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SKYTRUTH: using remote sensing and digital mapping to educate the public and policymakers about the environmental consequences of human activities

SKYTRUTH: using remote sensing and digital mapping to educate the public and policymakers about the environmental consequences of human activities
Related:  T1 Du développement au développement durableEco Problems

Rapports | Rapports mondiaux | RDH 2011 Le Rapport sur le Développement humain 2011 avance que les défis pressants en matière de durabilité et d’équité doivent être traités conjointement et identifie les mesures à prendre aux niveaux national et mondial qui pourraient encourager les progrès en direction de ces deux objectifs étroitement liés. Une action courageuse est nécessaire sur ces deux fronts, comme le suggère le Rapport, si les progrès récents en matière de développement humain connus par la majorité des pauvres de la planète doivent se pérenniser, pour le bienfait des générations futures ainsi que pour celui des individus vivant aujourd’hui. Les Rapports antérieurs ont montré que les niveaux de vie dans la plupart des pays sont en augmentation – et convergent – depuis maintenant plusieurs décennies.

Tracking Frackers From the Sky | Innovation Ever since the natural gas boom took off in Pennsylvania in 2006, some people living near the drilling rigs have complained of headaches, gastrointestinal ailments, skin problems and asthma. They suspect that exposure to the chemicals used in the drilling practice called hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, triggers the symptoms. But there’s a hitch: the exact locations of many active fracking sites remain a closely guarded secret. Brian Schwartz, an environmental epidemiologist at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and his colleagues have teamed up with Geisinger Health System, a health services organization in Pennsylvania, to analyze the digital medical records of more than 400,000 patients in the state in order to assess the impacts of fracking on neonatal and respiratory health. While the scientists will track where these people live, says Schwartz, state regulators cannot tell them where the active well pads and waste pits are located. “It’s a big planet,” says Amos.

Sustainable Development - Environment Additional tools Introduction Sustainable Development stands for meeting the needs of present generations without jeopardizing the ability of futures generations to meet their own needs – in other words, a better quality of life for everyone, now and for generations to come. Sustainable development will not be brought about by policies only: it must be taken up by society at large as a principle guiding the many choices each citizen makes every day, as well as the big political and economic decisions that have. 2009 Review of the EU Sustainable Development Strategy (EU SDS) In July 2009 the Commission adopted the 2009 Review of EU SDS. The review is complemented by Eurostat's bi-annual monitoring report on sustainable development. The European Council in December 2009 confirmed that " Sustainable development remains a fundamental objective of the European Union under the Lisbon Treaty. The European Economic and Social Committee also adopted an opinion with regard to the EU SDS review.

The Plan to Map Illegal Fishing From Space Illicit fishing goes on every day at an industrial scale. But large commercial fishers are about to get a new set of overseers: conservationists—and soon the general public—armed with space-based reconnaissance of the global fleet. Crews on big fishing boats deploy an impressive arsenal of technology—from advanced sonars to GPS navigation and mapping systems—as they chase down prey and trawl the seabed. These tools are so effective that roughly a third of the world’s fisheries are now overharvested, and more than three-quarters of the stocks that remain have hit their sustainable limits, according to the FAO. For some species, most of the catch is unreported, unregulated, or flat-out illegal. US Coast Guard cutter Rush escorting the illegal fishing boat Da Cheng back to China. US Coast Guard But now environmentalists are using sophisticated technology of their own to peel away that cloak of invisibility. Oceana/SkyTruth The filter isn’t perfect, but it winnows the data significantly.

Portugal's migrants hope for new life in old African colony | World news It is Wednesday, and 31-year-old Maria Nunes is picking at her husband's grilled sardines, laughing at a comment from her friend Carlos, across the table. This group of young professionals have gathered at the Associação Portuguesa for their weekly lunch. It is a reunion of sorts, for the group of expatriates to talk about all things Portuguese over the black and white checkered tablecloths. All eight were born in Portugal but now live in Mozambique. The southern African country is famed for its prawn curries, balmy Indian Ocean beaches and local jazz, but the former Portuguese colony is experiencing a resurgence in foreign investment – and foreign migrants – as coal reserves are discovered in the north, urban centres develop in a frenzy of construction, and Europe slides further into economic meltdown. Maria, a freelance graphic designer, and her husband, Ricardo, moved to Maputo in 2006, interrupted by a brief spell in Angola for Ricardo's work as a civil engineer.

With eyes in the sky, researchers try to link fracking and illness Secrets secrets are no fun With eyes in the sky, researchers try to link fracking and illness Fracking has long been the oil and natural gas industry’s best kept secret – in particular, the chemicals found in fracking fluids, which have been linked to a host of weird mystery ailments, like respiratory or gastrointestinal distress. In Pennsylvania, there’s another secret Big Frack isn’t too keen on sharing: The exact locations of many well pads and waste pits scattered throughout the state. Schwartz and his colleagues are currently working with the Pennsylvania-based Geisinger Health System to comb through the medical records of more than 400,000 patients across the state. Enter SkyTruth, a West Virginia nonprofit that uses satellite and aerial imagery to study the environmental impacts of oil- and gas-drilling, deforestation, mining, and the like.

