background preloader

Gautama Buddha

Gautama Buddha
The word Buddha means "awakened one" or "the enlightened one". "Buddha" is also used as a title for the first awakened being in an era. In most Buddhist traditions, Siddhartha Gautama is regarded as the Supreme Buddha (Pali sammāsambuddha, Sanskrit samyaksaṃbuddha) of our age.[note 6] Gautama taught a Middle Way between sensual indulgence and the severe asceticism found in the Sramana (renunciation) movement common in his region. He later taught throughout regions of eastern India such as Magadha and Kośala. Gautama is the primary figure in Buddhism and accounts of his life, discourses, and monastic rules are believed by Buddhists to have been summarized after his death and memorized by his followers. Historical Siddhārtha Gautama[edit] Ancient kingdoms and cities of India during the time of Buddha. Scholars are hesitant to make unqualified claims about the historical facts of the Buddha's life. The times of Gautama's birth and death are uncertain. Traditional biographies[edit]

Women In Buddhism Part III, by Rev. Patti Nakai by Rev. Patti Nakai Part Three: The Power and Participation of Women in Mahayana Buddhism In the last installment, I talked about the early form of Buddhism called Theravada ("the elders"). This form was later called Hinayana ("small vehicle") by the movement which developed a few hundred years after Buddha's death. Northern India (Ghandara) While Theravada Buddhism became established in southern India and neighboring countries, Mahayana flourished in northern India. China Mahayana Buddhism spread to China from Central Asia. Japan Ironically, when Buddhism was first established in Japan in the 6th century, the three sutras emphasized by Prince Shotoku were the Lotus Sutra, Vimalakirti Sutra and the Queen Srimala Sutra. In one episode of the Vimalakirti Sutra, a woman creates the illusion of changing bodies with one of the Buddha's disciples in order to prove that the physical form of a person has nothing to do with their spiritual insight. Library Menu | Home

Buddhism Indian religion or philosophy based on the Buddha's teachings Buddhism ( BUU-dih-zəm, BOOD-), also known as Buddha Dharma and Dharmavinaya (transl. "doctrines and disciplines"), is an Indian religion or philosophical tradition based on teachings attributed to the Buddha.[3] It originated in present-day North India as a śramaṇa–movement in the 5th century BCE, and gradually spread throughout much of Asia via the Silk Road. It is the world's fourth-largest religion,[4] with over 520 million followers (Buddhists) who comprise seven percent of the global population.[7] Two major extant branches of Buddhism are generally recognized by scholars: Theravāda (lit. 'School of the Elders') and Mahāyāna (lit. Etymology Buddhism is an Indian religion[22] or philosophy. Followers of Buddhism, called Buddhists in English, referred to themselves as Sakyan-s or Sakyabhiksu in ancient India.[25][26] Buddhist scholar Donald S. The Buddha Worldview Four Noble Truths – dukkha and its ending The cycle of rebirth

Shakya Shakya (Sanskrit: Śākya, Devanagari: शाक्य, Pāli: Sākya) is a Suryavanshi [1] Kshatriya [2] clan of the ancient Vedic period(1500-500 BCE). The name is derived from the Sanskrit word śakya which means capable, able. The Genealogy of Shakyas is found in Book IV of the Vishnu Purana,[3] the Bhagavata Purana[4] and the Brahma Purana.[5] The Śākyas formed an independent republican state, known as Sakya Gaṇa-rājya. The most famous Shakya was the prince Siddhartha Shakya (5th century BCE) who was the founder of Buddhism and came to be known as Gautama Buddha. History[edit] The accounts of the Purāṇas[edit] Descendants of Kusha, son of Lord Rama (Bhagavata Purana) Descendants of Kusha (..continued) (Bhagavata Purana). The Genealogy of Shakyas is found in Book IV of the Vishnu Purana,[3] the Bhagavata Purana[4] and the Brahma Purana.[5] King Shakya was one of the last descendants of Ikshvaku dynasty, commonly known as Suryavansha, as Ikshvaku was the grandson of Vivasvan (Surya). Kapilavastu

Budismo Origem: Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre. Budismo (páli/sânscrito: बौद्ध धर्म Buddha Dharma) é uma religião[1] e filosofia[1] [2] não-teísta[1] que abrange uma variedade de tradições, crenças e práticas, baseadas nos ensinamentos atribuídos a Siddhartha Gautama, mais conhecido como Buda (páli/sânscrito: "O Iluminado"). Buda viveu e desenvolveu seus ensinamentos no nordeste do subcontinente indiano, entre os séculos VI e IV a. C.[3] . Ele é reconhecido pelos adeptos como um mestre iluminado que compartilhou suas ideias para ajudar os seres sencientes a alcançar o fim do sofrimento (ou Dukkha), alcançando o Nirvana (páli: Nibbana) e escapando do que é visto como um ciclo de sofrimento do renascimento.[4] Os ensinamentos de Buda Shakyamuni chegaram ao Tibete pela primeira vez no século V. As quatro escolas; posteriormente, após um período em que um dos reis tentou dizimar o budismo do país, houve um novo fluxo de mestres indianos e novas traduções de textos sagrados.

Buddhism: What should someone read to start learning about Buddhism The Buddhist Blog Dhamma Lists The Four Noble Truths Dukkha exists – unsatisfactoriness, suffering, discontent, stress (to be Investigated)The cause or origin of dukkha is craving (tanha-lit. thirst) or clinging (to be Abandoned)Dukkha ceases with the relinquishment of that craving (to be Realized)The path leading to the cessation of dukkha is the Noble Eightfold Path (to be Developed) The Eightfold Path (ariya-magga) Wisdom/Discernment (pañña) Wise or Right View/Understanding (samma-ditthi) – Knowledge of the Four Noble TruthsWise or Right Intention/Resolve (sammá-sankappa) – Renunciation, Loving-kindness, Harmlessness Virtue (sila) Wise or Right Speech (sammá-vácá) – abstaining from lying, malicious or divisive speech, abusive or harsh speech, and idle chatterWise or Right Action (sammá-kammanta) – abstaining from killing, stealing and sexual misconductWise or Right Livelihood (sammá-ájíva) – abstaining from dishonest and harmful means of livelihood Concentration/Meditation (samadhi) Three Types of Dukkha Five Precepts

Articles Dharma Stories by Gil Fronsdal Sutta Translations Metta Sutta translated by Gil FronsdalAnapanasati Sutta – MN 118 (PDF) translated by Gil FronsdalAlternate translation by Thanissaro BhikkhuSatipatthana Sutta – MN 10 (PDF) translated by Gil FronsdalAlternate Translations: Nyanasatta Thera , Soma Thera, Thanissaro BhikkhuKayagatasati Sutta – Mindfulness Directed to the Body – MN 119 (PDF) translated by Gil FronsdalAlternate translation by Thanissaro BhikkhuAn Auspicious Day translated by Gil FronsdalThe Mind Made Safe translated by Gil Fronsdal Interviews & Commentaries by Gil Fronsdal Translations Translations of Gil Fronsdal’s book, The Issue at Hand, can be found here. French Translations German Translations Other Translations