La Dialectique éristique Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Définition[modifier | modifier le code] « La dialectique éristique est l'art de la controverse. » Cet art repose sur la distinction entre la vérité objective d'une proposition et l'apparence de vérité que cette proposition peut prendre aux yeux des disputeurs et des auditeurs. La finalité de cet art est de fournir des moyens pour parvenir à cette dernière apparence, afin de convaincre les auditeurs que l'on a raison, même si l'on a objectivement tort. Causes et fonctions de la dialectique[modifier | modifier le code] Si les hommes étaient honnêtes, il n'y aurait pas de dialectique. la malhonnêteté ;la vanité ;le fait de parler avant de réfléchir ;l'obstination dans l'erreur. Une autre cause est que l'expérience enseigne que lorsque nos arguments en faveur d'une thèse sont réfutés, il pourra toujours se trouver un nouvel argument qui nous donnera finalement raison. Donc, en résumé, il s'agit : Place de la vérité[modifier | modifier le code] 1. 2.
“What Would You Say to an Alien?” The American Culture Portfolio | <a href=" Writing Instructor</a> Publication History: The Writing Instructor, December 2001 I would say, “Let me show you what it means to be human.” And then I would take them to the theater, the symphony hall, the opera house, the movies, the museums. I would…read poems, tell stories…take them to see the paintings of da Vinci, Georgia O’Keefe, and Picasso, to a Greek tragedy or a comedy by Shakespeare, to hear Louis Armstrong, Mozart, and Oklahoma! Shown these answers to the question, “What would you say to an alien?” This lesson, created and taught by a small group of students for a college class of future English teachers, was part of a longer project, “Aliens: The Media’s Meaning.” When students of any age immerse themselves in a topic of their choice, it’s only another natural step for them to teach this material to their peers. In the following sections, I will explain what students create and what they actually do. Exploring Venus (and America): What Do Students Do? Diving into Artifacts. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
Wikileaks' Julian Assange and Conspiracy Theories By Michael Collins "I'm constantly annoyed that people are distracted by false conspiracies such as 9/11, when all around we provide evidence of real conspiracies, for war or mass financial fraud." Julian Asange, Wikileaks, July 19 (Image right) John Young was one of the co-founders of Wikileaks. He quickly left the organization in disagreement with some of its policies (CNET). "These essays on conspiracies by Julian Assange (firstname.lastname@example.org) were retrieved today from his website iq.org. The essay titles indicate an entirely different take on conspiracies than that indicated by Assange in his 9/11 comments. State and Terrorist Conspiracies me @ iq.org November 10, 2006 Conspiracy as Governance me @ iq.org December 3, 2006 In the second essay, Conspiracy as Governance, Assange outlines the centrality of conspiracies to maintaining elites. Assange proceeds to define conspiracies as "cognitive devices" that are able to "out think the same group of individuals acting alone."
The Self-Attribution Fallacy Intelligence? Talent? No, the ultra-rich got to where they are through luck and brutality. By George Monbiot. If wealth was the inevitable result of hard work and enterprise, every woman in Africa would be a millionaire. The findings of the psychologist Daniel Kahneman, winner of a Nobel economics prize, are devastating to the beliefs that financial high-fliers entertain about themselves(1). Such results have been widely replicated. So much for the financial sector and its super-educated analysts. In a study published by the journal Psychology, Crime and Law, Belinda Board and Katarina Fritzon tested 39 senior managers and chief executives from leading British businesses(3). The psychopathic traits on which the bosses scored so highly, Board and Fritzon point out, closely resemble the characteristics that companies look for. This is not to suggest that all executives are psychopaths. Until recently, we were mesmerised by the bosses’ self-attribution. This is now changing. References: 3.
Rhetoric Painting depicting a lecture in a knight academy, painted by Pieter Isaacsz or Reinhold Timm for Rosenborg Castle as part of a series of seven paintings depicting the seven independent arts. This painting illustrates rhetorics. From Ancient Greece to the late 19th century, it was a central part of Western education, filling the need to train public speakers and writers to move audiences to action with arguments. The word is derived from the Greek ῥητορικός (rhētorikós), "oratorical", from ῥήτωρ (rhḗtōr), "public speaker", related to ῥῆμα (rhêma), "that which is said or spoken, word, saying", and ultimately derived from the verb ἐρῶ (erō), "say, speak". Uses of rhetoric Scope of rhetoric Scholars have debated the scope of rhetoric since ancient times. Because the ancient Greeks highly valued public political participation, rhetoric emerged as a crucial tool to influence politics. However, since the time of Aristotle, logic has changed.
Language and power Introduction This guide is written for students who are following GCE Advanced level (AS and A2) syllabuses in English Language. This resource may also be of general interest to language students on university degree courses, trainee teachers and anyone with a general interest in language science. On this page I use red type for emphasis. Back to top What do the examiners say about this subject? Back to top of page What is it all about? One obvious feature of how language operates in social interactions is its relationship with power, both influential and instrumental. In some spheres of social activity, such as politics or law, both kinds of power may be present at the same time: we are subject to laws (enforced by penalties), but some legal processes, such as trial by jury, rely on attempts to persuade. Politicians impose laws, taxes, and bureaucratic systems (instrumental power) but seek to influence us to endorse their policies or turn out to vote for them (influential power). George W.
