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Facial Action Coding System

Facial Action Coding System
Muscles of head and neck. Facial Action Coding System (FACS) is a system to taxonomize human facial movements by their appearance on the face, based on a system originally developed by a Swedish anatomist named Carl-Herman Hjortsjö.[1] It was later adopted by Paul Ekman and Wallace V. Friesen, and published in 1978.[2] Ekman, Friesen, and Joseph C. Hager published a significant update to FACS in 2002.[3] Movements of individual facial muscles are encoded by FACS from slight different instant changes in facial appearance.[4] It is a common standard to systematically categorize the physical expression of emotions, and it has proven useful to psychologists and to animators. Due to subjectivity and time consumption issues, FACS has been established as a computed automated system that detects faces in videos, extracts the geometrical features of the faces, and then produces temporal profiles of each facial movement.[4] Uses[edit] FACS is designed to be self-instructional. Main Codes[edit] Related:  Body LanguagePsychology & Body Language

Body Language ⭐ Paul Ekman Dr. Paul Ekman (born February 15, 1934) is an American psychologist who is a pioneer in the study of emotions and their relation to facial expressions, has created an 'atlas of emotions' with more than ten thousand facial expressions, and has gained a reputation as "the best human lie detector in the world". He was ranked 59th out of the 100 most cited psychologists of the twentieth century.[1] Ekman conducted seminal research on the specific biological correlates of specific emotions, demonstrating the universality and discreteness of emotions in a Darwinian approach.[2][3] Biography[edit] Childhood[edit] Ekman originally wanted to be a psychotherapist, but when he was 14, his mother developed a severe mental illness and it had tragic consequences, so he decided to spend his life helping people like his mother.[5] Education[edit] At the age of 15, and without graduating from high school, he enrolled at the University of Chicago where he completed three years of undergraduate study.

Prosody (linguistics) There is no agreed number of prosodic variables. In auditory terms, the major variables are the pitch of the voice (varying between low and high)length of sounds (varying between short and long)loudness, or prominence (varying between soft and loud)timbre (quality of sound) in acoustic terms, these correspond reasonably closely to fundamental frequency (measured in hertz, or cycles per second)duration (measured in time units such as milliseconds or seconds)intensity, or sound pressure level (measured in decibels)spectral characteristics (distribution of energy at different parts of the audible frequency range) Some writers have described intonation entirely in terms of pitch, while others propose that what we call intonation is in fact an amalgam of several prosodic variables. The division of speech into unitsThe highlighting of particular words and syllablesThe choice of pitch movement (e.g. fall or rise) ^ Jump up to: a b Hirst, D.; Di Cristo, A. (1998).

Lie detection Lie detection, also referred to as deception detection, uses questioning techniques along with technology that record physiological functions to ascertain truth and falsehood in response. It is commonly used by law enforcement and has historically been an inexact science. There are a wide variety of technologies available for this purpose.[1] The most common and long used measure is the polygraph, which the U.S. National Academy of Sciences states, in populations untrained in countermeasures, can discriminate lying from truth telling at rates above chance, though below perfection.[2][3] They added that the results apply only to specific events and not to screening, where it is assumed that the polygraph works less well.[2] History[edit] The study of physiological methods for deception tests measuring emotional disturbances began in the early 1900s. 21st century[edit] General questioning and testing techniques[edit] The control question test and the guilty knowledge test[edit] ERP[edit]

Paralanguage Paralinguistic information, because it is phenomenal, belongs to the external speech signal (Ferdinand de Saussure's parole) but not to the arbitrary conventional code of language (Saussure's langue). The paralinguistic properties of speech play an important role in human communication. There are no utterances or speech signals that lack paralinguistic properties, since speech requires the presence of a voice that can be modulated. Aspects of the speech signal[edit] Perspectival aspects Speech signals arrive at a listener’s ears with acoustic properties that may allow listeners to identify location of the speaker (sensing distance and direction, for example). Organic aspects Expressive aspects Paralinguistic cues such as loudness, rate, pitch, pitch contour, and to some extent formant frequencies of an utterance, contribute to the emotive or attitudinal quality of an utterance. Linguistic aspects Specific forms of paralinguistic respiration[edit] Gasps[edit] Sighs[edit] fMRI studies

