The principle of linguistic relativity holds that the structure of a language affects the ways in which its respective speakers conceptualize their world, i.e. their world view, or otherwise influences their cognitive processes. Popularly known as the Sapir–Whorf hypothesis, or Whorfianism, the principle is often defined to include two versions: Strong version: that language determines thought and that linguistic categories limit and determine cognitive categoriesWeak version: that linguistic categories and usage influence thought and certain kinds of non-linguistic behaviour. The term "Sapir–Whorf hypothesis" is a misnomer, because Edward Sapir and Benjamin Lee Whorf never co-authored anything, and never stated their ideas in terms of a hypothesis. Definitional issues and debates The concept of linguistic relativity holds that cognitive processes, such as thought and experience, may be influenced by the categories and patterns of the language a person speaks. History
Related: Linguistics and Language processing
Neurolinguistics: Language and biologyNeurolinguistics: Language and biology Central Nervous System Peripheral Nervous System basic cellular unit (chemical transmission, neurotransmitters dopamine, serotonin, acetylcholine) 1. Neurology: the science and medicine of the brain (related to neuron = brain cell). Neuroscience: just the science part of neurology, plus (sometimes) the study of artificial neural networks (i.e. connectionism). Neuropsychology: a branch of neurology that deals with the connections between the brain and behavior, using cognitive psychological models. Neurolinguistics: a branch of neuropsychology that deals with language. The major parts are: Cerebellum: the little brain near the back Cerebrum: the famous part of the brain. All vertebrates have this characteristic. More about the cortex: Not everything happens in this cortical system; there are also subcortical connections: neural pathways that lead directly from one part of the cortex to another (like a "secret passage"). Cortical wrinkles: terminology: 2. 3.
Fourier seriesIn mathematics, a Fourier series (English pronunciation: /ˈfɔərieɪ/) decomposes periodic functions or periodic signals into the sum of a (possibly infinite) set of simple oscillating functions, namely sines and cosines (or complex exponentials). The Discrete-time Fourier transform is a periodic function, often defined in terms of a Fourier series. And the Z-transform reduces to a Fourier series for the important case |z|=1. History The Fourier series is named in honour of Jean-Baptiste Joseph Fourier (1768–1830), who made important contributions to the study of trigonometric series, after preliminary investigations by Leonhard Euler, Jean le Rond d'Alembert, and Daniel Bernoulli. The heat equation is a partial differential equation. Definition is a periodic function with period P. Function s(x) (in red) is a sum of six sine functions of different amplitudes and harmonically related frequencies. we can also write the function in these equivalent forms: where: approximates on .
SemioticsIs your Brand using the right Symbols? Our world is full of symbols, and we are all surrounded by symbols and signs every hour of every day. Our brains constantly use signs and symbols to access mental shortcuts. These shortcuts allow us to simplify and manage the world in all its complexity. 11 Brand Colours and their Meanings “There is no model; there is only colour” - Paul Cezanne Earlier this month, Cadbury lost the fight to fully trademark their distinctive purple colour (although it is uniquely theirs for chocolate). Colours are powerful weapons in any branding toolkit and rich with meanings. The Semiotics of Market Research Agencies (Part 2) We know what the big global agencies think about themselves (read here), but what about the smaller global and regional agencies in Asia? The Meaning of Grey – the Colour of Age and Wisdom “Regrets are the natural property of grey hairs.” - Charles Dickens “I am black or white, I’ll never be grey in my life.” - Diego Maradona Read more »