Phillips Exeter Academy | Development Economics and Economic Development Contact Information | My Background This page is maintained by Giorgio Secondi. It was last updated on February 7, 2014. Papers | Textbooks | Books | Periodicals | Economists | Institutions | Blogs | Other Websites Development Economics is the branch of economics that studies developing countries. Economic Development has been defined by Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen as "the process of expanding the real freedoms that people enjoy" (see Development as Freedom, p. 3). Several websites have collections of scholarly papers about economic development available for download (typically in PDF format). Papers EconPapers provides access to RePEc (Research Papers in Economics), a collection of Economics papers and articles. ERN (Economics Research Network) has a variety of papers on economic development available for download. The Latin American Network is part of the Economics Research Network listed above, and contains over 600 papers on (mostly) Latin American development topics. Textbooks Economists

Smile! Satellites can see your illegal fishing from space If a fish falls in the forest and no one is there to hear it … wait, is that not how it goes? Let’s put it this way: If a fishing boat illegally scoops up a load of fish in the middle of the ocean and no one is there to see it, it’s still illegal — but until now there has not been much anyone could do about it. It turns out that satellites a few hundred miles above earth are a lot better at surveying the high seas than, say, a lone Coast Guard boat with a spyglass, especially in the most remote waters where fishermen may be used to acting with impunity — ignoring quotas, transferring fish from ship to ship, dumping bycatch, even changing the vessel’s name between ports like a Shakespearian youth slipping casually into drag. Thanks to new projects in high-powered satellite surveillance, it may be possible to put an end to pirate fishing once and for all. This is good news for, let me see, about a billion people.

Objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement Haut de page Les huit objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement (OMD) forment un plan approuvé par tous les pays du monde et par toutes les grandes institutions mondiales de développement. Ils ont galvanisé des efforts sans précédent pour répondre aux besoins des plus pauvres dans le monde et arrivent à expiration à la fin 2015. Pour leur succéder, l'ONU a travaillé avec les gouvernements, la sociéte civile et les différents partenaires pour exploiter la dynamique dégagée par les OMD et élaborer un programme ambitieux pour l'après-2015 : Transformer notre monde : le Programme de développement durable à l’horizon 2030. Il s'articule autour de 17 objectifs mondiaux pour le développement durable. Lancement des objectifs de développement durable de l'ONU La réalisation des OMD tire à sa fin et l'année 2016 inaugure le lancement officiel du Programme de développement durable à l'horizon 2030. Où en sommes-nous de la réalisation des OMD? Résumé du rapport - Rapport complet - Presse Archives »

We’re hooked on this map of industrial fishing We’ve written before how the best tools to fight overfishing at sea may be found in the skies – but this past Wednesday, proof-of-concept came in the form of a satellite-tracked map of all the journeys made by 25,000 large fishing vessels between 2012 and 2013. The system is called Global Fishing Watch, and it was conceived by ocean-hugger nonprofit Oceana, developed by our favorite eye-in-the-sky watchdog SkyTruth, powered by satellite company SpaceQuest, with technical support from Google. Those are some heavy hitters to throw their weight behind the problem of illegal fishing — and they could actually make a difference. Although the system currently displays voyages from nearly a year ago, “the plan is that we will build out a public release version that will have near-real-time data,” said Jackie Savitz, Oceana’s VP for U.S. oceans. So now we’re one step closer to catching fish criminals red-herring-handed.

L'Agence nationale des Usages des TICE - Géographie et développement durable en classe de seconde Christine Colaruotolo est professeure d'histoire-géographie au lycée marseilleveyre (13). Dans le cadre du programme de géographie de seconde et d'une éducation au développement durable, elle présente une séquence d'étude de cas à l'aide d'un logiciel de visualisation de la Terre. Rencontres de l'ORME 2009. Objectifs pédagogiques Il s‘agit de s’interroger avec les élèves sur un nouveau modèle urbain, la ville durable. L'éducation au développement durable Cette séquence s’inscrit dans le programme de géographie de seconde, dans la partie consacrée aux dynamiques urbaines et à l’environnement urbain. Un usage raisonné des TICE Les TICE permettent aux élèves d’avoir accès à des ressources documentaires multimédias en ligne qu'ils doivent apprendre à s‘approprier. Christine Colaruotolo

Nos civilisations se dirigent vers un effondrement irréversible des écosystèmes terrestres 44 717 lectures / 130 commentaires03 juillet 2012 ; révision : 06 juillet 2012, 09 h 53 L'humanité est entrée dans l'Anthropocène : une nouvelle ère géologique où tout pourrait basculer... pour le pire.© Globaia, Planet Under Pressure, SEI, SRC, CSIRO En se basant sur des théories scientifiques, des modélisations d'écosystèmes et des preuves paléontologiques, une équipe de 18 chercheurs, incluant un professeur de la Simon Fraser University (SFU, Vancouver), prédit que les écosystèmes de la Terre vont faire face à un effondrement imminent et irréversible. Dans un article récemment publié dans Nature intitulé "Approaching a state-shift in Earth's biosphere", les auteurs examinent l'accélération de la perte de biodiversité, les fluctuations climatiques de plus en plus extrêmes, l'interconnexion grandissante des écosystèmes et le changement radical du bilan énergétique global. Point de basculement et fonte totale de la calotte polaire du Groenland Sources Notes Auteur