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Pitch (music)

Pitch (music)
In musical notation, the different vertical positions of notes indicate different pitches. Play top & Play bottom Pitch may be quantified as a frequency, but pitch is not a purely objective physical property; it is a subjective psychoacoustical attribute of sound. Historically, the study of pitch and pitch perception has been a central problem in psychoacoustics, and has been instrumental in forming and testing theories of sound representation, processing, and perception in the auditory system.[5] In most cases, the pitch of complex sounds such as speech and musical notes corresponds very nearly to the repetition rate of periodic or nearly-periodic sounds, or to the reciprocal of the time interval between repeating similar events in the sound waveform.[8][9] Pitch depends to a lesser degree on the sound pressure level (loudness, volume) of the tone, especially at frequencies below 1,000 Hz and above 2,000 Hz. The relative perception of pitch can be fooled, resulting in aural illusions. Related:  Music instrumentsTONE SCIENCEagyptianrayne

Pitch TeledyN - have blog :: will travel Just Intonation Toolkit The Just Intonation Toolkit is a resource that allows musicians to hear and play intervals other those found in equal temperament tuning system. Various existing systems of just intonation can be selected and then played either with the computer keyboard, a MIDI keyboard, or from an external application. The intervals can be played as zither sounds, organ sounds, piano sounds, or sine tones. You can also specify your own intervals and save the resulting intonation system as a preset. There are several tuning systems built in: La Monte Young's Well Tuned Piano (1973 tuning) Harry Partch's 43 tone system Harry Partch's proposed 4 string instrument for the comparison of equal temperament with various systems of just intonation Intervals from the 5-limit tonality diamond Greek Mixolydian Scales The tetrachord tunings of Archytas, Eratosthenes and Didymos Greek Mixolydian Scales Ling Lun's pentatonic and 12-note systems The systems implemented are based chiefly on the following texts:

Viola da Gamba - The viola da gamba, or viol, is a bowed string instrument with frets. It is held upright and supported between the legs. Viola da gamba literally means leg viol. It can also be played, as a plucked instrument, across the lap. Generally, it is a six-stringed instrument, but seven-stringed basses are very popular and five-stringed instruments are not rare. The viol is made in different sizes. The viol bow is convex rather than concave like a violin bow. Viol bowing is opposite to violin bowing in all senses. The richness of the instrument is enhanced by the action of the left hand against the frets. The viol appeared in Europe near the end of the 15th century. This popularity inspired a remarkable history of viol composers and performers across Europe and into England. France led European viol playing from 1675 to 1770. The north German and Flemish viol schools were influenced by the French, but the majority of Germany and the Low Countries were influenced by the English consort style.

440 or 442? Orchestra: Which does your orchestra tune to? From Daniel Stone Posted May 11, 2007 at 05:00 AM I think most orchestras in the U.S. tune to 440 but I've heard that some are starting to go up to 442. I know its a small difference but some pianos that I've played with are at 442 and its just enough to throw me off since I'm used to 440. Should I try to get used to both of them? When a string soloist plays with an orchestra, does the soloist ever tune a few cents sharper? I would think that would help the soloist stand out just a wee bit more, and also make him sound slightly brighter, or more cutting, than the section. Is this ever done, or even standard practice? What about with a piano soloist, where the equal-temperment is already mucking things up? >When a string soloist plays with an orchestra, does the soloist ever tune a few cents sharper? Some soloists in fact do that, and it can be heard on several CD recordings. Best,Friedrich The Eastman School groups tune to 442. Cheers! Christian,

Chromatic scale Chromatic scale drawn as a circle: each note is equidistant from its neighbors, separated by a semitone of the same size. The most common conception of the chromatic scale before the 13th century was the Pythagorean chromatic scale. Due to a different tuning technique, the twelve semitones in this scale have two slightly different sizes. Thus, the scale is not perfectly symmetric. Many other tuning systems, developed in the ensuing centuries, share a similar asymmetry. Equally spaced pitches are provided only by equal temperament tuning systems, which are widely used in contemporary music. The term chromatic derives from the Greek word chroma, meaning color. Notation[edit] The chromatic scale may be notated in a variety of ways. Ascending and descending:[1] The chromatic scale has no set spelling agreed upon by all. Non-Western cultures[edit] Total chromatic[edit] See also[edit] Sources[edit] External links[edit] Recommended Reading[edit]

Violas da gamba have a long history The Neuroscience Of Music | Wired Science  Why does music make us feel? On the one hand, music is a purely abstract art form, devoid of language or explicit ideas. The stories it tells are all subtlety and subtext. And yet, even though music says little, it still manages to touch us deep, to tickle some universal nerves. When listening to our favorite songs, our body betrays all the symptoms of emotional arousal. We can now begin to understand where these feelings come from, why a mass of vibrating air hurtling through space can trigger such intense states of excitement. Because the scientists were combining methodologies (PET and fMRI) they were able to obtain an impressively precise portrait of music in the brain. The more interesting finding emerged from a close study of the timing of this response, as the scientists looked to see what was happening in the seconds before the subjects got the chills. In other words, the abstract pitches have become a primal reward cue, the cultural equivalent of a bell that makes us drool.

