background preloader

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali
The Yoga Sūtras of Patañjali are 196 Indian sūtras (aphorisms) that constitute the foundational text of Ashtanga Yoga, also called Raja Yoga. In medieval times, Ashtanga Yoga was cast as one of the six orthodox āstika schools of Hindu philosophy. The Yoga Sutras were compiled around 400 CE by Patañjali, taking materials about yoga from older traditions. Together with his commentary they form the Pātañjalayogaśāstra. Author and dating[edit] Author[edit] The Indian tradition attributes the work to Patañjali. Dating[edit] The most recent assessment of Patañjali's date, developed in the context of the first critical edition ever made of the Yoga Sūtras and bhāṣya based on a study of the surviving original Sanskrit manuscripts of the work, is that of Philipp A. Compilation[edit] The Yoga Sutras are a composite of various texts. Contents[edit] Structure of the text[edit] The eight limbs of Yoga[edit] Yama refers to the five abstentions: how we relate to the external world. Ananda and asmita[edit]

Iyengar Yoga A student performing Uttitha Trikonasana, triangle pose, one of the basic standing poses in Iyengar Yoga Iyengar Yoga, named after and developed by B. K. S. Iyengar, is a form of Hatha Yoga that has an emphasis on detail, precision and alignment in the performance of posture (asana) and breath control (pranayama). B.K.S. Iyengar Yoga often, but not always, makes use of props, such as belts, blocks, and blankets, as aids in performing asanas (postures). Iyengar Yoga is firmly based on the traditional eight limbs of yoga as expounded by Patanjali in his Yoga Sutras. Focus[edit] A form of Hatha Yoga, it focuses on the structural alignment of the physical body through the development of asanas. It can be said that Iyengar differs from the other styles of yoga by three key elements: technique, sequence and timing. Technique refers to the precision of the body alignment and the performance of pranayama.Sequence means the sequences in which asanas and breathing exercises are practiced. B.

Bandha (Yoga) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Mula Bandha, contraction of the perineumUddiyana bandha, contraction of the abdomen into the rib cageJalandhara Bandha, tucking the chin close to the chestMaha Bandha, combining all three of the above bandhas Rāja yoga Rāja yoga (Sanskrit: राज योग, /ˈrɑːdʒə ˈjoʊɡə/) is a term with a variety of meanings depending on the context. In modern context, it refers to the Yoga school of philosophy in Hinduism. In historical context, it was the ultimate stage of yoga practice, one nearing Samadhi. The modern retronym was introduced in the 19th-century by Swami Vivekananda to differentiate it as the form of yoga that includes the yoga of mind. Yoga philosophy is one of the six major orthodox schools of Hinduism.[2][4] It is closely related to the Samkhya school of Hinduism. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali is a key text of the Yoga school of Hinduism.[10] Etymology and usage[edit] Rāja (Sanskrit: राज) means "chief, best of its kind" or "king".[19] Rāja yoga thus refers to "chief, best of yoga". In the context of Hindu philosophy, rāja yoga is a retronym, introduced in the 19th-century by Swami Vivekananda. One name, different practices History[edit] A statue of a man in yoga posture (Kashmir, India). Practice[edit] [edit]

Hatha Yoga Pradipika The Haṭha Yoga Pradīpikā (Sanskrit: haṭhayōgapradīpikā, हठयोगप्रदीपिका) is a classic Sanskrit manual on hatha yoga, written by Svāmi Svātmārāma, a disciple of Swami Gorakhnath. It is amongst the most influential surviving texts on the hatha yoga, and is one of the three classic texts of hatha yoga, the other two being the Gheranda Samhita and the Shiva Samhita. A fourth major text, written at a later date by Srinivasabhatta Mahayogaindra, is the Hatharatnavali.[1] Different manuscripts of this work offer various versions of its title. The text was written in 15th century CE. The Haṭhayogapradīpikā It has been translated into English more than once (see bibliography below). Recent research[edit] New research on the history of yoga in medieval India is throwing much new light on the origins and meaning of Haṭha Yoga.[3] Mallinson, for example, examining the philosophical sources of Svātmārāma's work, has noted that, Notes[edit] External links[edit]

Hot yoga Hot yoga refers to yoga exercises performed under hot and humid conditions. Often associated with the style devised by Bikram Choudhury, hot yoga is now used to describe any number of yoga styles that use heat to increase an individual's flexibility in the poses.[1][2][3] In colder climates, hot yoga often seeks to replicate the heat and humidity of India where yoga originated.[4] Some forms of hot yoga include: Bikram Yoga was brought to the U.S. in the early 70s and became the most widely known form of hot yoga.Evolation Yoga was founded in 2009 by Mark Drost and Zefea Samson. Zefea has been on the yoga path since the age of 5 and competed in the top 10 at the International Yoga Asana championships for 4 years. Jump up ^ "Different Types of Yoga Today".

The Genesis According to Spiritism The Genesis, Miracles and Premonition According to Spiritism (La Genèse, les Miracles et les Preditions selon le Spiritisme in the original French) was the last book published (1868) by Allan Kardec, just before his death. It tries to reconcile science and religion and develops a series of important scientific and philosophical topics, relating them to Spiritism. Contents[edit] The Genesis contains diverse articles on the creation of the universe, the formation of the world, the origins of spirits and the role of divine intervention in the order of nature. It is divided into three parts, each apparently unrelated to the others: The Genesis According to Spiritism (12 chapters)Miracles According to Spiritism (3 chapters)Predictions According to Spiritism (2 chapters) The final chapter ("The Time is at Hand") is not related to either of the three parts. The Genesis[edit] Character of Spiritist Revelation[edit] God[edit] The Spiritist view of God. Good and Evil[edit] General Uranography[edit]