NSA files decoded: Edward Snowden's surveillance revelations explained Two factors opened the way for the rapid expansion of surveillance over the past decade: the fear of terrorism created by the 9/11 attacks and the digital revolution that led to an explosion in cell phone and internet use. But along with these technologies came an extension in the NSA’s reach few in the early 1990s could have imagined. Details that in the past might have remained private were suddenly there for the taking. Chris Soghoian Principal technologist, ACLU NSA is helped by the fact that much of the world’s communications traffic passes through the US or its close ally the UK – what the agencies refer to as “home-field advantage”. The Snowden documents show that the NSA runs these surveillance programs through “partnerships” with major US telecom and internet companies. The division inside the NSA that deals with collection programs that focus on private companies is Special Source Operations, described by Snowden as the “crown jewels” of the NSA. Jeremy Scahill Fiber-optic cable
Estimating Appliance and Home Electronic Energy Use If you're trying to decide whether to invest in a more energy-efficient appliance or you'd like to determine your electricity loads, you may want to estimate appliance energy consumption. Formula for Estimating Energy Consumption Use this formula to estimate an appliance's energy use: 1 kilowatt (kW) = 1,000 Watts Multiply this by the number of days you use the appliance during the year for the annual consumption in kWh per year. Estimating Annual Cost to Run an Appliance Multiply the annual consumption in kWh per year (that you calculated above) by your local utility's rate per kWh consumed to calculate the annual cost to run an appliance. Examples: (200 Watts × 4 hours/day × 120 days/year) ÷ 1000 = 96 kWh × 11 cents/kWh = $10.56/year [(120 Watts + 150 Watts) × 4 hours/day × 365 days/year] ÷ 1000 = 394 kWh × 11 cents/kWh = $43.34/year Wattage You can usually find the wattage of most appliances stamped on the bottom or back of the appliance, or on its nameplate. Aquarium = 50–1210 Watts Fans
Workbook and Presentations | IPI Sustainability Sustainable Preservation Practices Workbook Below you can download the Sustainable Preservation Practices workbook that was developed for the seminars in PDF format: PowerPoint Presentations Below you can download the PowerPoint presentations in PDF format from the Midwestern regional workshop that was held in Los Angeles, CA on April 26-27, 2010: Below you can download the PowerPoint presentations in PDF format from the Midwestern regional workshop that was held in Morrow, GA on February 10-11, 2010: Below you can download the PowerPoint presentations in PDF format from the Midwestern regional workshop that was held in St. Below you can download the PowerPoint presentations in PDF format from the Northeastern regional workshop that was held in New Haven, CT on October 28-29, 2010: Below you can download the PowerPoint presentations in PDF format from the South Central regional workshop that was held in Austin, TX on September 16-17, 2010: Project Partners
In Climbing Income Ladder, Location Matters ATLANTA – Stacey Calvin spends almost as much time commuting to her job — on a bus, two trains and another bus — as she does working part-time at a day care center. She knows exactly where to board the train and which stairwells to use at the stations so that she has the best chance of getting to work on time in the morning and making it home to greet her three children after school. “It’s a science you just have to perfect over time,” said Ms. Calvin, 37. Her nearly four-hour round-trip stems largely from the economic geography of Atlanta, which is one of America’s most affluent metropolitan areas yet also one of the most physically divided by income. This geography appears to play a major role in making Atlanta one of the metropolitan areas where it is most difficult for lower-income households to rise into the middle class and beyond, according to a new study that other researchers are calling the most detailed portrait yet of income mobility in the United States. 10th percentile Ms.
Know your kilowatt-hour, and what it means to you Want to cut your home energy use? Start by understanding how you're charged By definition, a kilowatt-hour is easily understood. But it can be hard to make dollars and sense of what it really means for daily home consumption. So for those wishing to plug-in to the kWh costs of everything pulling power in your home, BC Hydro Power Smart's Pat Mathot takes you on a tour of an average home. What is a kilowatt-hour? When you take a cab, you are charged by the kilometre. For electric utilities, the kilowatt-hour (kWh) is the most common billing unit for energy delivered to consumers. There are two simple elements to understanding your kilowatt-hour consumption: How many watts the device drawsHow often it's used. "A toaster is a relatively big power draw at 1,000 to 1,500 watts, but if you only run it three minutes a day, it's only going to cost you $1.25 over the year," says Mathot, residential marketing manager for BC Hydro Power Smart. BC Hydro's residential usage charge is a two-tiered rate.
BOB WILLARD The Business Case for Sustainability The New Sustainability Advantage and its DVD Presentation provides a quantified, compelling business case for smart corporate sustainability strategies. The free Sustainability Advantage Dashboard online simulator provides a quick, slider-enabled way to project potential profit improvements for any company. The Next Sustainability Wave provides valuable insight into communicating with corporate leaders in their own language to bring about enlightened self-interest. The free, open source Sustainability Advantage Worksheets are fully customizable spreadsheets for quantifying the business case for sustainability. The Sustainability Champion's Guidebook and its DVD presentation provide practical advice on how to lead the transformation of your organization to a culture of sustainability. The Sustainability Advantage Slides include all the slides Bob uses in his presentations, plus hundreds of backup slides for quick reference, in ready-to-use format. © - All Rights Reserved
State Worker Salary Database: Database Updated January 22, 2015: Now includes 2014 CSU pay, 2014 civil service pay, 2013 University of California pay, and 2012 state legislative pay. This database allows you to search the salaries of California's 300,000-plus state workers and view up to eight years of their pay history. Search by name or department. For quicker searches, use a first and last name. Sources: University of California President's Office, California State Controller's Office, California Legislature Loading... Top Salaries of 2014 (Civil Service and CSU only) $497k Notes: Results for civil service workers are the actual amounts paid to them during 2013, according to the State Controller's Office. Names that show up in the database twice: Some state workers performed two jobs during 2013. UC student assistants: The UC system blanked out the names of several thousand student assistants in their latest data release, most of them earning a relatively small amount.
Reduce Your Electricity Use Twenty Things You Can Do to Conserve Energy Conserving energy, by taking actions like insulating/weatherstripping your home and purchasing Energy Star certified (high efficiency) appliances, is usually the smartest, most economical and most potent environmental action you can take. Cleaner, greener energy supplies may provide the cleanest supplies of needed electricity, but minimizing the energy we need is still the first step to take before selecting the cleanest, greenest supplies. Whenever you save energy, you not only save money, you also reduce the demand for such fossil fuels as coal, oil, and natural gas. You do not have to do without to achieve these savings. The average American produces about 40,000 pounds of CO2 emissions per year. Home improvements Consider some of these energy-saving investments. Insulate your walls and ceilings. Home appliances Turn your refrigerator down. Home heating and cooling Be careful not to overheat or overcool rooms. Small investments that pay off