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The Anzac landing at Gallipoli

The Anzac landing at Gallipoli
The Anzac landing: overview Why did theAnzacs land? 25 April 1915: Anzac Cove, Gallipoli Historians still debate whether the Anzac troops were landed at the correct place. Why did the Allied commanders send Australian troops to land on a beach before rugged hills, ridges and steep gullies? ‘The attack on Gallipoli was one of the more imaginative strategies of the First World War ... A brief description of the Anzac Landing... It was only shortly after the landing that high command let it be known that an error had been made – the landing should have been made on Brighton Beach, south of Anzac Cove and in a locality of relatively friendly topography. The boat I was in landed on the point. Read a brief description of the landing – an excerpt from Denis Winter's book, 25 April 1915 – The Inevitable Tragedy. more ... Special feature: war correspondents at the landing Reports by war correspondents Landing section highlights ‘First to Fall’ A 'duty clear before us' Signaller Silas at Anzac Related:  9 HISTORYkatelynkarson

First World War Origins The First World War was caused by the destabilisation of the balance of power in Europe due to the rise of Germany. The war began in 1914 when Austria-Hungary invaded Serbia because of the assassination of an archduke. Countries had made alliances with each other, and soon most of Europe was at war. New Zealand was part of the British Empire, and when Britain declared war on Germany, in August 1914, that meant New Zealand was at war too. The two sides were called the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary) and the Allies, which included the British Empire, Russia and France. New Zealand enters the war New Zealand decided to send soldiers to fight in the war for a number of reasons, including New Zealand’s strong ties to Britain and its concern with keeping trade routes open so it could continue to export to Britain. Within a month New Zealand troops had occupied Western Samoa, which was a German territory. Gallipoli Turkey had entered the war on the Central Powers side.

In the trenches of 1914-1918 What were the trenches? Although most of us think primarily of the Great War in terms of life and death in the trenches, only a relatively small proportion of the army actually served there. The trenches were the front lines, the most dangerous places. But behind them was a mass of supply lines, training establishments, stores, workshops, headquarters and all the other elements of the 1914-1918 system of war, in which the majority of troops were employed. The trenches were the domain of the infantry, with the supporting arms of the mortars and machine-guns, the engineers and the forward positions of the artillery observers. Why were the trenches there? The idea of digging into the ground to give some protection from powerful enemy artillery and small arms fire was not a new idea or unique to the Great War. What were the trenches like? The type and nature of the trench positions varied a lot, depending on the local conditions. The enemy had a very similar system of trenches.

Gallipoli time line Gallipoli timeline - Events of 1915 25 April is Anzac Day. It commemorates the landing of the Australia and New Zealand Army Corps at Gallipoli at dawn on 25 April 1915, during the First World War. 25 April 1915 Gallipoli: The Australian and New Zealand Corps (ANZAC) landed at what became known as Anzac Cove on Turkey's Gallipoli Peninsula. 5 - 8 May 1915 The New Zealand Infantry Brigade was deployed south of Cape Helles. 24 May 1915 An armistice was declared at Anzac. 7 August 1915 The Battle of Chunuk Bair began, with the Wellington Battalion capturing the hill the following day. 8 - 20 December 1915 Anzac Cove was evacuated without loss of life. Reports of 1915 Public recognition of the impact of the landings at Gallipoli began in April 1915, after news of the dramatic event had reached New Zealand. "In the early part of the day heavy casualties were suffered in the boats conveying the troops...

Soldier & letter from home Among Our WWI Heroes: A Pigeon named Cher Ami | Cole's Wild Bird Feed It’s one of the most incredible and enduring stories of World War One. A homing pigeon called Cher Ami saved an entire battalion of 194 men. As you’ll see, Cher Ami is a true hero. It was during the battle of Argonne in France. By the second day, more than half the men were dead. Now, the trapped soldiers were left with one pigeon. As Cher Ami took flight for home, the Germans saw her and opened fire. Somehow, even though she was so badly wounded, she rose up and began flying again. The note saved the lives of all 194 men. As a side note, Cher Ami was first thought to be a male or cock pigeon, and that’s why her name is in the masculine French form. Cole’s Wild Bird Products seeks to give all birds, heroic or not, the highest quality bird seed on the market.

Anzac Day - Anzac Day Anzac Day occurs on 25 April. It commemorates all New Zealanders killed in war and also honours returned servicemen and women. The date itself marks the anniversary of the landing of New Zealand and Australian soldiers – the Anzacs – on the Gallipoli Peninsula in 1915. Thousands lost their lives in the Gallipoli campaign: 87,000 Turks, 44,000 men from France and the British Empire, including 8500 Australians. It may have led to a military defeat, but for many New Zealanders then and since, the Gallipoli landings meant the beginning of something else – a feeling that New Zealand had a role as a distinct nation, even as it fought on the other side of the world in the name of the British Empire. Anzac Day was first marked in 1916.

Anzac Day Collection - Collection This documentary gave NZ viewers, for the first time, a Turkish view of the Gallipoli story. Produced for TVNZ and Turkish TV, it focuses on four young people, two Turks and two New Zealanders, descended from Gallipoli veterans, as they explore the grim reality of their ancestors’ experience. Six Māori Battalion soldiers camped in Italian ruins wait for night to fall. The story of the New Zealand Army's (28th) Māori Battalion, this Tainui Stephens documentary tells the stories of five men who served with the unit. This seminal 1984 documentary tells the stories of the New Zealand soldiers who were part of the identity-defining Gallipoli campaign in World War I. Actor Wi Kuki Kaa plays a Vietnam War veteran who is dislocated by his war experience and homeless. Actor Robyn Malcolm visits the towns of Passchendaele and Ypres in Belgium - near the cemetery where her great uncle, Private George Salmond, is buried, and reflects on his sacrifice on foreign whenua.

The Gallipoli campaign Each year on Anzac Day, New Zealanders (and Australians) mark the anniversary of the Gallipoli landings of 25 April 1915. On that day, thousands of young men, far from their homes, stormed the beaches on the Gallipoli Peninsula in what is now Turkey. For eight long months, New Zealand troops, alongside those from Australia, Great Britain and Ireland, France, India, and Newfoundland battled harsh conditions and Ottoman forces desperately fighting to protect their homeland. By the time the campaign ended, more than 130,000 men had died: at least 87,000 Ottoman soldiers and 44,000 Allied soldiers, including more than 8700 Australians. In the wider story of the First World War, the Gallipoli campaign made no large mark.

Source: by concur Aug 12

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