Political consulting Political consulting, beyond the self-evident definition of consulting in political matters, refers to a specific management consulting industry which has grown up around advising and assisting political campaigns. This article deals primarily with the development and nature of political consulting in the United States. Though their most important role is arguably in the development and production of mass media (largely television and direct mail), political consultants advise campaigns on virtually all of their activities, from opposition research and voter polling to field strategy and get out the vote efforts. Origins The practice of consulting has several early antecedents. In the subsequent years, political consulting has grown in importance and influence and has extended its reach to campaigns at all levels of government in the United States, and beyond. Nature of work Political consultants act as public relations specialists, salespeople and managers. Criticisms
Logical Fallacies Rhétorique Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Au-delà de cette définition générale, la rhétorique a connu au cours de son histoire une tension entre deux conceptions antagonistes, la rhétorique comme art de la persuasion et la rhétorique comme art de l'éloquence. La rhétorique grecque, telle qu'elle fut pratiquée par les sophistes et codifiée par Aristote, se préoccupait principalement de persuader. Dans l'Antiquité romaine, se fait jour une nouvelle conception de la rhétorique comme art de bien dire « bene dicendi scientia » selon les mots de l'orateur romain Quintilien. A l'époque classique, la rhétorique s'étend à l'étude des textes écrits, et notamment aux textes littéraires et dramatiques, la conception romaine de la rhétorique l'emporte progressivement sur la conception grecque. Problématiques de la rhétorique[modifier | modifier le code] Polémiques autour d'une définition[modifier | modifier le code] Rhétorique et argumentation[modifier | modifier le code] Pour J.
Companion Website for Writing Arguments: A Rhetoric with Readings, Brief Edition by John D. Ramage, John C. Bean, and June Johnson Companion Website created by June Johnson, Seattle University Welcome to the Companion Website designed to accompany Writing Arguments, Brief, and Concise Edition, Second Edition. For students, this new material provides opportunities beyond the assignments and exercises in the text to develop skills in reading and writing arguments. Writer's Toolbox for Building Arguments Reading and writing strategies that can help you throughout your argument course with many different writing projects. For instructors, this site offers useful material adapted from the Instructor's Manual for Writing Arguments. To get started, please select a chapter or section from the list below and press the "begin" button. For more information on this text, visit its catalog page
Media manipulation Media manipulation is a series of related techniques in which partisans create an image or argument that favours their particular interests. Such tactics may include the use of logical fallacies and propaganda techniques, and often involve the suppression of information or points of view by crowding them out, by inducing other people or groups of people to stop listening to certain arguments, or by simply diverting attention elsewhere. In Propaganda: The Formation of Men's Attitudes, Jacques Ellul writes that public opinion can only express itself through channels which are provided by the mass media of communication-without which there could be no propaganda. It is used within public relations, propaganda, marketing, etc. While the objective for each context is quite different, the broad techniques are often similar. As illustrated below, many of the more modern mass media manipulation methods are types of distraction, on the assumption that the public has a limited attention span.
Fallacies Dr. Michael C. Labossiere, the author of a Macintosh tutorial named Fallacy Tutorial Pro 3.0, has kindly agreed to allow the text of his work to appear on the Nizkor site, as a Nizkor Feature. It remains © Copyright 1995 Michael C. Labossiere, with distribution restrictions -- please see our copyright notice. If you have questions or comments about this work, please direct them both to the Nizkor webmasters (email@example.com) and to Dr. Other sites that list and explain fallacies include: Constructing a Logical Argument Description of Fallacies In order to understand what a fallacy is, one must understand what an argument is. There are two main types of arguments: deductive and inductive. A fallacy is, very generally, an error in reasoning.
Figurez-vous que vous avez du style! On pourrait croire que les figures de style sont l’apanage des grands auteurs et des professeurs de français qui prennent plaisir à tourmenter leurs étudiants... Pourtant, chacun de nous emploie quotidiennement plusieurs procédés stylistiques. Sans même y penser, nous agrémentons notre discours de métaphores, de métonymies ou d’ellipses. C’est pourquoi nous vous invitons à découvrir quelques procédés stylistiques... que vous connaissez peut-être déjà, sans le savoir. Lorsque vous connaîtrez mieux les figures de style, pourquoi ne pas tester vos connaissances et faire une grille de mots croisés sur le sujet?
Steven Pinker on Scientific Communication for the 21st Century Steven Pinker: "The Sense of Style: Scientific Communication for the 21st Century"Harvard College Professor, and Johnstone Family Professor, Department of Psychology, Harvard University Let's face it: most scientists are terrible communicators. Why do the world's most cerebral people find it so hard to convey their ideas? The first annual Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering lecture about communicating complex scientific and technological subjects clearly and engagingly in the series: "Communicating Science and Technology in the 21st Century." Recorded on 9/12/12 credit Nuclear Science and Engineering license MIT TechTV