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Free Encyclopedia Articles at Online Library.

Free Encyclopedia Articles at Online Library.

Encyclopedia - Britannica Online Encyclopedia Retail A retail store in the UK Shopping generally refers to the act of buying products. Sometimes this is done to obtain necessities such as food and clothing; sometimes it is done as a recreational activity. Recreational shopping often involves window shopping (just looking, not buying) and browsing and does not always result in a purchase. Etymology[edit] Retail comes from the Old French word tailler, which means "to cut off, clip, pare, divide" in terms of tailoring (1365). Types of retail outlets[edit] Inside a supermarket in Russia A marketplace is a location where goods and services are exchanged. In some parts of the world, the retail business is still dominated by small family-run stores, but this market is increasingly being taken over by large retail chains.Most of these stores are called high street stores. Types by products[edit] Retail is usually classified by type of products as follows: Types by marketing strategy[edit] There are the following types of retailers by marketing strategy:

Welcome to Citizendium - Citizendium A Brief History of Shopping with Shops, Stores and Supermarkets A busy, modern-day Supermarket History and Development of Supermarkets and Shopping In most towns or villages there is usually at least one shop within reasonable distance of where people live. Men and women who keep shops are known as shopkeepers and their occupation as shopkeeping. The next step forward was made when the market traders took on permanent premises. However, about 1820 shops were being started in Britain which sold many different types of goods all under one roof. At the same time the multiple store grew up. Another type of shop was the variety store like Woolworth's or Marks and Spencer's. Supermarkets started out as simply large collective markets under one roof selling a broad range of groceries, fruit and vegetables. Another very important type of shop was the co-operative store. The goods sold by shopkeepers arrive in their shops in all sorts of ways. The department stores, multiple stores and variety stores do buy their goods from the manufacturers.

Wikipedija Shopping Innovations The History of the Shopping Mall Shopping Innovations By Mary Bellis The MallA shopping center, shopping mall, or shopping plaza, is the modern adaptation of the historical marketplace. The first shopping mall was the Country Club Plaza, founded by the J.C. Shopping CartsSylvan Goldman invented the first shopping cart in 1936. In 1946, Orla Watson, of Kansas City, MO, invented the telescoping shopping cart. Shopping Carts Smart CartSilicon Valley inventor George Cokely - the same guy behind the Pet Rock - has come up with a modern solution to one of the supermarket industry's oldest problems: stolen shopping carts. Shopping Cart Bumpers with AdvertisingHarold Evans patented (US patent #5,306,033) a shopping cart bumper system, a foam wrap-around unit that protects while providing valuable advertising space. Automatic DoorsHorton Automatics developed and sold the first automatic sliding door in America in 1960. CouponsA Philadelphia pharmacist named Asa Candler invented the coupon in 1895.

the free encyclopedia Early Retail Timeline - Retail Research Centre - The Development of Shops and Stores in the UK This rather long page tries to do two things: give a timeline of retail businesses; and secondly to show that many staggeringly novel innovations were not all that new. Complaints about retail are not all that new either. We start off with an early shopping mall, The New Exchange, widely criticised in 1609 for its pointless opulence and extravagance. It shows that shopping was a major activity as early as 1609. The retail timeline stretches to online shopping, and then switches to the earliest stores in the middle ages. An Early Shopping MallThe New Exchange or Burse was a wondrous enclosed shopping mall of 30 stores aimed at the rich that opened in 1609. The Royal Exchange shopping gallery had been built in 1568 and reopened after the fire of London in 1671. THE RETAIL TIMELINEIs this Retail Timeline idiosyncratic? Slightly Unconventional History of Retail 1568 The Royal Exchange shopping gallery was opened.

Top 8 online encyclopedias alternative to Wikipedia – Computer Solving These are some decent alternatives to Wikipedia, the online wiki that anyone can edit and contribute to, other online encyclopedias have taken a more restrictive approach as to who can create an article, some of them will ask the author to use his/her real name as well as proving accreditation of any qualification the author claims to have, others do not allow users to contribute articles and are written by experts hired by the company, the final goal is always the same, to create a reliable accurate encyclopaedia containing a wide range of subjects for students, researchers and those in search of knowledge. Wikipedia alternatives Citizendium: An encyclopaedia organized like a wiki, it asks people to verify their credentials before they are allowed to edit pages, people editing Citizendium pages have to use their real names, it has less content than Wikipedia but there is little vandalism and information tends to be more methodical. Citizendium online encyclopaedia verifies authors

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