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Gender bias in student evaluations: Professors of online courses who present as male get better marks.

Gender bias in student evaluations: Professors of online courses who present as male get better marks.
Many in academia have long known about how the practice of student evaluations of professors is inherently biased against female professors. Students, after all, are just as likely as the public in general to have the same ugly, if unconscious, biases about women in authority. Just as polling data continues to show that a majority of Americans think being a man automatically makes you better in the boss department, many professors worry that students just automatically rate male professors as smarter, more authoritative, and more awesome overall just because they are men. Now, a new study out North Carolina State University shows that there is good reason for that concern. One of the problems with simply assuming that sexism drives the tendency of students to giving higher ratings to men than women is that students are evaluating professors as a whole, making it hard to separate the impact of gender from other factors, like teaching style and coursework. The results were astonishing. Related:  Gender II

“We live in a country full of racism, but no racists; rape, but no rapists.” In the midst of the continued fallout from the Rolling Stone mess and the ongoing protests against racist police violence, Kate Harding draws the parallels between the victim-blaming tendencies that runs through the conversations on both gendered violence and racist violence. As a society, we (mostly) acknowledge that corrosive, potentially deadly racism, as an abstract concept, exists. But of course, everyone worth mentioning abhors it! How can you call this a racist society, when we have a 50-year-old Civil Rights Act and a Black president and everything? Michael Brown, Eric Garner, John Crawford, Tamir Rice, were all killed in unfortunate individual misunderstandings. We will go to truly amazing lengths to stick to this pattern of individualizing the problem and/or finding ways to blame the victim. Because if we didn’t, then we might actually have to stop searching for the mythic “good victim” and focus on the humans — not monsters, just humans — who are doing this.

Five Ways You Can Promote Gender Equality in Your Workplace | Katie Zeppieri Gender equality continues to be one of the largest movements of our generation. Out of the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) set by the United Nations in 2000, the third goal listed is "promote gender equality and empower women." November 25th marked the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women and launched the 16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence Campaign which concludes on December 10, Human Rights Day. The United Nations estimates that globally, one in three women will experience violence at some point in her life. Benjamin Kumpf, Innovation Specialist at the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), is deeply passionate about promoting gender equality and believes that both individuals and also businesses play a role in advancing gender equality and eliminating gender-based violence. 5 Ways You Can Promote Gender-Equality in Your Workplace: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. *Photos provided with permission from the United Nations Development Programme Close

Concrete Examples of How Video Games Normalize Violence Against Women CLIP: Dragon Age: Origins “Grab a whore and have a good time” Welcome to the second part of our mini-series examining the Women as Background Decoration trope in video games. I need to stress that this video comes with a content warning and is not recommended for children. The game footage I’ll be showcasing will be particularly graphic and include scenes of extreme violence against women. I define the Women as Background Decoration trope as: The subset of largely insignificant non-playable female characters whose sexuality or victimhood is exploited as a way to infuse edgy, gritty or racy flavoring into game worlds. In our last video we discussed the concept of Sexual Objectification and looked at a specific subset of non-essential female characters which I classify as Non-Playable Sex Objects. CLIP: Assassin’s Creed Brotherhood “Are you here for the whore?” CLIP: Bioshock 1 “Well if it isn’t long lost Andrew Ryan. A similar technique is used to set the mood in The Darkness 2.

Mon livre « À travail égal, salaire égal » : voici un beau principe entériné par la loi française… Alors comment expliquer qu'à poste équivalent, une femme gagne aujourd'hui 15 % de moins qu'un homme ? Pourquoi, malgré les lois sur la parité, malgré l'évolution des mentalités et de la société, les femmes sont-elles encore si peu à occuper des postes de direction ? Il semble que nous soyons conditionnés, hommes comme femmes, à maintenir par nos comportements les inégalités entre les deux sexes. Professionnellement, les femmes se heurtent ainsi au fameux « plafond de verre », cet obstacle invisible qui les empêche d'accéder aux postes les plus prestigieux ou de prétendre à une rémunération identique à celle de leurs collègues masculins. Avec verve et perspicacité, et tout en s'appuyant sur de nombreuses études et expérimentations extrêmement édifiantes, Brigitte Laloupe décrypte ici les mécanismes psychosociaux qui sont à l'oeuvre. critiques dans la presse - Social CE - Cadres et avenir - Management

