background preloader

Verb Tenses

Verb Tenses
Summary: This handout explains and describes the sequence of verb tenses in English. Contributors:Chris Berry, Allen Brizee, Elizabeth AngeliLast Edited: 2013-09-14 09:29:01 Strictly speaking, in English, only two tenses are marked in the verb alone, present (as in "he sings") and past (as in "he sang"). Simple Present: They walk Present Perfect: They have walked Simple Past: They walked Past Perfect: They had walked Future: They will walk Future Perfect: They will have walked Problems in sequencing tenses usually occur with the perfect tenses, all of which are formed by adding an auxiliary or auxiliaries to the past participle, the third principal part. ring, rang, rung walk, walked, walked The most common auxiliaries are forms of "be," "can," "do," "may," "must," "ought," "shall," "will," "has," "have," "had," and they are the forms we shall use in this most basic discussion. Present Perfect The present perfect consists of a past participle (the third principal part) with "has" or "have." 1. 2. Related:  VERB TENSES

Verb Tenses In English, there are three basic tenses: present, past, and future. Each has a perfect form, indicating completed action; each has a progressive form, indicating ongoing action; and each has a perfect progressive form, indicating ongoing action that will be completed at some definite time. Here is a list of examples of these tenses and their definitions: Simple Forms Present Tense Present tense expresses an unchanging, repeated, or reoccurring action or situation that exists only now. Past Tense Past tense expresses an action or situation that was started and finished in the past. Future Tense Future tense expresses an action or situation that will occur in the future. The speaker of the House will finish her term in May of 1998. The future tense can also be expressed by using am, is, or are with going to. The surgeon is going to perform the first bypass in Minnesota. We can also use the present tense form with an adverb or adverbial phrase to show future time. The president speaks tomorrow.

Appositives Summary: This handout defines appositives and explains how they are used. Contributors:Chris Berry, Dana Lynn DriscollLast Edited: 2013-04-18 03:29:26 An appositive is a noun or pronoun — often with modifiers — set beside another noun or pronoun to explain or identify it. Your friend Bill is in trouble. My brother's car, a sporty red convertible with bucket seats, is the envy of my friends. The chief surgeon, an expert in organ-transplant procedures, took her nephew on a hospital tour. An appositive phrase usually follows the word it explains or identifies, but it may also precede it. A bold innovator, Wassily Kandinsky is known for his colorful abstract paintings. The first state to ratify the U. A beautiful collie, Skip was my favorite dog. Punctuation of appositives In some cases, the noun being explained is too general without the appositive; the information is essential to the meaning of the sentence. Here are some examples.

Tenses It's all about time. Things can happen now, in the future or in the past. The tenses simply show the time of an action or state of being as shown by a verb. The verb ending is changed (conjugated) to show what time it is referring to. Time can be split into three periods The Present (what you are doing), The Past (what you did) and The Future (what you are going to do, or hope / plan to do ). The tenses we use to show what time we are talking about are split into the Simple, Continuous and Perfect tenses. In English we use two tenses to talk about the present and six tenses to talk about the past. Simple Tenses The simple tenses are used to show permanent characteristics of people and events or what happens regularly, habitually or in a single completed action. Continuous Tenses The continuous tenses are used when talking about a particular point in time. Perfect Tenses The perfect tenses are used when an action or situation in the present is linked to a moment in the past. The Future Tenses

The Prepositional Phrase Printer Fabulous! Recognize a prepositional phrase when you see one. At the minimum, a prepositional phrase will begin with a preposition and end with a noun, pronoun, gerund, or clause, the "object" of the preposition. The object of the preposition will often have one or more modifiers to describe it. These are the patterns for a prepositional phrase: Preposition + Noun, Pronoun, Gerund, or Clause Preposition + Modifier(s) + Noun, Pronoun, Gerund, or Clause Here are some examples of the most basic prepositional phrase: At home At = preposition; home = noun. Most prepositional phrases are longer, like these: From my grandmother From = preposition; my = modifier; grandmother = noun. Understand what prepositional phrases do in a sentence. A prepositional phrase will function as an adjective or adverb. The book on the bathroom floor is swollen from shower steam. As an adverb, a prepositional phrase will answer questions such as How? Freddy is stiff from yesterday's long football practice.

ESL Grammar Worksheets Nouns ESL Grammar Worksheets: List of 100 Common Nouns ESL Grammar Worksheets: Nouns (1) - an introduction to Nouns (people, places, and things) ESL Grammar Worksheets: Nouns (2) - an introduction to Nouns (people, places, and things) ESL Grammar Worksheets: Nouns (3) - an introduction to plural nouns ESL Grammar Worksheets: Nouns (4) - singular and plural nouns, using "There is" and "There are" Count/Noncount Nouns ESL Grammar Worksheets: Count/Noncount Nouns (1) - count nouns with "many", and noncount nouns with "much" ESL Grammar Worksheets: Count/Noncount Nouns (2) - count/noncount nouns with "many", "much", and "a lot of" ESL Grammar Worksheets: Count/Noncount Nouns (3) - count nouns with "a few", and noncount nouns with "a little" ESL Grammar Worksheets: Count/Noncount Nouns (4) - count/noncount nouns with "some" ESL Grammar Worksheets: Count/Noncount Nouns (5) - count nouns with "There are" and noncount nouns with "There is" Verbs: ESL Grammar Worksheets: List of 100 Common Verbs Adjectives:

