There is no alternative According to TINA, economic liberalism is the only valid remaining ideology. However, many alternative proposals have been made; for example, the alternative proposed by Michael Shuman is known as local ownership import substituting (LOIS). The phrase may be traced to its emphatic use by the nineteenth-century classical liberal thinker Herbert Spencer. Cabinet minister Norman St John-Stevas, one of the leading "wets", nicknamed Thatcher "Tina". In the early 1990s, Francis Fukuyama wrote a book called The End of History and the Last Man, which in a similar vein argued that liberal democracy had triumphed over communism and that the historic struggle between political systems was over (although there could still be future events). See also References Jump up ^ Shuman, M. External links
Ayn Rand - The Atlasphere: Ayn Rand News, Dating & Social Networking Espéranto - Lingvo Internacia Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. L’espéranto est une langue construite conçue à la fin du XIXe siècle par Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof dans le but de faciliter la communication entre personnes de langues différentes. Zamenhof publia son projet en 1887 sous le nom de Lingvo Internacia (Langue Internationale), sous le pseudonyme de Doktoro Esperanto (Docteur qui espère), d’où le nom sous lequel la langue s’est popularisée par la suite. Fondé sur une grammaire régulière (sans exception), l'espéranto est une langue globalement agglutinante où les mots se forment à partir d'un nombre limité de racines lexicales et d’affixes. L'espéranto est la seule langue construite qui a dépassé le stade de projet pour devenir une langue vivante, avec des locuteurs actifs répartis dans la plupart des pays du monde. Histoire[modifier | modifier le code] Le premier congrès mondial d'espéranto se déroula en 1905 à Boulogne-sur-Mer. Statut[modifier | modifier le code]
The broken window fallacy does not always hold true (Debate Case) - The Mises Community Smiling Dave replied on Tue, Nov 6 2012 6:31 AM Austen, I like several things about your post. Thus, it deserves a response. So let's examine the Total Spending = Total Income equation, and the conclusions you draw from it. Yes, the equation is correct. So what is the right thing to look at, if not at Total Spending or Total Income? The answer, of course, is that "Total Spending = Total Income" is ignoring the variable that really counts, Total Production. Notice that the same flaw inheres in the other equation you quote, MV=PQ. Looking at that equation, the only way to improve the economy is to make good and sure Q, the quantity of goods, goes up. Before Keynes muddied the waters, this was universally understood. ...the encouragement of mere consumption is no benefit to commerce; for the difficulty lies in supplying the means, not in stimulating the desire of consumption; and we have seen that production alone, furnishes those means. Wrong. "Where is my mistake, Professor Keynes?"
Antipositivism Antipositivism (also known as interpretivism or negativism) is the belief in social science that the social realm may not be subject to the same methods of investigation as the natural world; that academics must reject[need quotation to verify] empiricism[dubious ] and the scientific method in the conduct of social research. Antipositivists hold that researchers should focus on understanding the interpretations that social actions have for the people being studied.[need quotation to verify] Concept In the early 19th century various intellectuals, perhaps most notably the Hegelians, began to question the prospect of empirical social analysis. Karl Marx died before the establishment of formal social science but nonetheless fiercely rejected Comtean sociological positivism—despite himself attempting to establish a historical materialist "science of society". Frankfurt School See also References Jump up ^ Gerber, John J.
Brian Barry on Robert Nozick - Waggish Here’s something less controversial, courtesy of John Protevi and Lawyers Guns and Money: Brian Barry’s amusing review of Robert Nozick’s Anarchy, State, and Utopia, from 1975. According to the jacket of the book, “Robert Nozick’s Anarchy, State and Utopia is an eagerly awaited book, widely discussed among philosophers long before its publication.” Sound familiar? For all the contemporary echoes, what I find interesting is the particular rhetoric of the time. It seems to me that we don’t have what I would call a political philosophy from the middle distance. I’d like that too. Association mondiale anationale Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. l'Association mondiale anationale Le néologisme « anationale » contenu dans le nom français de la SAT ne définit pas une idéologie, mais désigne une structure originale dans les relations internationales du monde du travail, inspirée de celle de l'association espérantiste neutre, l'association mondiale d'espéranto, telle que l'avait fondée Hector Hodler. À l'intérieur de SAT se trouvent plusieurs courants progressistes du mouvement social : communistes, anarchistes, écologistes, pacifistes, syndicalistes, etc. L'organe officiel de SAT est le journal Sennaciulo (L'Homme sans nation). Tous les ans depuis 1921, à l'exception de la période entre 1940 et 1946, un congrès mondial est organisé, généralement dans une ville d'Europe (Ouest ou Est). Associations liées à la SAT[modifier | modifier le code] Fractions de SAT[modifier | modifier le code] Les membres de SAT peuvent appartenir à différents partis ou mouvements (politiques, etc.).
Hurricane Sandy and Good Ole MV=PQ. Have We Broken Enough Windows to End the Recession? « Smiling Dave's Blog of Psychology, Economics, and Gentle Sarcasm. Over at the Mises forums, one Austen laid out the Keynesian case very nicely. It’s a long long post of his, and this humble article will talk about the beginning of it, upon which the rest depends. OK, Austen, you have the floor. You get the fancy italics, I get the normal font. Total Spending in an economy is equal to total income In an economy, based on simple arthimetic and common sense, one can see that all spending is equal to income, assuming that the money supply is not increasing. Total spending = Total income Therefore, the more spending that occurs in an economy, the higher one’s income is. Another way to think of this is the velocity of money: M*V = Q*P This is the quantity theory of money. M = money, V = velocity of money, Q = quantity of goods and services, P = price of goods and services. So as one can see If the velocity of money increases, then so do the quantity of goods and services, so long as prices do not not increase at the same rate. You see where Austen is going here.
Max Weber Karl Emil Maximilian "Max" Weber (German: [ˈmaks ˈveːbɐ]; 21 April 1864 – 14 June 1920) was a German sociologist, philosopher, and political economist whose ideas influenced social theory, social research, and the entire discipline of sociology. Weber is often cited, with Émile Durkheim and Karl Marx, as among the three founding creators of sociology. Weber also made a variety of other contributions in economic history, as well as economic theory and methodology. Weber's analysis of modernity and rationalisation significantly influenced the critical theory associated with the Frankfurt School. After the First World War, Max Weber was among the founders of the liberal German Democratic Party. He also ran unsuccessfully for a seat in parliament and served as advisor to the committee that drafted the ill-fated democratic Weimar Constitution of 1919. After contracting the Spanish flu, he died of pneumonia in 1920, aged 56. Biography Early life and family background
The Libertarianism FAQ There are a number of standard questions about libertarianism that have been periodically resurfacing in the politics groups for years. This posting attempts to answer some of them. I make no claim that the answers are complete, nor that they reflect a (nonexistent) unanimity among libertarians; the issues touched on here are tremendously complex. This posting will be useful, however, if it successfully conveys the flavor of libertarian thought and gives some indication of what most libertarians believe. A1. The word means approximately "believer in liberty". A2. Help individuals take more control over their own lives. A3. Modern libertarianism has multiple roots. A4. Once upon a time (in the 1800s), "liberal" and "libertarian" meant the same thing; "liberals" were individualist, distrustful of state power, pro-free- market, and opposed to the entrenched privilege of the feudal and mercantilist system. A5. For starters, by not being conservative. A6. A7. A8. By privatizing them. A9.