Polygraph American inventor Leonarde Keeler (1903–1949) testing his lie-detector on Dr. Kohler, a former witness for the prosecution at the trial of Bruno Hauptmann. The polygraph was invented in 1921 by John Augustus Larson, a medical student at the University of California at Berkeley and a police officer of the Berkeley Police Department in Berkeley, California.[2] The polygraph was on the Encyclopædia Britannica 2003 list of greatest inventions, described as inventions that "have had profound effects on human life for better or worse."[3] The efficacy of polygraphs is debated in the scientific community. In some countries polygraphs are used as an interrogation tool with criminal suspects or candidates for sensitive public or private sector employment. Polygraph examiners, or polygraphers, are licensed or regulated in some jurisdictions.[6] The American Polygraph Association sets standards for courses of training of polygraph operators, though it does not certify individual examiners.[7]

Get Anyone to Like You - Instantly - Guaranteed Get anyone to like you - Instantly - Guaranteed If you want people to like you, make them feel good about themselves. This golden rule of friendship works every time - guaranteed! The simple communication techniques that follow will help you keep the focus of the conversation on the person you are talking to and make them feel good about themselves. The Big Three Our brains continually scan the environment for friend or foe signals. Eyebrow Flash The eyebrow flash is a quick up and down movement of the eyebrows. Head Tilt The head tilt is a slight tilt of the head to one side or the other. Smile A smile sends the message "I like you." Empathic Statements Empathic statements keep the focus on the other person. Example 1 George : I've been really busy this week. Tom : So you didn't have much free time in the last few days. Once the basic formula for empathic statements has been mastered, more sophisticated empathic statements can be constructed by dropping "So you..." Example 2 Flattery

Project ARTICHOKE Declassified pages of ARTICHOKE-MKULTRA Project ARTICHOKE (also referred to as Operation ARTICHOKE) was a CIA project that researched interrogation methods and arose from Project BLUEBIRD on August 20, 1951, run by the CIA's Office of Scientific Intelligence.[1] A memorandum by Richard Helms to CIA director Allen Welsh Dulles indicated Artichoke became Project MKULTRA on April 13, 1953.[2][not in citation given] The project studied hypnosis, forced morphine addiction (and subsequent forced withdrawal), and the use of other chemicals, among other methods, to produce amnesia and other vulnerable states in subjects. ARTICHOKE was a mind control program that gathered information together with the intelligence divisions of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and FBI. See also[edit] [edit] Jump up ^ Science, Technology and the CIAJump up ^ Church Committee; p. 390 "MKULTRA was approved by the DCI [Director of Central Intelligence] on April 13, 1953"Jump up ^ Estabrooks, G.H. References[edit] Ronson, Jon.

7 Body Language Tricks To Make Anyone Instantly Like You There’s no question that body language is important. And, according to Leil Lowndes in her book “How To Talk To Anyone,” you can capture — and hold — anyone’s attention without even saying a word. We’ve selected the best body language techniques from the book and shared them below: The Flooding Smile “Don’t flash an immediate smile when you greet someone,” says Lowndes. Instead, pause and look at the other person’s face for a second, and then let a “big, warm, responsive smile flood over your face and overflow into your eyes.” Even though the delay is less than a second, it will convince people your smile is sincere and personalised for them. Sticky Eyes “Pretend your eyes are glued to your conversation partner’s with sticky warm taffy,” Lowndes advises. You can also try counting your conversation partner’s blinks. Epoxy Eyes In a group of people, you should watch the person you are interested in, no matter who else is talking. The Big-Baby Pivot Limit the Fidget Hang By Your Teeth

