background preloader

Have to, must and should for obligation and advice

Have to, must and should for obligation and advice
We use have to / must / should + infinitive to talk about obligation, things that are necessary to do, or to give advice about things that are a good idea to do. Must and have to are both used for obligation and are often quite similar. They are both followed by the infinitive. I must go now. / I have to go now. Are these exactly the same? Well, almost. I must remember to get a present for Daisy. Which verb do people use more? Have to is more frequent in conversation; must is used more in formal writing, for example in written notices. Passengers must fasten their seat-belts. Do they change in form for I, you, he, she, etc.? Have changes in the third person singular (he/she/it has); but must doesn’t change. I think I’ve heard have got to. Yes, we use both have got to, for obligation, and had better, for advice, a lot in speaking. So they’re not used in formal writing? No. You mustn’t forget ... Umm, I’m still a bit confused ... Ah! No, you mustn’t! I see. Yes, exactly. Related:  GrammarInglés

Irregular verbs with Fluency MC 4 | Games to learn English This is the last post in which we try to teach the irregular verbs mentioned in the rap song by Fluency MC. This time there are 15 irregular verbs and to help you teach or learn them there is an infographic, a quiz and a game. First, listen to the following song and complete the lyrics. The lyrics worksheet:Irregular verbs song lyrics 4 Irregular verbs – infographic Display or hand out the following infographic and go through the irregular verbs with your students. To print ot the infographic, use the following pdf file:Irregular verbs with fluency 04 Irregular verbs – online quiz The following online quiz consists of two parts. The second game is called Goose Science Quiz, and your task is to click the dice in the upper right hand corner and then answer the questions. Goose Quiz on irregular verbs Irregular verbs – all irregular verbs with Fluency MC posts As I wrote above, this is the fourth post we have prepared together with Fluency MC.

Everyday Grammar: Gerunds and Infinitives Everyday Grammar - Gerunds and Infinitives Welcome to another episode of Everyday Grammar on VOA Learning English. English learners have difficulty with gerunds and infinitives. The infinitive form of a verb appears either as the basic form (with no marking) or with the word “to.” It is difficult for English learners to know whether to use a gerund or an infinitive after a verb. Here’s an example. Sentence one: I suggested going to dinner. Sentence two: I suggested to go to dinner. Sentence one, with the gerund, is correct. Let’s take the word “like.” Are you confused yet? Basically, some verbs are followed by gerunds, some verbs are followed by infinitives, and some verbs can be followed by gerunds or infinitives. Here are a few tips. Tip number one: you almost always find a gerund after a preposition. Tip number two: When you are talking about an activity, you usually use a gerund. Let’s see how much you know. I enjoy … (studying) I considered … (studying) I managed … (to study)

British Council | Christmas Scene 1 Ashlie: Oh hi, Stephen. You made it then! Stephen: Hi, Ashlie, I thought we were going Christmas shopping, not ice-skating. Ashlie: Oh, we are. But I saw the rink and ice-skating is so much fun. It’s almost as much fun as shopping! Stephen: It’s Christmas Eve and this is the Tower of London Ice Rink. Ashlie: We’re cooking dinner for the family this year. Stephen: And we’ve still got lots of presents to buy. Ashlie: Oh come on, Stephen. Stephen: Stop showing off. Ashlie: Come on then. Stephen: It’s not as difficult as it looks. Ashlie: Stephen, you’re going in the wrong direction. Ashlie: Stephen! Stephen: Oh, sorry! Stephen: Oh, I love Christmas, Ash. Ashlie: I know. Stephen: Wow, look at these. Ashlie: Well, maybe we could get something for the tree. Stephen: Those are really boring. Ashlie: Mmm, well, I’m not sure. Stephen: No way! Ashlie: Well, I suppose so. Stephen: Presents - of course. Ashlie: Bye! Stephen: There... perfect! Ashlie: Stephen! Ashlie: No, I really don’t. Stephen: OK.

Master the Particulars of Grammar With This Pop Culture Primer 3351 11Share1 For the overlap in the Venn diagram of word nerds and pop culture junkies, Pop Chart Lab has created a poster that breaks down the parts of speech with the help of famous figures from movies, television, music, and literature. Not just your basic person, place, or thing (although that's covered, too, with the help of Luke Skywalker, Tatooine, and a lightsaber) this poster takes on particulars of interrogative pronouns, modal auxiliary verbs, and resulting copulas via the likes of Dumbledore, Rocky, and Michael J. Fox. The hand-drawn classic characters (plus Nicholas Cage) contextualize the dusty rules of grammar in a beautiful wall-worthy way.

The Grammar Casino | an ESL exercise to test grammar in a fun activity, editable game template Welcome to the grammar casino! If your grammar is solid, you can win it all or if not, lose your shirt. This is a great review game or can be used to target specific weak areas. If you like this game check out At the Track! The downloads: These are in .doc (Word) format so you can change the template to suit your language needs. Formatted A4 size: the grammar casino (full color) the grammar casino (b/w) Formatted Letter size: the grammar casino (full color) the grammar casino (b/w) How to play: Materials needed: 1 copy of the game board per student Students start with one hundred points Students read the first sentence. The line under each sentence can be used to rewrite sentences with a mistake in them or it can be used to translate correct sentences into L1. If students lose all of their points: You will have plenty of students that let it all ride every time.

