Gaz de schiste
Gaz de schiste
Quand France 2 escamote un reportage sur le gaz de schiste > Gaz L'association 'No Fracking France' a organisé fin août un voyage d'études sur le gaz de schiste au Québec et (elle) a proposé à des journalistes de l'accompagner. Le reportage qui a été diffusé dans l'émission Complément d'Enquête sur France 2, le jeudi 20 septembre, porte selon l'association préjudice à l'ensemble de la délégation française parties en mission d'information afin d'évaluer les risques et les enjeux sanitaires et environnementaux liés aux exploitations de gaz de schiste outre atlantique. La journaliste de France 2, a contacté 'No Fracking France' au départ pour recueillir des informations et des contacts sur le sujet du gaz de schiste.
Water use and greenhouse gas emissions are major concerns with developing “unconventional” hydrocarbon reserves. The Syncrude Canada Ltd. oil sands mining operation in Alberta, Canada is the largest in the world. For every barrel of oil produced from tar sands mining operations, four to six barrels of fresh water are withdrawn from the Athabasca River, according to experts. By Keith Schneider Circle of Blue Before July 16, when the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency issued its 18-page letter directing the State Department to more carefully assess the considerable risks of the $7 billion Keystone XL oil pipeline from Alberta, Canada to the Gulf Coast, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton was expected to issue a presidential permit approving construction in the fall. EPA and State Department Square Off On Tar Sands Pipeline
Tar Sands: World’s Biggest Climate Crime « The End of Capitalism The tar sands are an abomination. In a desperate move to counteract peak oil, Canada and the United States are waging war on Alberta’s ecosystem and indigenous communities, as well as on the planet as a whole. This crime must be stopped. Clayton Thomas-Muller also recently spoke on Democracy Now!
Tar Sands Impact on Climate Change Posted on 23 August 2011 by dana1981 Beginning on 20 August 2011, Bill McKibben is leading what may be the largest green civil disobedience campaign in a generation, against the proposed construction of the 1,600-mile long Keystone XL pipeline. The pipeline would transport oil from the Alberta tar sands in Canada to American refineries at the Gulf of Mexico, and many are concerned about the associated impacts on the climate. Digging up new sources of fossil fuels will inevitably increase the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere, and the tar sands result in higher carbon emissions than even conventional oil. On 15 June 2011, the Energy and Power Subcommittee of the House Energy and Commerce Panel approved a bill to expedite a decision on the pipeline, possibly trying to rush it through before adequate environmental impact assessments are completed.
MacKay River and Hangingstone, bottom right. Source: Athabasca Oil Sands Corp. The Chinese government has bought out its Canadian partner is a major northern Alberta oil sands project. Athabasca Oil Sands Corp. (TSX: ATH) announces that it has exercised its option to divest its 40 per cent interest in the MacKay River oil sands project to Cretaceous Oilsands Holdings Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of PetroChina International Investment Limited, which is part of state-owned China National Petroleum Corporation, China’s largest energy producer. The purchase price $680 millionCDN, subject to closing adjustments, including Athabasca’s repayment of two loans provided by Cretaceous.The February 10, 2010 Put/Call Option Agreement between Cretaceous and Athabasca granted the option to trigger the sale of Athabasca’s interest in MacKay River, located west of Fort McMurray. Chinese government buys 100% of major Alberta oil sands project : Prince George Beacon
UK 'extraordinarily naive' over Canada's tar sands lobbying | Damian Carrington | Environment The UK government has been accused of being "extraordinarily naive" over tar sands information given to it by Canadian diplomats as part of a lobbying campaign, but which has since been contradicted. Chris Davies, the MEP who is the Liberal Democrat environment spokesman in the European parliament, told me: "It is extraordinarily naive for ministers and officials to take the special pleading by Canada as though it were gospel truth, rather than what it is - an attempt to protect narrow financial interests." Davies is savage about the UK government's position, for which fellow LibDem Norman Baker is the responsible minister: "The whole isssue of tar sands is becoming a huge source of embarrassment to every Liberal Democrat who wants and expects a government of which we are part to be leading on environment issues and in the fight against climate change."