Human subject research Human subject research is not a systematic investigation that can be either research or clinically oriented and involves the use of human subjects in any capacity.[1] Systematic investigation incorporates both the collection and analysis of data in order to answer a specific question. Examples of clinically oriented investigation include analysis of biological specimens, epidemiological and behavioral studies and medical chart review studies.[1] Examples of research oriented investigation include surveys, questionnaires, interviews, and focus groups. Human subject research is used in various fields, including research into basic biology, clinical medicine, nursing, psychology, sociology, political science, and anthropology. As research has become formalized, the academic community has developed formal definitions of "human subject research", largely in response to abuses of human subjects. Human subjects[edit] As defined by DHHS regulations: Human subject rights[edit] Nuremberg Code[edit]

How to Detect Lies - body language, reactions, speech patterns Interesting Info -> Lying Index -> How to Detect Lies Become a Human Lie Detector (Part 1) Warning: sometimes ignorance is bliss. After gaining this knowledge, you may be hurt when it is obvious that someone is lying to you. The following deception detection techniques are used by police, forensic psychologists, security experts and other investigators. Introduction to Detecting Lies: This knowledge is also useful for managers, employers, and for anyone to use in everyday situations where telling the truth from a lie can help prevent you from being a victim of fraud/scams and other deceptions. This is just a basic run down of physical (body language) gestures and verbal cues that may indicate someone is being untruthful. If you got here from somewhere else, be sure to check out our Lie Detection index page for more info including new research in the field of forensic psychology. Signs of Deception: Body Language of Lies: • A person who is lying to you will avoid making eye contact. Bored?

Project MKUltra Declassified MKUltra documents Project MKUltra — sometimes referred to as the CIA's mind control program — was the code name given to an illegal and clandestine program of experiments on human subjects, designed and undertaken by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Experiments on humans were intended to identify and develop drugs and procedures to be used in interrogations and torture, in order to weaken the individual to force confessions through mind control. Organized through the Scientific Intelligence Division of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the project coordinated with the Special Operations Division of the U.S. concerned with "the research and development of chemical, biological, and radiological materials capable of employment in clandestine operations to control human behavior." Project MKUltra was first brought to public attention in 1975 by the Church Committee of the U.S. Background[edit] Dr. Precursor experiments[edit] MKUltra[edit] Goals[edit] Drugs[edit]

Eye of the beholder: Improving the human-robot connection -- ScienceDaily Researchers are programming robots to communicate with people using human-like body language and cues, an important step toward bringing robots into homes. Researchers at the University of British Columbia enlisted the help of a human-friendly robot named Charlie to study the simple task of handing an object to a person. Past research has shown that people have difficulty figuring out when to reach out and take an object from a robot because robots fail to provide appropriate nonverbal cues. "We hand things to other people multiple times a day and we do it seamlessly," says AJung Moon, a PhD student in the Department of Mechanical Engineering. Moon and her colleagues studied what people do with their heads, necks and eyes when they hand water bottles to one another. Video available at: Programming the robot to use eye gaze as a nonverbal cue made the handover more fluid. This paper won best paper at the IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction.

Microexpression A microexpression is a brief, involuntary facial expression shown on the face of humans according to emotions experienced. They usually occur in high-stakes situations, where people have something to lose or gain. Microexpressions occur when a person is consciously trying to conceal all signs of how he or she is feeling, or when a person does not consciously know how he or she is feeling.[1][2] Unlike regular facial expressions, it is difficult to hide microexpression reactions. History[edit] In the 1960s, William S. Types[edit] Microexpressions are typically classified based on how an expression is modified. Simulated expressions: when a microexpression is not accompanied by a genuine emotion. In photographs and films[edit] Microexpressions can be difficult to recognize, but still images and video can make them easier to perceive. Moods vs emotions[edit] Moods differ from emotions in that the feelings involved last over a longer period. Controlled microexpressions[edit] Universality[edit]