Reflective practice is the capacity to reflect on action so as to engage in a process of continuous learning. According to one definition it involves "paying critical attention to the practical values and theories which inform everyday actions, by examining practice reflectively and reflexively. This leads to developmental insight". A key rationale for reflective practice is that experience alone does not necessarily lead to learning; deliberate reflection on experience is essential. Reflective practice can be an important tool in practice-based professional learning settings where people learn from their own professional experiences, rather than from formal learning or knowledge transfer. It may be the most important source of personal professional development and improvement. History and background Professor Emeritus Donald Schön The emergence in more recent years of blogging has been seen as another form of reflection on experience in a technological age.
Mind Mapping in EducationEducators and students have been drawing concept maps and mind maps on paper for many years. Visual software applications, in particular mind mapping tools, have automated this process, making it more efficient to brainstorm concepts as ideas or branches. This allows for the creation of much larger mind maps, and the ability to easily re-organized branches by dragging and dropping them around the map. Furthermore, some mind mapping software applications integrate with MS Office, allowing students to convert their ideas into other documents such as Word or PowerPoint. In education, mind mapping is often used for: Brainstorming sessionsVisualizing conceptsImproving critical thinkingDecision makingImproving reading and writing skillsAdvanced research papers or graduate projectsOutlining written documentsStoryboarding presentationsProject management It is a known fact that working with mind maps helps students organize their ideas and understand concepts better.
Experiential learningExperiential learning is the process of making meaning from direct experience, i.e., "learning from experience". The experience can be staged or left open. Aristotle once said, "For the things we have to learn before we can do them, we learn by doing them". David A. Kolb helped to popularize the idea of experiential learning drawing heavily on the work of John Dewey, Kurt Lewin, and Jean Piaget. His work on experiential learning has contributed greatly to expanding the philosophy of experiential education. Overview Experiential learning is learning through reflection on doing, which is often contrasted with rote or didactic learning. Experiential learning focuses on the learning process for the individual. A third example of experiential learning is learning how to ride a bike, a process which can illustrate the widely known four-step experiential learning model (ELM) as purported by Kolb and outlined in Figure 1 below. Implementation Did you notice...? People
Mind mapA mind map about educational technology A mind map is a diagram used to visually organize information. A mind map is hierarchical and shows relationships among pieces of the whole. It is often created around a single concept, drawn as an image in the center of a blank page, to which associated representations of ideas such as images, words and parts of words are added. Major ideas are connected directly to the central concept, and other ideas branch out from those major ideas. Mind maps can also be drawn by hand, either as "rough notes" during a lecture, meeting or planning session, for example, or as higher quality pictures when more time is available. Origins The semantic network was developed in the late 1950s as a theory to understand human learning and developed further by Allan M. Popularisation Buzan says the idea was inspired by Alfred Korzybski's general semantics as popularized in science fiction novels, such as those of Robert A. Guidelines Uses
Reflective Practice: An Approach for Expanding Your Learning Frontiers | Urban Studies and PlanningMind Mapping in Education - MindMeisterIntroduction to developing reflective practice at UKCLEIn exploring how reflective practice can support and aid learning it is helpful to acknowledge how we learn. The following points can be made about the process of learning. First and foremost, learning is individual. All learners start from their own position of knowledge and have their own set of experiences to draw upon. “Reflection is an important human activity in which people recapture their experience, think about it, mull it over and evaluate it. It is at this point that students can make use of feedback from tutors and peers. The final point to acknowledge is that learning is developmental. In summary, we can view reflection as having four main purposes (see figure 1). Reflection helps learners to: understand what they already know (individual) identify what they need to know in order to advance understanding of the subject (contextual) make sense of new information and feedback in the context of their own experience (relational) guide choices for further learning (developmental)
CmapTools - DocumentationThe CmapTools documentation is organized as a Knowledge Model composed of concept maps and associated resources, constructed with CmapTools itself. The following is a categorized list of the Cmaps in the Knowledge Model, for direct access. Home Cmap for the Site Home Cmap of the CmapTools Web site General Descriptions of the CmapTools Toolkit Root Cmap: General Description of Software General Description of the Network Architecture of CmapTools Description of the Various Collaboration Features of CmapTools The Views: Storing and Organizing Cmaps and Knowledge Models on the Network, plus History and Favorites My Cmaps: Storing and Organizing Cmaps and Knowledge Models in your Computer Automatic and On-Demand Generation of Web Page versions of Cmaps User IDs and Passwords for Identification during Collaboration and for Permissions Specific Collaboration Features of CmapTools Synchronous Collaboration: Two or more Users Editing the Same Cmap at the Same Time (Concurrently), with Chat
Practice-based professional learningThe range of concerns may be seen, for example, in the UK Open University's practice-based professional learning centre, one of the Higher Education Funding Council for England's centres for excellence in teaching and learning. Its interests cover the inter-relation of various forms of professional knowledge, ways of fostering them and their co-ordination, workplaces as sites of learning, the assessment of practice-based learning achievements, and the use of modern technologies to support distributed learning. Other centres for excellence occupy some or all of the territory, notably the Professional Development Unit at the University of Chester, SCEPTrE in the University of Surrey, CEPLW in the University of Westminster and NCWBLP in Middlesex University. Interest in this territory is not confined to the UK, with some of the most respected work associated with David Boud at the University of Technology, Sydney, NSW. See also Reflective practice References