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History of Retailing - Industry Studies, Business

History of Retailing - Industry Studies, Business
Related:  Evolution of retail industry

A Brief History of Shopping with Shops, Stores and Supermarkets A busy, modern-day Supermarket History and Development of Supermarkets and Shopping In most towns or villages there is usually at least one shop within reasonable distance of where people live. The next step forward was made when the market traders took on permanent premises. However, about 1820 shops were being started in Britain which sold many different types of goods all under one roof. At the same time the multiple store grew up. Another type of shop was the variety store like Woolworth's or Marks and Spencer's. Supermarkets started out as simply large collective markets under one roof selling a broad range of groceries, fruit and vegetables. Another very important type of shop was the co-operative store. In spite of the growth of department stores, multiple stores, variety stores and co-operatives, the independent shopkeeper - the man or woman who owns their own shop with no branches - is still an important trader.

How to Think of What to Draw Edit Article Edited by Dvortygirl, Laptop123, Nicole Willson, Random and 41 others Have you been inspired to draw, including getting inspiration from famous artists, or are just doing it for fun? Drawing can often be fun, but sometimes it can be hard to think of ideas for what to draw. Well, don't worry about that -- there are many, many different ideas - just read this article to find out what they are. Ad Steps 1Doodle. 21Look back through old sketchbooks for ideas. Tips Don't be afraid to try something new or make something up as you go. Warnings While there's nothing wrong with drawing from a photograph to practice, keep in mind that you may not be able to publish the result if you don't hold the copyright or have permission.

Wikipedija Convert just about anything to anything else Encyclopædia Iranica | Home Retail A retail store in the UK Shopping generally refers to the act of buying products. Sometimes this is done to obtain necessities such as food and clothing; sometimes it is done as a recreational activity. Recreational shopping often involves window shopping (just looking, not buying) and browsing and does not always result in a purchase. Etymology[edit] Retail comes from the Old French word tailler, which means "to cut off, clip, pare, divide" in terms of tailoring (1365). Types of retail outlets[edit] Inside a supermarket in Russia A marketplace is a location where goods and services are exchanged. In some parts of the world, the retail business is still dominated by small family-run stores, but this market is increasingly being taken over by large retail chains.Most of these stores are called high street stores. Types by products[edit] Retail is usually classified by type of products as follows: Types by marketing strategy[edit] There are the following types of retailers by marketing strategy:

Extraterrestrial Contact - Scientific Study of the UFO Phenomenon.url the free encyclopedia The World Factbook People from nearly every country share information with CIA, and new individuals contact us daily. If you have information you think might interest CIA due to our foreign intelligence collection mission, there are many ways to reach us. If you know of an imminent threat to a location inside the U.S., immediately contact your local law enforcement or FBI Field Office. For threats outside the U.S., contact CIA or go to a U.S. Embassy or Consulate and ask for the information to be passed to a U.S. official. Please know, CIA does not engage in law enforcement. In addition to the options below, individuals contact CIA in a variety of creative ways. If you feel it is safe, consider providing these details with your submission: Your full name Biographic details, such as a photograph of yourself, and a copy of the biographic page of your passport How you got the information you want to share with CIA How to contact you, including your home address and phone number

Commons CONSUMERS, SHOPS, SMALL BUSINESSES AND ECONOMIC LIFE IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD (THIRD WORLD) market in Africa Developing world economies are very cash oriented. Cash is used for most transactions. Credit cards are not widely used. Most people don’t even have bank accounts. Money is often stashed away in a closet or under blanket or some such place. There are no paychecks. Women have traditionally controlled the family's finances. Transactions at banks often involve waiting in line, filing out some papers and getting a number. Most people don’t use banks because they are too poor or they don’t trust them. Villagers usually have no savings and live day to day. Self-Sufficiency and Resourcefulness Pineapple vendors Villagers have traditionally been very self sufficient, getting most of what the need from their land and animals. Resourceful is not simply a virtue but a key to survival. Villagers can do a lot with a little. Wealth, Honor and Hedges Against Inflation cattle has traditionally been a sign of wealth in Africa Inflation often shapes consumer behavior. Underground Economy

The memo that 'proves aliens landed at Roswell'... released online by the FBI By Daily Mail Reporter Updated: 07:37 GMT, 11 April 2011 A bizarre memo that appears to prove that aliens did land in New Mexico prior to 1950 has been published by the FBI. The bureau has made thousands of files available in a new online resource called The Vault. Among them is a memo to the director from Guy Hottel, the special agent in charge of the Washington field office in 1950. Proof of (alien) life? In the memo, whose subject line is 'Flying Saucers', Agent Hottel reveals that an Air Force investigator had stated that 'three so-called flying saucers had been recovered in New Mexico'. The investigator gave the information to a special agent, he said. Agent Hottel went on to write: 'They were described as being circular in shape with raised centers, approximately 50 feet in diameter. 'Each one was occupied by three bodies of human shape but only 3 feet tall,' he stated. The bodies were 'dressed in a metallic cloth of a very fine texture. Was it true?

Top 8 online encyclopedias alternative to Wikipedia – Computer Solving These are some decent alternatives to Wikipedia, the online wiki that anyone can edit and contribute to, other online encyclopedias have taken a more restrictive approach as to who can create an article, some of them will ask the author to use his/her real name as well as proving accreditation of any qualification the author claims to have, others do not allow users to contribute articles and are written by experts hired by the company, the final goal is always the same, to create a reliable accurate encyclopaedia containing a wide range of subjects for students, researchers and those in search of knowledge. Wikipedia alternatives Citizendium: An encyclopaedia organized like a wiki, it asks people to verify their credentials before they are allowed to edit pages, people editing Citizendium pages have to use their real names, it has less content than Wikipedia but there is little vandalism and information tends to be more methodical. Citizendium online encyclopaedia verifies authors

Terminology Forum - Vaasan yliopisto Terminology Forum is a global non-profit information forum for freely available terminological information online. The Forum was established in 1994 and is maintained by Anita Nuopponen with the help of her students at the Dept. of Communication Studies, University of Vaasa, Finland. You will find here information on terminological activities including terminology work, research and education, on online glossaries and termbanks from different fields as well as on general language dictionaries in various languages. On terminology news and events you will find information in our Twitter feed. Follow Terminology Forum and Term-List on Twitter! @TermList is tweeting on terminology and technical communication related activities and other interesting stuff for terminologists, technical communicators, translators, etc. DISCLAIMER: Terminology Forum includes links to external websites. Comments and suggestions for new links to:

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