background preloader

The Periodic Table of the Figures of Speech: 40 Ways to Improve Your Writing

The Periodic Table of the Figures of Speech: 40 Ways to Improve Your Writing
At the root of all good writing lies an understanding of how sentences are built. In kindergarten, we learn the fundamentals of grammar and the basic concepts of how sentences are constructed. For most of our elementary and secondary training in writing, we are taught simply to improve those grammatical and mechanical skills. A good writer, however, understands the complexities and rhetorical effects of how modifying sentence structure (known as sentence “schemes”) improves the flow, interest, and even persuasive qualities of their writing. They also have a firm understanding of the many “tropes” (things like metaphors and similes and ironies) and how the inclusion of them can improve reader engagement, understanding, and overall appeal and effectiveness of their writing. If you can master these forty basic figures of speech in the periodic table below (broken down by category within the schemes and tropes), you’ll be on your way to becoming a fantastic writer. Related Graphics Related:  Logic and RhetoriceducationWork

Why Harvard Destroyed Rhetoric - Figures of Speech By Jay Heinrichs (from Harvard Magazine) If using language persuasively is a vanishing art, Harvard must bear much of the blame. On June 12, 1806, a balding 38-year-old United States senator, John Quincy Adams, took the lectern in University Hall to begin his part time job as Harvard’s first Boylston professor of rhetoric and oratory. His own style was not exactly naked. Adams could get away with speech like that because it was the fashion in those days, and because it was sincere. And now it was Adams’s turn to teach persuasion as the paramount democratic skill. This is the story of how rhetoric was swallowed up by Harvard, and how Harvard might atone for its sin by giving back a skill that is sorely needed by Americans today. In his first lecture, Adams conceded that he wasn’t much of a scholar. Nonetheless, Adams was not exactly an outsider when he arrived. As I write this, I hold in my lap a two-volume the first edition of Adams’s bound lectures, published in 1810.

COOPÉRER EN PHASE DE RECHERCHE 50 Top Sources Of Free eLearning Courses Whether you are looking for a master’s degree program, computer science classes, a K-12 curriculum, or GED study program, this list gives you a look at 50 websites that promise education for free. From databases that organize over 1,000,000 students throughout 16 universities, to a small library of documents for those interested in history, the opportunities for free online learning continue to expand as the Internet becomes a crucial component in education. 1. UMass Boston Open Courseware The UMass courseware offers a broad range of classes in areas like psychology, biology, early education, political science, history, mathematics, and others. Each department has a separate page listing the classes available. There are no slides, videos, or lecture notes, which makes this open courseware inferior to other universities that offer extensive resources. 2. This website has a variety of video lessons for free. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Stanford on iTunes U gives you two options. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.

How to Give a Powerful Presentation: Eight Steps to an Awesome Speech Presenting information to a crowd is an art form. Presenting information powerfully is a talent that can change the trajectory of your entire career. Some people are natural at swooning an audience but for the rest of us, giving presentations takes practice. The good news is, presenting well in front of a crowd–be it a small group at work, or in front of hundreds of people–really isn’t all that complicated. Prepare for your AudienceOpen with VigorWeave in the StoriesExpress with VisualsRelate with DeliveryFrame the ContentUnify the MessageLeave with a Punch Click on the image below to enlarge it and read the fine points under each step. Prepare for Your Audience Know who they are, then give ‘em what they want. Who Are They? Open with Vigor Grab ‘em early, and keep ‘em hooked. Tell a Story. Weave in the Stories If you tell it, they will listen. Purpose: The story must have a purpose. Express with Visuals Think you’re a visual learner? Simplify the Slides. Relate with Delivery Do: Don’t:

How to Criticize with Kindness: Philosopher Daniel Dennett on the Four Steps to Arguing Intelligently By Maria Popova “In disputes upon moral or scientific points,” Arthur Martine counseled in his magnificent 1866 guide to the art of conversation, “let your aim be to come at truth, not to conquer your opponent. So you never shall be at a loss in losing the argument, and gaining a new discovery.” Of course, this isn’t what happens most of the time when we argue, both online and off, but especially when we deploy the artillery of our righteousness from behind the comfortable shield of the keyboard. That form of “criticism” — which is really a menace of reacting rather than responding — is worthy of Mark Twain’s memorable remark that “the critic’s symbol should be the tumble-bug: he deposits his egg in somebody else’s dung, otherwise he could not hatch it.” But it needn’t be this way — there are ways to be critical while remaining charitable, of aiming not to “conquer” but to “come at truth,” not to be right at all costs but to understand and advance the collective understanding.