Gerunds, Participles, and Infinitives Summary: This handout provides a detailed overview (including descriptions and examples) of gerunds, participles, and infinitives. Contributors:Purdue OWLLast Edited: 2011-12-09 01:47:54 A gerund is a verbal that ends in -ing and functions as a noun. Gerund as subject: Traveling might satisfy your desire for new experiences. Gerund as direct object: They do not appreciate my singing. Gerund as subject complement: My cat's favorite activity is sleeping. Gerund as object of preposition: The police arrested him for speeding. A gerund phrase is a group of words consisting of a gerund and the modifier(s) and/or (pro)noun(s) or noun phrase(s) that function as the direct object(s), indirect object(s), or complement(s) of the action or state expressed in the gerund, such as: The gerund phrase functions as the subject of the sentence. Finding a needle in a haystack would be easier than what we're trying to do. The gerund phrase functions as the direct object of the verb appreciate. Punctuation

Verb Tenses Worksheets "What a comprehensive site! I espcially like your verb tenses worksheets. They allow my students to really practice all the many variations. Like these materials? Aren't verb tenses wonderful? COPYRIGHT NOTICE: The below publications contain copyrighted work to be used by teachers in school or at home. Unit 1: Using "To Be" The worksheet below gives a broad overview of all aspects of all possible tenses. Verb Tenses Diagram - A diagram of verb tenses and examples This unit contains worksheets outlining common usages of the verb "to be." Unit 2: Present Tense This unit contains printable present tense worksheets. Finding these materials helpful? Sorry to interrupt...Now back to browsing more quality reading comprehension materials! Sorry to interrupt...Now back to browsing more quality verb tenses exercises! Unit 3: Past Tense This unit contains printable past tense worksheets. Unit 4: Future Tense This unit contains printable future tense worksheets.

Grammar Web Guide What I know about grammar is its infinite power. To shift the structure of a sentence alters the meaning of the sentence, as definitely and inflexibly as the position of a camera alters the meaning of the subject photographed. Many people know camera angles now, but not so many know about sentences. -- Joan Didion The term "grammar" can be applied to the description of language behavior as well as to prescriptions for correct language use. For the purposes of this guide, I am going to assume that the second meaning is the operative one here and that teachers seeking Internet help with grammar will sometimes want reference information and at other times will want explanations and exercises that can be given to students. As a comparison of grammar textbooks and workbooks will show, there can be some disagreement about basic terms. Reviewing Grammatical Terms And Concepts Focus On Common Errors Miscellany Grammar Resources on the Web

Verb Tenses Summary: This handout explains and describes the sequence of verb tenses in English. Contributors:Chris Berry, Allen Brizee, Elizabeth AngeliLast Edited: 2013-09-14 09:29:01 Strictly speaking, in English, only two tenses are marked in the verb alone, present (as in "he sings") and past (as in "he sang"). Simple Present: They walk Present Perfect: They have walked Simple Past: They walked Past Perfect: They had walked Future: They will walk Future Perfect: They will have walked Problems in sequencing tenses usually occur with the perfect tenses, all of which are formed by adding an auxiliary or auxiliaries to the past participle, the third principal part. ring, rang, rung walk, walked, walked The most common auxiliaries are forms of "be," "can," "do," "may," "must," "ought," "shall," "will," "has," "have," "had," and they are the forms we shall use in this most basic discussion. Present Perfect The present perfect consists of a past participle (the third principal part) with "has" or "have." 1. 2.

Subject/Verb Agreement Summary: Ever get "subject/verb agreement" as an error on a paper? This handout will help you understand this common grammar problem. Contributors:Joshua M. This handout gives you several guidelines to help your subjects and verbs agree. 1. She and her friends are at the fair. 2. The book or the pen is in the drawer. 3. The boy or his friends run every day. His friends or the boy runs every day. 4. He doesn't like it. They don't like it. 5. One of the boxes is open The people who listen to that music are few. The team captain, as well as his players, is anxious. The book, including all the chapters in the first section, is boring. The woman with all the dogs walks down my street. 6. Each of these hot dogs is juicy. Everybody knows Mr. Either is correct. 7. The news is on at six. Note: the word dollars is a special case. Five dollars is a lot of money. Dollars are often used instead of rubles in Russia. 8. These scissors are dull. Those trousers are made of wool. 9. There are many questions. 10. 11.

English Tenses Timeline - For ESL EFL TESOL TEFL TOEFL Students Teacher and Classes for Quick Reference This timeline tenses chart provides a handy reference sheet to English tenses and their relationship to one another and the past, present and future. Conjugated verbs are highlighted in bold. Tenses which are rarely used in everyday conversation are marked by an asterik (*). For an overview of conjugation of these tenses, use the tense tables or the visual guide to tenses for reference. Other Helpful Tense Reference Links Upper Level Grammar Resources Lower Level Grammar Resources Grammar Quizzes

Comics :: Grammar This is a grammar comic about the proper usage of who versus whom. A look at the meaning of "flushing out an idea." This comic will LITERALLY make butterflies explode out of your underpants. A guide explaining when to use i.e. instead of e.g. The right way to use an apostrophe (in illustrated form). All artwork and content on this site is Copyright © 2016 Matthew Inman.

Related: