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Pitch (music)

Pitch (music)
In musical notation, the different vertical positions of notes indicate different pitches. Play top & Play bottom Pitch may be quantified as a frequency, but pitch is not a purely objective physical property; it is a subjective psychoacoustical attribute of sound. Historically, the study of pitch and pitch perception has been a central problem in psychoacoustics, and has been instrumental in forming and testing theories of sound representation, processing, and perception in the auditory system.[5] In most cases, the pitch of complex sounds such as speech and musical notes corresponds very nearly to the repetition rate of periodic or nearly-periodic sounds, or to the reciprocal of the time interval between repeating similar events in the sound waveform.[8][9] Pitch depends to a lesser degree on the sound pressure level (loudness, volume) of the tone, especially at frequencies below 1,000 Hz and above 2,000 Hz. The relative perception of pitch can be fooled, resulting in aural illusions. Related:  Music instrumentsTONE SCIENCEagyptianrayne

Pitch TeledyN - have blog :: will travel Just Intonation Toolkit The Just Intonation Toolkit is a resource that allows musicians to hear and play intervals other those found in equal temperament tuning system. Various existing systems of just intonation can be selected and then played either with the computer keyboard, a MIDI keyboard, or from an external application. The intervals can be played as zither sounds, organ sounds, piano sounds, or sine tones. You can also specify your own intervals and save the resulting intonation system as a preset. There are several tuning systems built in: La Monte Young's Well Tuned Piano (1973 tuning) Harry Partch's 43 tone system Harry Partch's proposed 4 string instrument for the comparison of equal temperament with various systems of just intonation Intervals from the 5-limit tonality diamond Greek Mixolydian Scales The tetrachord tunings of Archytas, Eratosthenes and Didymos Greek Mixolydian Scales Ling Lun's pentatonic and 12-note systems The systems implemented are based chiefly on the following texts:

Tone, Pitches, and Notes in Singing Whether you sing just for fun or you dream of performing professionally, you can count on frequently encountering three terms: pitch, note, and tone. These three terms are often incorrectly used interchangeably, but understanding their true relationship to one another may make your journey through the world of singing less confusing. Pitch is the high or low frequency of a sound. When you sing, you create pitch because your vocal cords vibrate at a certain speed. As an example, a foghorn emits a low frequency or pitch, whereas the sound your smoke detector emits when you press the test button is a high frequency or pitch.In singing, when your vocal cords vibrate at a faster speed, you sing a higher pitch than when they vibrate more slowly. The A just above Middle C vibrates at 440 cycles per second — your vocal cords open and close 440 times per second. Based on these definitions, it makes more sense to say that someone is pitch deaf rather than tone deaf. Guitars Glossary 12/8 groove

Viola da Gamba - The viola da gamba, or viol, is a bowed string instrument with frets. It is held upright and supported between the legs. Viola da gamba literally means leg viol. It can also be played, as a plucked instrument, across the lap. Generally, it is a six-stringed instrument, but seven-stringed basses are very popular and five-stringed instruments are not rare. The viol is made in different sizes. The viol bow is convex rather than concave like a violin bow. Viol bowing is opposite to violin bowing in all senses. The richness of the instrument is enhanced by the action of the left hand against the frets. The viol appeared in Europe near the end of the 15th century. This popularity inspired a remarkable history of viol composers and performers across Europe and into England. France led European viol playing from 1675 to 1770. The north German and Flemish viol schools were influenced by the French, but the majority of Germany and the Low Countries were influenced by the English consort style.

440 or 442? Orchestra: Which does your orchestra tune to? From Daniel Stone Posted May 11, 2007 at 05:00 AM I think most orchestras in the U.S. tune to 440 but I've heard that some are starting to go up to 442. I know its a small difference but some pianos that I've played with are at 442 and its just enough to throw me off since I'm used to 440. Should I try to get used to both of them? When a string soloist plays with an orchestra, does the soloist ever tune a few cents sharper? I would think that would help the soloist stand out just a wee bit more, and also make him sound slightly brighter, or more cutting, than the section. Is this ever done, or even standard practice? What about with a piano soloist, where the equal-temperment is already mucking things up? >When a string soloist plays with an orchestra, does the soloist ever tune a few cents sharper? Some soloists in fact do that, and it can be heard on several CD recordings. Best,Friedrich The Eastman School groups tune to 442. Cheers! Christian,