How To Harmonize Your Dual-Boot Setup for Windows and UbuntuLooking for some harmony between Windows 7 and Ubuntu in your dual-boot setup? Here are a few ways you can make the tense OS situation a little more unified and copacetic. Background When we covered How to Choose a Partition Scheme for Your Linux PC, we noticed that some people were wondering how to use a third partition between Linux and Windows to act as a storage partition. Why It’s Difficult As a few commenters pointed out, you can’t use an NTFS-formatted partition for /home in Linux. Image from cellguru.co.cc, assumed fair use A Work-Around There isn’t a way to run your /home directory from a FAT32 or NTFS partition, so your configuration files and scripts will have to remain there. This isn’t a proper workaround. Linux has come a long way with regards to reading and writing NTFS, and since it’s much better than FAT32 and tougher to configure this setup with, that’s what we’ll be covering in this guide. Partition Scheme Auto-Mount Your Storage Partition (Linux) Prep Work fstab sudo blkid
Symbols, Signs, Metaphors and Meanings“Culture is the collective programming of the mind.” - Geert Hofstede A world of symbols What makes us all so interesting to researchers and marketers is our enquiring mind, and nothing shows this more vividly than the web of beliefs and ideas that we have created to make meaning from the complexity of the world around us. A very important part of this framework is the vocabulary of signs and symbols that help remind us of our link to the world and each other. Signs are quite straightforward in their function of providing a visual language to help us understand the dangers ahead on the road, the feelings of a friend or the key benefits of a brand (signs are mainly but not always visual and may also be communicated through other senses). Symbols are more complex as they may represent a more abstract idea. The symbol above is Ankh, also known as the key of life, which represented eternal life to the ancient Egyptians. The origin of symbols Symbols of today What does it mean? Marketing signs
App Store Allmyapps - Windows Application Store for Desktop and Web AppsLANGUAGES ON THE WEB - THE ONE AND ONLY WEB SITE TO LEARN FOREIGN LANGUAGES ONLINEInvent Your Own Computer Games with Python - Learn how to program with a free ebook programming tutorialZoltán Dörnyei’s Personal WebsiteLanguage Files: Materials for an Introduction to Language and Linguistics, 11th Edition (9780814251799): Vedrana Mihalicek, Christin Wilson: BooksLanguage electives pathway : Modern languages electives : ... : Sussex Centre for Language StudiesLanguage pathways are open to undergraduates studying for a single honours degree course. Languages offered The following languages are offered as electives: ArabicBritish Sign Language and Deaf CultureMandarin ChineseFrenchGermanItalianJapaneseSpanish Pathway structure Two pathways are offered: A two year 60 credit pathwayA three year 90 credit pathway A two year pathway leads to an award of '... with proficiency in (a language)'; or '... with French/Spanish for Professional Purposes' For example: BA (Hons) in International Relations with proficiency in Arabic (Intermediate) BA (Hons) in Film Studies with Spanish for Professional Purposes A three year pathway leads to an award of ‘… with (a language)’ For example: BA (Hons) in History with Italian (CEFR B2) BSc (Hons) in Business and Management Studies with Mandarin Chinese (CEFR B2) BSc (Hons) in Psychology with French (CEFR C1). There are three entry levels available. Professional Purposes Pathway What you will achieve etc. Career opportunities
Indo-European - Proto-Indo-European and Modern Indo-European LexiconProto-Indo-European -- English, English -- Proto-Indo-European Etymological Lexicon Current Version: 6 (1 OCT 2012) You can read and contribute to the Reader Reviews A complete and detailed English -- Proto-Indo-European dictionary from an Excel file is provided in two PDF files in A4 paper size: The Proto-Indo-European Lexicon (6.02 Mb), which offers detailed descriptions of the reconstructed PIE words and its correct usage. Or download from our account at Dropbox The Proto-Indo-European Etymology (8.41 Mb), which offers derivatives and relatives of the reconstructed PIE words in the different branches. Also available for quick reference are the Indo-European Dictionary-Translator tool for Proto-Indo-European -- English, English -- Proto-Indo-European machine translation and dictionary reference tool. Indo-European Word Formation Paradigm Please note: these are the first versions released. Current Version: 1 (01/7/2007) Indo-European Demonstrative and Indefinite Pronouns Versions' Changes