History of Halloween - Halloween Halloween is an annual holiday celebrated each year on October 31, and Halloween 2019 occurs on Thursday, October 31. It originated with the ancient Celtic festival of Samhain, when people would light bonfires and wear costumes to ward off ghosts. In the eighth century, Pope Gregory III designated November 1 as a time to honor all saints; soon, All Saints Day incorporated some of the traditions of Samhain. READ MORE: Best Halloween Costume Ideas Inspired by History Ancient Origins of Halloween Halloween’s origins date back to the ancient Celtic festival of Samhain (pronounced sow-in). This day marked the end of summer and the harvest and the beginning of the dark, cold winter, a time of year that was often associated with human death. In addition to causing trouble and damaging crops, Celts thought that the presence of the otherworldly spirits made it easier for the Druids, or Celtic priests, to make predictions about the future. All Saints' Day Halloween Comes to America Halloween Parties

Educational Technology and Mobile Learning: Some Excellent Android Apps for Learning English Grammar May 14, 2015 Technology has brought interactivity and life to those content areas that were long reputed for being dull and boring. An example of this is grammar. Grammar instruction does not have to be an arduous and daunting task for students. There are now several apps that can help learners develop strong grammatical skills and all while having fun. 1- English Grammar Test “This grammar test is the best way to improve your English grammar knowledge. 2- English Grammar in Use “This Starter Pack includes six grammar units (Present and Past tenses) with clear explanations and interactive exercises, a Glossary of grammar words, and a Study Guide to help you decide which grammar units you need to study.” 3- English Grammar Handbook “If you are looking for a powerful book of English grammar, this app is for you. 4- English Tenses 5- English Grammar Spell Checker “It is basically an grammar dictionary that will check your work for you! 6- Practice English Grammar

Five tenses - more exercises About half a year ago I published a post where I tried to explain the usage of 5 different tenses. About 71,000 people have viewed this post but several complained that there was not enough practice. That is why I have decided to reintroduce this topic and add three more quizzes to practise the five tenses. So here we go! Study the following mind map. And if you think you understand the grammar, it is time to try the quiz. You can choose either the print version of the quiz or the digital version of the quiz. Cloze exercises If you prefer the interactive version of the same quiz, you can find it down here. Five tenses – full screen quiz If you would like to do more practice, you can go to British Council site and try several more exercises there. As there are many classrooms without the internet connection, you can download the interactive version of the quiz here. Five tenses_more quizzes (Web) I hope you like this post.

Re-imagining the grammar classics: The personalized gap fill This is the first in a series of blog posts in which I’ll present a range of activities that can be used in class with minimal – or even no – preparation at all. Most of these activities revolve around reviewing or extending grammar structures, and as such are designed to be as flexible as possible and thus usable in many different situations. First up we look at a way of personalizing gap fill exercises so that they work in a more meaningful and motivational way in your language class. The personalized gap fill Gap fills are probably the most common type of exercise in the language classroom. What do you need? If you want to do this in the simplest way possible all you need is a pen and a board. Personalizing your gap fill will have a positive effect on your class! Setting things up for version 1 Learners copy down the sentences, fill in the gaps with the words and then decide if they are true or false. Let’s imagine how this works with a few examples using various grammar structures.

Teach 9 irregular verbs in one lesson It is much more memorable to teach or learn irregular verbs in a story. The verbs, especially their meaning, are easier to remember and retrieve from memory. Moreover, teaching verbs in a story is fun. Irregular verbs – infographics Here is the picture of the story: Print version of the story and tasks:past simple story_fishing full Here, you can print out the mind map with all the irregular verbs. Once you think that you know the verbs you can try out the following interactive quiz. MP3 drill Listen say the word that belongs there instead of the beep. Irregular verbs – mp3 drill The worksheet contains the grammar up activity. If you like this activity and you would like to use in either on your website or in a classroom without an internet connection, you can do so by downloading the files here: irregular_verbs_incontext#2 Macmillan publishing house runs a competition Love English Awards and as this site has been nominated, you can vote for us here.

Falling Clouds Falling Clouds In this game you have to move words around to make a sentence. You can practice English grammar by rearranging words to make a complete sentence. The sentences get more complicated as you progess. Hopefully this game is a good way to practice sentence structures and review word order. Edit – In response to numerous comments and emails, the game is now slower giving more time to move the clouds around.

Verb Tenses VocabularySpellingCity offers video lessons, interactive games, and printable activities to enhance verb tense learning at four grade bands (K-2, 3-5, 6-8, 9-12). The variety of user-friendly tools helps both teachers and students reach their goals effortlessly. If you are looking for tools to teach verb tenses, look no further! VocabularySpellingCity helps teachers and parents create lists of verbs that can supplement the students' verb tense learning in fun and enjoyable ways. Children learn the basic idea behind verb tenses quite early, as they see how some things happened yesterday, others are happening right now, and other things will happen tomorrow. As children grow up and increase their exposure to all the verb forms, the distinctions in verb tenses start to multiply. The Common Core State Standards for Language Arts set out a program of gradual familiarization and mastering of verb tenses, especially through elementary school.