Chart of the Week: Gender Segregation of Toys Is On the Rise by Lisa Wade, PhD, 2 days ago at 09:00 am Sociologist Philip Cohen graphed the frequency of “toys for boys” and “toys for girls” relative to “toys for children.” This is just language, and it’s just American English, but it’s one indication that the consciousness raising efforts of organizations like Let Toys Be Toys is still on the margins of mainstream society. As you can see from the graph, the extent to which children are actively talked about as gendered subjects varies over time. One explanation for why companies resist androgynous toys and clothes for children — an arguably adults, too — has to do with money. If parents with a boy and a girl could get away with one set of toys, they wouldn’t need to buy a second. It would really cut into the profits of these companies if we believed that all items for children were interchangeable.

Les femmes devraient "normalement" être mieux payées que les hommes - Economie Entre 4 et 36%. Voilà l'écart salarial relevé entre les hommes et les femmes par l'Organisation Internationale du Travail. L'OIT publie ces résultats dans son nouveau rapport sur les salaires 2014/2015 après avoir mené une étude dans 38 pays. Et l'écart se creuse encore davantage pour les femmes aux revenus élevés. L'OIT explique que cette différence de rémunération est en partie "explicable" lorsque l'on prend en compte des "caractéristiques observables susceptibles d'influencer la rémunération", comme par exemple l'âge ou le niveau d'éducation et donc d'études des individus. Que 5% d'écart en France Si ce désavantage salarial inexpliqué était supprimé, le rapport montre que l'écart diminuerait voire s'inverserait naturellement dans la plupart des 38 pays étudiés, notamment en Suède et au Danemark. Parmi les recommandations énumérées par le rapport afin de régler le problème de l'inégalité salariale hommes-femmes, le partage des tâches à la maison.

The Paradox of Women’s Sexuality in Breast Feeding Advocacy and Breast Cancer... by Jennifer Rothchild PhD, 1 day ago at 09:00 am My sister-in-law Charlotte was recently loudly admonished by a flight attendant on an international flight for allowing her “breast to fall out” after she fell asleep while nursing her baby. A strong advocate for breastfeeding, Charlotte has shared with me her own discomfort with public breastfeeding because it is considered gross, matronly, and “unsexy.” I heard this over and over again from women I have interviewed for my research: Women who breastfed often feel they have to cover and hide while breastfeeding at family functions. As one mom noted, “Family members might be uncomfortable so I leave room to nurse—but miss out on socializing.” Meanwhile, I flip through the June 2012 issue of Vanity Fair and see this ad: We capitalize on the sexualization of the breast to raise awareness about breast cancer. What’s happening here?

C'est objectif : les femmes devraient gagner plus que les hommes - L'Obs Mieux formées, plus expérimentées et plus productives, les femmes devraient être mieux payées que les hommes. C'est du moins ce qu'affirme l'Organisation internationale du travail (OIT) dans son rapport annuel sur le travail dans le monde. En se référant à ces critères objectifs, les femmes seraient même en droit d'attendre en moyenne des salaires de 0,9% plus importants que ceux des hommes, dans les 26 pays européens étudiés. Et où en est la réalité aujourd'hui ? L'écart est le plus important aux Etats-Unis La tendance n'est pas propre à l'Europe. 100% des 38 pays sur lesquels porte l'enquête affichent des inégalités salariales hommes-femmes. La tendance américaine s'explique notamment, selon l'OIT, parce que les hommes ont une plus grande productivité, sont plus diplômés et plus expérimentés aux Etats-Unis qu'ailleurs dans le monde. "La discrimination est l'un des facteurs" La discrimination est l'un des facteurs qui explique cela. Barbara Krief