Graphic: Out of Africa – Did the Colonial Powers ever Really Leave? Africa may have achieved independence, but the old colonial ties are still important as France’s decision to send troops to Mali to fight Islamist extremists shows.
The old colonial powers in Africa may no longer be the rulers, but they still exert influence and have strong economic and political links. David McDonald, professor of the Global Development Studies at Queen’s University, says, “The French and the English were much more strategic in terms of recognizing that they wanted to maintain neo-colonial linkages with their former colonies. Finsch Pacific Expeditions. The Ancient World As Seen By Afrocentrists - Butterflies and Wheels.
Introduction At some schools and universities in the USA today students are learning a version of ancient history that is strikingly different from what is being taught to their counterparts in Europe. This new narrative cannot be reconciled with the traditional account, which is still being taught in the vast majority of schools and universities.
Advocates of the revisionist version ("the Afrocentric narrative") claim that because of their inherent prejudice against Africans and peoples of African descent, the traditionalists have ignored a significant body of evidence. Advocates of the traditional version of ancient history insist that their version ("the Eurocentric narrative") offers the best available account of the known facts. Thus in the debate between the two groups there is more is at stake than historical accuracy.
Here then are summaries of the two narratives: The Afrocentric Narrative 1. 2. 3. The Eurocentric Narrative 1. 2. 3. Discussion 1. 2. 3. Conclusion Endnotes. Precolonial African Politics and Government — Living While Black: Themes in African American Thought and Experience. West African empires and kingdomsClick image for larger viewSource University of Sankore Between 1905 and 1906Click image for larger viewSource Precolonial Africa had many different forms of politics and government and such a variety of politics and government was closely related to the level of economic organization and production.
Village-style government with a council of elders and/or village chiefs predominated in hunting and gathering and small agricultural societies. Centralized governments with monarchical or oligarchic politics capable of collecting taxes, regulating commerce, and mobilizing armies were common in intensive-agriculture societies with a crafts-manufacturing sector. The Colonization of Africa. Between the 1870s and 1900, Africa faced European imperialist aggression, diplomatic pressures, military invasions, and eventual conquest and colonization.
At the same time, African societies put up various forms of resistance against the attempt to colonize their countries and impose foreign domination. By the early twentieth century, however, much of Africa, except Ethiopia and Liberia, had been colonized by European powers. The European imperialist push into Africa was motivated by three main factors, economic, political, and social. Precolonial African Economies — Living While Black: Themes in African American Thought and Experience. Precolonial means before the heyday of massive European colonization which occupied much of Africa after the 1870s.
While some precolonial African societies were hunting-gathering economies, other societies had agricultural-based economies. Whether hunting-gathering or agricultural economies, in most cases precolonial Africans carried out their agricultural work and production collectively or communally in which ideally all able-bodied adults participated. Depending on location, precolonial Africans engaged in crafts-level (not industrial-level) hand-tool manufacturing. They produced agricultural tools, cloths, iron or copper implements, pottery, jewelry, weapons for hunting or warfare, and other products. Most precolonial African economies were mainly subsistence-oriented with trade routes and markets for the exchange of surplus goods for commodities that cannot be produced locally. Pre-colonial African empires and kingdomsClick image for a larger view. Big Era Seven: Landscape Unit 7.5. 5 of the worst atrocities carried out by British Empire, after 'historical amnesia' claims.
The British people suffer "historical amnesia" over the atrocities committed by their former empire, an Indian MP and author has claimed.
Former UN under-secretary general Dr Shashi Tharoor said the British education system fails to tell the real story of empire. He said: "There's no real awareness of the atrocities, of the fact that Britain financed its Industrial Revolution and its prosperity from the depredations of empire, the fact that Britain came to one of the richest countries in the world in the 18th century and reduced it, after two centuries of plunder, to one of the poorest. " A previous YouGov poll found the British public are generally proud of the British Empire and its colonial past.
YouGov found 44 per cent were proud of Britain's history of colonialism, while 21 per cent regretted it happened. The same poll also found 43 per cent believed the British Empire was a good thing, while 19 per cent said it was bad and 25 per cent said it was neither good nor bad. 1. 2. 3. 4.