200 Free Textbooks: A Meta Collection Free textbooks (aka open textbooks) written by knowledgable scholars are a relatively new phenomenon. Below, find a meta list of 200 Free Textbooks, and check back often for new additions. Also see our online collection, 1,300 Free Online Courses from Top Universities. Art History A Textbook of the History of Painting by John Charles Van Dyke, Rutgers Biology Anatomy and Physiology - Edited by various profs at OpenStaxBiology - Edited by various profs at OpenStaxBiology Pages, John W. Business and Management Business Ethics by Jose A. Chemistry Chemistry, Grades 10-12, Created by the FHSST Project (Free High School Science Texts)Chemistry Virtual Textbooks by Stephen Lower, Simon Fraser UniversityCK-12 Chemistry (Grades 9-12) by multiple authors. Classics Computer Science & Information Systems Earth Science CK-12 Earth Science for Middle School by multiple authors.Earth Systems, an Earth Science Course (Grades 9-10). Economics & Finance Education Electrical Engineering Engineering History Languages

The Einstein Principle: Accomplish More By Doing Less October 10th, 2007 · 55 comments Einstein’s Push Between the years 1912 to 1915, Albert Einstein was a focused man. His previous work on the special theory of relativity and the quantization of light, among other topics, was starting to gain notice. Once there, he met mathematician Marcel Grossman and became convinced that if he applied the new non-euclidean math studied by Grossman to his own work on relativity, he could generalize the theory to account for gravity. Einstein set to work. Between 1912 to 1915, he became increasingly obsessed in his push to formalize general relativity. But he got it done. The Einstein Principle Einstein’s push for general relativity highlights an important reality about accomplishment. In a perfect world, we would all be Einsteins. But this doesn’t happen… In Search of Your Own Theory of Relativity Our problem is that we don’t know in advance which project might turn out to be our theory of relativity and which are duds. The Productivity Purge In Conclusion

How To Win An Argument 1200 Free Online Courses from Top Universities Get 1,300 free online courses from the world's leading universities -- Stanford, Yale, MIT, Harvard, Berkeley, Oxford and more. You can download these audio & video courses (often from iTunes, YouTube, or university web sites) straight to your computer or mp3 player. Over 45,000 hours of free audio & video lectures, await you now. Humanities & Social Sciences Art & Art History Courses Classics Courses Ancient and Medieval Philosophy (Syllabus) - Free iTunes Video - Free Online Video - David O'Connor, Notre DameAncient Greece: City and Society - Free iTunes Audio - La Trobe University, AustraliaAncient Greece: Myth, Art & War - Free iTunes Audio - Dr Gillian Shepherd, La Trobe University - AustraliaAncient Greek History - Free Online Course - Donald Kagan, YaleAncient Israel - Free Online Course - Daniel Fleming, NYUAncient Philosophy - Free Online Audio - David Ebrey, UC BerkeleyAncient Wisdom and Modern Love (Syllabus) - Free iTunes Video - Free Online Video - David O'Connor, Notre Dame

How To 'Thrive': Short Commutes, More Happy Hours Dan Buettner spent years seeking out the happiest populations in the world to try to figure out what characteristics they shared. Tightly knit networks of family and friends were key, he found. In Mexico, for example, Buettner found a "family first" mentality that applied to both immediate and extended family helped Mexicans cope in otherwise stressful circumstances. iStockphoto.com hide caption itoggle caption iStockphoto.com iStockphoto.com Many people believe that happiness comes from money or youth or beauty, but Dan Buettner would respectfully disagree. During a five-year study, the National Geographic fellow located the world's happiest places — in Denmark, Singapore, Mexico and California — and researched the characteristics those areas shared that improved the lives of residents. He found six basic domains that govern happiness: community, workplace, social life, financial life, home and self. Interview Highlights On Denmark, where people are happy, even with a 70 percent tax rate

How to Think I wrote a response on quora recently to the question ‘how do I become a better thinker’ that generated a lot of attention and feedback so I thought I’d build on that a little and post it here too. Thinking is not IQ. When people talk about thinking they make the mistake of thinking that people with high IQs think better. That’s not what I’m talking about. If you want to outsmart people who are smarter than you, temperament and life-long learning are more important than IQ. Two of the guiding principles that I follow on my path towards seeking wisdom are: (1) Go to bed smarter than when you woke up; and (2) I’m not smart enough to figure everything out myself, so I want to ‘master the best of what other people have already figured out.’ Acquiring wisdom, is hard. Thinking is hard work. So one effective thing you can do if you want to think better is to become better at probing other people’s thinking. Another thing you can do is to slow down. You should also probe yourself.

Pick Up Physics Object Tutorial Overview This tutorial will show you how to create a blueprint that will allow a player to pick up physics objects, move, and throw them by using Physics Handles. To do this you will need to follow this logic: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Here is the setup that I am currently using. Setting up the blueprint 1. a. 2. a. 3. 4. a. 5. a. 6. a. ABOUT COLLISION RESPONSE CHANNELS: Basically what is happening here is when the physics object is picked up; we set the Collision Response Channel for the Pawn to ignore (covered in section #7). 7. a. 8. a. UPDATE #1: When an object is held and comes to a complete rest, then released; it will stay in the air due to the physics object being put into 'Sleep Mode'. In order to fix this, add a 'Wake Rigid body' node just after the 'Release Component' node in step #1. Thanks to ShenmaKid for finding and helping troubleshoot this error! And that is about it. NOTE: This tutorial has been tested and works correctly with versions 4.5.1, 4.6.1, & 4.7.0 of the editor. Cheers,

Related: