Digital recording Audio levels display on a digital audio recorder (Zoom H4n) In digital recording, digital audio and digital video are directly recorded to a storage device as a stream of discrete numbers, representing the changes in air pressure (sound) for audio and chroma and luminance values for video through time, thus making an abstract template for the original sound or moving image. Analog audio (sound), or analog video made of a continuous wave must be converted into a stream of discrete numbers, representing the changes over time in air pressure for audio, and chroma and luminance values for video. Beginning in the 1980s, music that was recorded, mixed and mastered digitally was often labelled using the SPARS code to describe which processes were analog and which were digital. Timeline history Process Recording Playback Recording of bits Techniques to record to commercial media Concerns with digital audio recording Word size Sample rate Error rectification
Great Smoky Mountains National Park - Waterfalls Mingo Falls is located just outside the park on the Cherokee Indian Reservation. Photo by Robert Crootof. Every year over 200,000 visitors hike well-worn trails to view Grotto, Laurel, Abrams, Rainbow, and other popular waterfalls in the park. The Great Smoky Mountains abound with the two ingredients essential for waterfalls-ample rainfall and an elevation gradient. The following are brief descriptions of the Smokies most popular waterfalls.
DIY - Jersey Spaghetti Necklace Scarf - Retro Chick — Retro Chick Last week I wrote about the fabulous Kapow Wow Objects, and in particular my favourite piece the black spaghetti necklace. Sadly the chances of me having £120 to spend on a scarf are pretty small right now, so I decided to have a go at making one myself. At a Boot Fair this morning I spent the grand total of £2 on 4 black T Shirts (in the end I only used 3, so I could have saved myself 50p) I trawled trough the junk drawers in my house (and there are many) and found a selection of old key-rings to use as fastenings and I put down a sheet so I didn’t cover the floor in black fluff. Laying each T Shirt flat I cut along the bottom of each making jersey loops, which I then snipped into long strips. I cut in varying widths to give a more textured feel to the final scarf. Once I’d finished cutting across the body of all 3 T shirts I was left with a bundle of jersey strips and a white sheet covered in black fluff (if you want to try this I REALLY recommend covering the floor) Et voila. Like this:
Aaron Marks Special: So, You Want to Be a Sound Designer? : Designing Sound People often ask why I’m a sound designer and how I ended up with an active career creating sounds. It’s not something I specifically sought out but now that I’m a dozen years into doing it professionally, I’m really happy that I’m here. I actually started as a composer with the dream of scoring blockbuster Hollywood films but with the unpredictability of life, I ended up on the video game side of the industry instead and haven’t looked back. I was hired for my first game project in 1995 to create music but as the ‘guy with the microphone’ and the developers need to keep his audio team small, I was asked to create the sound effects as well. In an instant, I was given the moniker of ‘sound designer’ and a new career was born which, coincidentally, now provides 75% of my business income. Every sound designer I’ve talked to over the years has their own story – most fell into it by accident, others followed a calculated path – but they all have the same things in common. Finding the jobs
5 Building Blocks of Your Characters Personality by Mark Nichol Now that you’ve decided what your character’s motivation is, it’s time to actually construct the vessel in which this purpose will reside. Just how do you build a person? 1. How was the character’s early life? Is domestic trauma in the character’s past? 2. Is the character a loner, or a social butterfly? 3. What does the character do for a living? Do they like their job? 4. What does your character do after work, on weekends? 5. Is the sun always shining, or does a perpetual rain cloud perch just over the character’s shoulder? What are your character’s political views and social opinions? So many questions!
DIY Multi-Strand Scarf I am a huge fan on no-sew projects from recycled clothing. If you were a fan of my no-sew DIY Workout Shirt, you will enjoy this one as well. Plus they will look très chic when worn together! Behold, a scarf that is perfectly lightweight and easy-to-wear to your Yoga or Bar Method class and stylish enough for running errands around town! DIY Multi-Strand ScarfMakes one stylish scarf Ingredients: 1 old T-shirt (the bigger the better) 1 pair of scissors 1 ruler 10 minutes 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Viola, a stylish scarf to wear to yoga!
Music Theory Scales and Modes Scales and Modes What Are Modes? If a sound tickles your ear, you may be hearing a mode. Have you ever listened to a piece of music and thought it sounded strange to your ear? You were probably hearing modes, which are scales that were used over a thousand years ago! Modes are scales. Here is a picture of the C Major scale. Modes (scales) are patterns of notes that move by half-steps (2 notes next to one another on the piano) and whole-steps (2 notes separated by a note on the piano). Can you identify half-steps and whole-steps on this keyboard? Back to top Major and Minor Scales Do you like ice cream? Just like there are many flavors of ice cream, so there are many different "flavors" of scales. I bet you know the most popular flavor of ice cream. Major scales are like vanilla ice cream because they are the most popular scales in music. The difference between these two scales is simple: the minor scale has more half steps than the major scale. Other Scales Ancient Modes Now we come to modes.
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Tutorial: Sun-Printed Batik Fabric Painting and Dyeing by: inkodye Batik is a traditional technique that uses Resist to prevent dye from reaching the fabric. You can use this method to create detailed patterns on textiles, wood and unglazed ceramics. With specially formulated Inkodye you get to use the power of the sun to develop the full vibrance of your colors and make them permanent, no other steaming or fixing is required! Decide how to apply the resist. We used fine line applicators, also try brushes, stencils and sponges. Choose your design. Flatten your work surface. Apply Resist. Finishing touches. Apply Inkodye. Go out into the sun! Watch the color develop. Details. Develop your final colors. Wash out resist. Take a look at your work! Dry your artwork. Enjoy your piece. Share your artwork.