Chromatic scale Chromatic scale drawn as a circle: each note is equidistant from its neighbors, separated by a semitone of the same size. The most common conception of the chromatic scale before the 13th century was the Pythagorean chromatic scale. Due to a different tuning technique, the twelve semitones in this scale have two slightly different sizes. Thus, the scale is not perfectly symmetric. Many other tuning systems, developed in the ensuing centuries, share a similar asymmetry. Equally spaced pitches are provided only by equal temperament tuning systems, which are widely used in contemporary music. The term chromatic derives from the Greek word chroma, meaning color. Notation[edit] The chromatic scale may be notated in a variety of ways. Ascending and descending:[1] The chromatic scale has no set spelling agreed upon by all. Non-Western cultures[edit] Total chromatic[edit] See also[edit] Sources[edit] External links[edit] Recommended Reading[edit]

Difference Between Pitches and Notes Question: What are the two pitches in music called? Albert's reply: There aren't just two pitches in music, there are as many pitches as there are colors. Yet pitches aren't the same as notes. A given note can be tuned to a different pitch. This means that it can be adjusted slightly higher or lower, but not enough to be a different note altogether. (It's actually somewhat more complex than that, but I don't want to confuse beginners.) Fortunately, in virtually all of Western music, we can reduce all the possible notes to only 12. However, we can reduce these still further to only the white keys. The white keys play the naturals: A, B, C, D, E, F and G: These are the primary notes in Western music, meaning that others (those with sharps or flats) are derived from them. To help you understand the difference between notes and pitches, think of a rainbow. Yet a rainbow actually has an infinite number of colors since they comprise the entire color spectrum. Related lessons

Violas da gamba have a long history The Neuroscience Of Music | Wired Science  Why does music make us feel? On the one hand, music is a purely abstract art form, devoid of language or explicit ideas. The stories it tells are all subtlety and subtext. And yet, even though music says little, it still manages to touch us deep, to tickle some universal nerves. When listening to our favorite songs, our body betrays all the symptoms of emotional arousal. We can now begin to understand where these feelings come from, why a mass of vibrating air hurtling through space can trigger such intense states of excitement. Because the scientists were combining methodologies (PET and fMRI) they were able to obtain an impressively precise portrait of music in the brain. The more interesting finding emerged from a close study of the timing of this response, as the scientists looked to see what was happening in the seconds before the subjects got the chills. In other words, the abstract pitches have become a primal reward cue, the cultural equivalent of a bell that makes us drool.

Collapsible woven refugee shelters powered by the sun More than 40 million people worldwide have been displaced from their homes and left to find shelter in strange lands. Maybe they find a tarp, or a tent, but their quality of life almost always remains dismal. To close this gap in need, Jordanian-Canadian architect and designer Abeer Seikaly designed a new kind of shelter. One that allows refugees to rebuild their lives with dignity. RELATED: Gorgeous shape-shifting shelters for nomads and refugees that move with the weather Seikaly, now living in Amman, Jordan is well poised to design a dwelling for refugees given that her ancestors in Jordan probably toggled between nomadic and sheltered life in the desert for centuries. “The movement of people across the earth led to the discovery of new territories as well as the creation of new communities among strangers forming towns, cities, and nations,” writes Seikaly in her design brief. Related: Stackable shelters by Exo Related: IKEA’s flatpack homes for refugees get a reluctant OK from Lebanon

Meridian - Explorer - Digital to Analog Converter-Audio Advisor "Very Highly Recommended" - Stereophile "Five Stars" - What Hi-fi? Magazine "Excellent Value" Asynchronous USB DAC Digital media form an increasingly popular source of entertainment with superb ease of access. The Meridian Explorer replaces your computer’s sound card with a USB-powered DAC, featuring Meridian’s high quality audio circuitry and a design derived from Meridian’s award-winning Reference Series components. Explorer's USB connection is asynchronous, ensuring you the highest quality, low jitter results from your digital files with a maximum resolution of 24-bit/192 kHz. "Instantly Impressive" In his September 1, 2013 review for Stereophile, Art Dudley calls the Explorer "a remarkably good addition to a burgeoning field -- and an excellent value. Listening to the classic bluegrass album Appalachian Swing! "Five Stars" from What Hi-fi? England's What Hi-fi? "A Shining Example of Design Elegance" "Beautiful and Satisfying" Inside the Explorer Attention to Detail Analog Volume Control

What's a viola da gamba? The viola da gamba (also called the "viol" or "gamba") is not a fretted cello! It may look like one, but a cello has 4 strings and a viol usually has 6, like a guitar, or 7. In addition, the viol's frets aren't permanently set, like those of a guitar, but are instead made of gut tied onto the neck, like those of a lute, and are therefore movable. Viols are bowed, like cellos, but the bow is held differently-not overhand, as is a violin or cello bow, but underhand, like a pencil or chopsticks. Viols are also tuned differently than are cellos. Like the cello, the bass viola da gamba is part of a family. Viols have a long history. The sound of the viol is sweet and shimmering, quieter than that of violins, violas, or cellos. Composers for the viol include J.S.

Study Suggests How Music Fools the Ear