Collapsible woven refugee shelters powered by the sun More than 40 million people worldwide have been displaced from their homes and left to find shelter in strange lands. Maybe they find a tarp, or a tent, but their quality of life almost always remains dismal. To close this gap in need, Jordanian-Canadian architect and designer Abeer Seikaly designed a new kind of shelter. One that allows refugees to rebuild their lives with dignity. RELATED: Gorgeous shape-shifting shelters for nomads and refugees that move with the weather Seikaly, now living in Amman, Jordan is well poised to design a dwelling for refugees given that her ancestors in Jordan probably toggled between nomadic and sheltered life in the desert for centuries. “The movement of people across the earth led to the discovery of new territories as well as the creation of new communities among strangers forming towns, cities, and nations,” writes Seikaly in her design brief. Related: Stackable shelters by Exo Related: IKEA’s flatpack homes for refugees get a reluctant OK from Lebanon

What's a viola da gamba? The viola da gamba (also called the "viol" or "gamba") is not a fretted cello! It may look like one, but a cello has 4 strings and a viol usually has 6, like a guitar, or 7. In addition, the viol's frets aren't permanently set, like those of a guitar, but are instead made of gut tied onto the neck, like those of a lute, and are therefore movable. Viols are bowed, like cellos, but the bow is held differently-not overhand, as is a violin or cello bow, but underhand, like a pencil or chopsticks. Viols are also tuned differently than are cellos. Like the cello, the bass viola da gamba is part of a family. Viols have a long history. The sound of the viol is sweet and shimmering, quieter than that of violins, violas, or cellos. Composers for the viol include J.S.

Study Suggests How Music Fools the Ear The Chaldaick Oracles of Zoroaster (Stanley, 1661) This digital edition by Joseph H. Peterson, Copyright © 1999. All rights reserved. Note: Comments by JHP added in []. The Chaldaick Oracles of And his Followers With the Expositions of Pletho and Psellus Edited and translated to English by Thomas Stanley LondonPrinted for Thomas Dring, 1661 Collected by Franciscus Patricius. Where the Paternal Monad is. The Monad is enlarged, which generates two. For the Duad sits by him, and glitters with Intellectual Sections. And to govern all Things, and to Order every thing not Ordered, For in the whole World shineth the Triad, over which the Monad Rules. This Order is the beginning of all Section. For the Mind of the Father said, that All things be cut into three, Whose Will assented, and then All things were divided. For the Mind of the Eternal Father said into three, Governing all things by the Mind. And there appeared in it [the Triad] Virtue and wisdome, And Multiscient Verity. This Way floweth the shape of the Triad, being præ-existent. Life from several Vehicles.

Viola Music that is written for the viola differs from that of most other instruments, in that it primarily uses the alto clef, which is otherwise rarely used. Viola music employs the treble clef when there are substantial sections of music written in a higher register. The viola occasionally has a major role in orchestral music. The "MacDonald" Stradivarius viola, one of only 10 surviving violas made by Antonio Stradivari, and which was once played by Peter Schidlof, will have an initial asking price of $45 million when it is put up for sale at Sotheby's in spring 2014. Form[edit] The viola is similar in material and construction to the violin. Experiments have tended to increase the size of the viola, in the interest of improving the instrument's sound. More recent (and more radically shaped) innovations have addressed the ergonomic problems associated with playing the viola by making it shorter and lighter, while finding ways to keep the traditional sound. Method of playing[edit] Music[edit]

Notes & Neurons: Music, Emotion & The Brain by Maria Popova From axons to a cappella, or why music gives us chills and thrills. Music is easily the widest-reaching, most universal emotional facilitator. Anecdotally, it shapes so many of life’s everyday experiences: An epic movie would fall flat without a cinematic soundtrack, a party without dance music is unthinkable, and a run without an upbeat playlist feels somehow much more tiresome. Scientifically, music has been shown to impact anything from our alertness and relaxation to our memory to our physical and emotional well-being. Today, we take a look at just how music affects our brain and emotion, with Notes & Neurons: In Search of a Common Chorus — a fascinating event from the 2009 World Science Festival. But before we launch into the geekier portion, here’s a quick improvised treat from phenomenal jazz and a cappella performer Bobby McFerrin, who embodies the intimate relationship between music and the human element. Share on Tumblr