Japan i/dʒəˈpæn/ (Japanese: 日本 Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku, literally the "State of Japan") is an island nation in East Asia. Archaeological research indicates that people lived in Japan as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. Periodic insurrections and civil disturbances continued into the 1870s. Etymology The English word Japan derives from the Chinese pronunciation of the Japanese name, 日本 , which in Japanese is pronounced Nippon listen or Nihon listen . From the Meiji Restoration until the end of World War II, the full title of Japan was Dai Nippon Teikoku (大日本帝國?) The English word for Japan came to the West via early trade routes. History Prehistory and ancient history A Paleolithic culture around 30,000 BC constitutes the first known habitation of the Japanese archipelago. The Nara period (710–784) of the 8th century marked the emergence of a strong Japanese state, centered on an imperial court in Heijō-kyō (modern Nara). Feudal era Re-engraved map of Japan
KoreaKorea (Korean: 한국; Hanja: 韓國), pronounced as Hanguk in South Korean and Chosŏn in North Korean, is an East Asian territory that is divided into two distinct sovereign states, North Korea and South Korea. Located on the Korean Peninsula, Korea is bordered by China to the northwest and Russia to the northeast. It is separated from Japan to the east by the Korea Strait and the Sea of Japan (East Sea); it is separated from Taiwan to the south by the East China Sea. The adoption of the Chinese writing system ("Hanja" in Korean) in the 2nd century BC and the introduction of Buddhism in the 4th century AD had profound effects on the Three Kingdoms of Korea, which was first united during the Silla (57 BC – AD 935) under the King Munmu. The united Silla fell to Goryeo in 935 at the end of the Later Three Kingdoms. Goryeo was a highly cultured state and created the Jikji in the 14th century. Etymology In North Korea, Korea as a whole is referred to as Chosŏn (조선, Joseon, [tɕosʰʌn], lit. History
Japan travel guideanimated knotsVatican CityVatican City i/ˈvætɨkən ˈsɪti/, officially Vatican City State (Italian: Stato della Città del Vaticano;[note 4] pronounced [ˈstaːto della t͡ʃitˈta (d)del vatiˈkaːno]), is a landlocked sovereign city-state whose territory consists of a walled enclave within the city of Rome, Italy. It has an area of approximately 44 hectares (110 acres), and a population of around 840. This makes Vatican City the smallest internationally recognized independent state in the world by both area and population. Vatican City is an ecclesiastical or sacerdotal-monarchical state, ruled by the Bishop of Rome—the Pope. In the city, there are cultural sites such as St. Vatican City State is distinct from the Holy See,[note 5] which dates back to early Christianity and is the main episcopal see of 1.2 billion Latin and Eastern Catholic adherents around the globe. Geography Map of Vatican City, highlighting notable buildings and the Vatican gardens The territory includes St. St. Climate
EnglandEngland ( i/ˈɪŋɡlənd/) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. The Irish Sea lies north west of England, whilst the Celtic Sea lies to the south west. The North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south separate it from continental Europe. Most of England comprises the central and southern part of the island of Great Britain which lies in the North Atlantic. The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but it takes its name from the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England's terrain mostly comprises low hills and plains, especially in central and southern England. Toponymy The name "England" is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means "land of the Angles". The Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages.
Japan ReiseführerJapan (jap.: 日本 Nihon oder Nippon) ist ein Inselstaat in Ostasien. Regionen[Bearbeiten] Japans Regionen Insgesamt setzt sich Japan aus über 3000 Inseln zusammen, von welchen die vier Hauptinseln Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu und Shikoku 97% der Landmasse ergeben. Hokkaido - die schneereiche Nordinsel Tohoku - Nordost-Honshu, bekannt für Skigebiete und heiße Quellen Kanto - die Küstenebene um Tokyo und Yokohama Chubu - gebirgiges Mittelland mit den Japanischen Alpen und Japans viertgrößter Stadt Nagoya Kansai - das alte Kultur- und Wirtschaftszentrum Japans, um Osaka, Kyoto, Nara und Kobe Chugoku - westlichster Teil Honshus, ländliche Region um Hiroshima Shikoku - die kleinste der vier Hauptinseln, bekannt durch die 88 Tempel-Wallfahrt Kyushu - Südinsel mit den Städten Fukuoka und Nagasaki Okinawa - subtropische Inselkette zwischen Japan und Taiwan Städte[Bearbeiten] Die wichtigsten Städte Japans sind (der Größe nach): Weitere Ziele[Bearbeiten] Hintergrund[Bearbeiten] Geschichte[Bearbeiten]
know moreNew ZealandNew Zealand (Māori: Aotearoa [aɔˈtɛaɾɔa]) is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses – that of the North Island, or Te Ika-a-Māui, and the South Island, or Te Waipounamu – and numerous smaller islands. New Zealand is situated some 1,500 kilometres (900 mi) east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 1,000 kilometres (600 mi) south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. Because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long isolation, New Zealand developed a distinctive biodiversity of animal, fungal and plant life. Polynesians settled New Zealand in 1250–1300 CE and developed a distinctive Māori culture. Nationally, legislative authority is vested in an elected, unicameral Parliament, while executive political power is exercised by the Cabinet, led by the Prime Minister, who is currently John Key. Etymology History Politics Government Environment Art