The Athabasca oil sands (also called the Athabasca tar sands or Alberta tar sands) are large deposits of bitumen or extremely heavy crude oil, located in northeastern Alberta, Canada – roughly centred on the boomtown of Fort McMurray. These oil sands, hosted in the McMurray Formation, consist of a mixture of crude bitumen (a semi-solid form of crude oil), silica sand, clay minerals, and water. The Athabasca deposit is the largest known reservoir of crude bitumen in the world and the largest of three major oil sands deposits in Alberta, along with the nearby Peace River and Cold Lake deposits. Together, these oil sand deposits lie under 141,000 square kilometres (54,000 sq mi) of boreal forest and muskeg (peat bogs) and contain about 1.7 trillion barrels (270×10^9 m3) of bitumen in-place, comparable in magnitude to the world's total proven reserves of conventional petroleum. Athabasca oil sands
Photo NASA Earth Observatory ~ Athabasca (Alberta) Oil Sands growth 1984 to 2011 Photo NASA Earth Observatory ~ Oil Sands growth 1984 to 2011 Beaver Lake Cree Nation vs The Tar Sands The Beaver Lake Cree, a small, impoverished band of 900 people in eastern Alberta, are suing the Canadian federal and Alberta provincial governments to protect the land.
Buried under Canada’s boreal forest is one of the world’s largest reserves of oil. Bitumen—a very thick and heavy form of oil (also called asphalt)—coats grains of sand and other minerals in a deposit that covers about 142,200 square kilometers (54,900 square miles) of northwest Alberta. According to a 2003 estimate, Alberta has the capacity to produce 174.5 billion barrels of oil. Only 20 percent of the oil sands lie near the surface where they can easily be mined, and these deposits flank the Athabasca River. World of Change: Athabasca Oil Sands : Feature Articles
Athabasca Oil Sands In the ranking of the world’s proven oil reserves, Canada stands behind only Saudi Arabia. Canada possesses an estimated 178.6 billion barrels of crude oil accessible using current technology. Of this reserve, 174 billion barrels are in Alberta’s oil sand fields, which cover 140,200 square kilometers (54,132 square miles) of the province. The largest oil sand field is Athabasca, shown here. Oil sands consist of sand coated in water and a sticky film of bitumen, a heavy oil. The bitumen can be rinsed from the sand and refined into fuels.
With the rising cost of oil, mining oil sands has become a profitable endeavor in the past decade. Oil sands consist of clay, sand, and other minerals, coated in water and thick, viscous oil called bitumen (or asphalt). To get usable oil from this mixture, producers have to separate the bitumen from the sand using hot water, and then process the bitumen into crude oil. It is an energy-intensive process that until recently cost too much to be profitable. Athabasca Oil Sands
Millennium Open Pit Mine, Alberta The United States imports more oil from Canada than from any other country: more than 1.8 million barrels a day on average in 2007 according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (based on statistics through September). One of Canada’s largest sources of oil is the Athabasca Oil Sands. The oil sands are a mixture of bitumen (a tar-like oil), sand, clay, and water. Unlike many other oil sand deposits in Canada and around the world, the Athabasca Oil Sands are only shallowly buried, which allows them to be surface mined.
World of Change: Athabasca Oil Sands : Feature Articles
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The Oil Sands Developers Group (OSDG), formerly known as the Athabasca Regional Issues Working Group (RIWG), is a non-profit oil sands industry-funded association, based in Fort McMurray, that facilitates solutions to shared development issues related to the Athabasca Oil Sands Deposit in Alberta. OSDG shares oil sands developers' information, perspective and advice with affected stakeholders, consults with stakeholders to facilitate solutions to development issues and collaborates with stakeholders while balancing individual and collective company responsibilities. The organization is also tasked with communicating accurate and credible information, analysis and forecasts about the oil sands to its stakeholders and managing an inclusive committee process that is focused on analyzing issues, facilitating solutions and achieving results. Centre for Energy : Athabasca Regional Issues Working Group Association
4. Highway 63, between Fort McMurray and the Athabasca Oil Sands, Alta. - 10 most dangerous roads in Canada By John LeBlanc, MSN Autos On our energy-starved planet, Alberta's Athabasca Oil Sands project - the largest reservoir of crude bitumen in the world - often makes headlines. But as the only all-weather road leading in or out of the town nearest to the oil sands, Fort McMurray Alta., Highway 63 has ended up as one of the most dangerous roads in Canada. Since 2004, traffic to and from the booming city has increased by more than 30 per cent. And between then and 2009, 22 people had died and more than 250 have been injured.
The Integrity of Creation and the Athabasca Oil Sands - Justice, Peace, and Integrity of Creation
Athabasca oil sands
The Muskeg River Mine, where oil is extracted from the oil sands of Northern Alberta. - Image - Hydrocarbons Technology
Pictures: Satellite Views of Canada's Oil Sands Over Time
Athabasca Oil Sands, Canada
Athabasca Oil Sands
Shell's major projects: in pictures
Science Photo Library
Shale Gas - Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers
Les gaz de schistes ("shale gas")