhall Gardens. 1. Introduction fig. 2 The Temple of Comus Piazza with visiting families Vauxhall Gardens was re-launched in 1732 as the first and most significant of the true Pleasure Gardens of Georgian London. Commercial pleasure gardens, an English invention, were privately-run sites of entertainment; they were often situated on the outskirts of large towns or cities, and paying visitors were entertained in the summer months with music and company; refreshments were available at a price.
Pleasure gardens, as their name implies, were mainly outdoor spaces, though sometimes with an assembly room or concert hall, and they were normally open in the evening, after the working day; anybody who could afford the admission price and who was at least respectably dressed would be admitted (figs. 2 & 3). fig.3 The Grand South Walk, with visitors promenading and having supper The gardens did not finally close until July 1859, after almost two centuries as a hugely successful business. 2. 3. 4. The Gardens — The friends of Vauxhall Pleasure Gardens. The Gardens — The friends of Vauxhall Pleasure Gardens. Fashionable Caps for 19th Century Matrons both Young and Old | Mimi Matthews.
Louise de Guéhéneuc, duchesse de Montebello by Pierre-Paul Prud’hon, early 19th century. The 19th century cap was a modest necessity. Worn by spinsters and matrons both young and old, it neatly covered a lady’s hair while she was at home and abroad. At face value, such a basic article of clothing seems to have changed little throughout the century. However, a closer look at the fashionable caps of women of the 1800s reveals that styles did in fact subtly evolve. Through lace, ribbons, and trimmings, ladies of the age continually reinvented the cap, transforming it from what might otherwise have been a merely utilitarian scrap of fabric into a fashionable, feminine confection that said as much about a woman’s personal style as her French bonnets, cashmere shawls, and India muslin gowns.
Caps of the early 19th century are loosely divided into three basic styles: the lace cap, the draped cap, and the mob cap. Portrait of Nadezhda Dubovitskaya by Vladimir Borovikovsky, 1809. Mrs. “Fashions.” 18th and 19th Century: Sharpers, Shopkeepers, and the Georgian Era. Francis Grose defined a sharper in his eighteenth century dictionary as, "A cheat, one that lives by his wits. " In fact, a sharper was a common term applied in the eighteenth century to describe a thief who used trickery to obtain possessions from their rightful owner. Many ordinary Georgians saw sharpers as romantic figures and lauded them for their free-wheeling lifestyles. Shopkeepers, however, did not view sharpers in such a positive light. Shopkeepers were often the targets of the sharpers' attacks, and, to ensure eighteenth century shopkeeper's were aware of the tactics and ruses a sharper used, one magazine published a list of cautions hoping to prevent shopkeepers from being tricked or robbed.
Here is that list in its entirety (and almost verbatim): Cheating Valets and Tricks of the TradeManeuvering London's Streets in the Regency EraRegency Language of Cheats, Pickpockets, and Swindlers. 19th Century Marriage Manuals: Advice for Young Wives | Mimi Matthews. The Bride Adorned by Her Friend by Henrik Olrik, 1850. Covering a range of topics, including domestic economy, conjugal duties, and submission to one’s husband, the bulk of 19th century marriage manuals were directed at young wives occupying the middle and upper classes. These manuals were written by both men and women and were so numerous during the Regency and Victorian eras that some of the books contain notices wherein the author preemptively defends himself against future allegations of plagiarism. In author William Andrus Alcott’s 1837 book The Young Wife, or Duties of Woman in the Marriage Relation, Alcott begins by assuring his readers that: “Every chapter of this work was written many months before the appearance of certain recent publications involving, in some respects, similar sentiments.”
Marriage manuals for young wives did contain many similar sentiments. “There was a time, in the history of our world, when woman did not exist. The Proposal by Knut Ekwall, 1880s. 18th and 19th Century: Chasing Monsters: The First Official Detectives. Please welcome my guest Angela Buckley. Her fascination with Victorian crime began with her own family – while researching her family tree, she came across thieves, poachers, brawlers and even a brothel-keeper. Angela enjoys writing about the Victorian underworld and in this post, is on the right side of the law for a change. On 6 April 1842 PC William Gardiner of the Metropolitan Police (Wandsworth Division) was following a routine inquiry about a robbery when he came across a gruesome scene, which would not only shock the nation but also lead to a fundamental change in British policing.
The constable had been walking his regular beat when he was called into a pawnbroker’s shop on Wandsworth High Street to investigate a theft - coachman Daniel Good had stolen a pair of black trousers. The Metropolitan Police had been created 13 years earlier, in 1829. The first official British detectives were recruited exclusively from within the ranks of the Metropolitan police.