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Ingmar Bergman

Ingmar Bergman
Early life[edit] "I devoted my interest to the church's mysterious world of low arches, thick walls, the smell of eternity, the coloured sunlight quivering above the strangest vegetation of medieval paintings and carved figures on ceilings and walls. There was everything that one's imagination could desire — angels, saints, dragons, prophets, devils, humans". Although raised in a devout Lutheran household, Bergman later stated that he lost his faith at age eight and only came to terms with this fact while making Winter Light in 1962.[4] Bergman’s interest in theatre and film began early: "At the age of nine, he traded a set of tin soldiers for a magic lantern, a possession that altered the course of his life. In 1934, aged 16, he was sent to Germany to spend the summer vacation with family friends. In 1937, he entered Stockholm University College (later renamed Stockholm University), to study art and literature. Career[edit] Film work[edit] Repertory company[edit] Financing[edit] Related:  A-F

Luis Buñuel Luis Buñuel Portolés (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈlwiz βuˈɲwel portoˈles]; 22 February 1900 – 29 July 1983) was a filmmaker who worked in Spain, Mexico and France.[2] When Luis Buñuel died at age 83, his obituary in the New York Times called him "an iconoclast, moralist, and revolutionary who was a leader of avant-garde surrealism in his youth and a dominant international movie director half a century later".[3] His first picture—made in the silent era—was called "the most famous short film ever made" by critic Roger Ebert,[4] and his last film—made 48 years later—won him Best Director awards from the National Board of Review and the National Society of Film Critics.[5] Writer Octavio Paz called Buñuel's work "the marriage of the film image to the poetic image, creating a new reality...scandalous and subversive".[6] Early years (1900–1924)[edit] During his student years, Buñuel became an accomplished hypnotist. Career[edit] First French period (1925–1931)[edit] Un Chien Andalou (1929)[edit]

Ingmar Bergman Ernst Ingmar Bergman, född 14 juli 1918 i Uppsala, död 30 juli 2007 på Fårö, var en svensk film- och teaterregissör, manusförfattare, teaterchef samt dramatiker och författare. Han var en av Sveriges internationellt mest kända kulturpersonligheter och räknas allmänt som en av de främsta regissörerna i filmhistorien. Biografi[redigera | redigera wikitext] Barn- och ungdomsår[redigera | redigera wikitext] Erik Bergman. Ingmar Bergman växte upp i ett prästhem med många religiösa bilder och för barnet konfliktskapande motsägelser, vilket präglade hans arbetsteman livet igenom.[1] Han beskrev ofta motsägelsen mellan det kristna kärleksbudskapet å ena sidan och faderns stränga disciplin och bestraffningar av den fantasistyrde pojken, ett tema som Bergman använde i filmen Fanny och Alexander. Ingmar Bergman var elev vid Palmgrenska samskolan[2], något som inspirerade till skolfilmen Hets (1944), hans första filmatiserade manus. Arbete och medarbetare[redigera | redigera wikitext]

David Lynch David Keith Lynch (born January 20, 1946) is an American film director, television director, visual artist, musician and occasional actor. Known for his surrealist films, he has developed a unique cinematic style, which has been dubbed "Lynchian", a style characterized by its dream imagery and meticulous sound design. The surreal, and in many cases, violent, elements contained within his films have been known to "disturb, offend or mystify" audiences.[2] Over his career, Lynch has received three Academy Award nominations[3] for Best Director and a nomination for best screenplay. Lynch has won France's César Award for Best Foreign Film twice, as well as the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival[4] and a Golden Lion award for lifetime achievement at the Venice Film Festival. Life and career[edit] Early life: 1946–1965[edit] Philadelphia and short films: 1966–1970[edit] Los Angeles and Eraserhead: 1971–1979[edit] Lynch's Eraserhead, featuring Henry Spencer (Jack Nance).

Robert Bresson Robert Bresson (French: [ʁɔbɛʁ bʁɛsɔ̃]; 25 September 1901 – 18 December 1999)[1] was a French film director known for his spiritual and ascetic style. He contributed notably to the art of film and influenced the French New Wave. He is often referred to as the most highly regarded French filmmaker after Jean Renoir.[2] Bresson's influence on French cinema was once described by Jean-Luc Godard, who wrote "Robert Bresson is French cinema, as Dostoevsky is the Russian novel and Mozart is German music. Life and career[edit] Bresson was born at Bromont-Lamothe, Puy-de-Dôme, the son of Marie-Élisabeth (née Clausels) and Léon Bresson.[4] Little is known of his early life. Initially also a photographer, Bresson made his first short film, Les affaires publiques (Public Affairs) in 1934. Themes[edit] Legacy[edit] Worldwide[edit] Bresson's book Notes on the Cinematographer (1975) is one of the most respected books on film theory and criticism. French Cinema and French New Wave[edit] Quotes[edit]

Ingmar Bergman Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bergmann. Ernst Ingmar Bergman est un metteur en scène de théâtre, scénariste et réalisateur de cinéma suédois, né à Uppsala le et mort le sur l'île de Fårö. Biographie[modifier | modifier le code] Enfance[modifier | modifier le code] Erik Bergman, père d'Ingmar Bergman Ingmar Bergman naît en 1918. C’est au sein des proches de la famille qu’il s’épanouit. Quant au théâtre, dans lequel il fait aussi carrière, il s'y rend régulièrement depuis tout jeune. Dans le cadre d’un programme d’échange, il part pour l’Allemagne, dans la région de Thuringe, en 1934. L'école théâtrale[modifier | modifier le code] Le jeune Ingmar Bergman. Au printemps 1939, dans la nécessité de trouver un emploi, il tente sans succès de se faire embaucher au Théâtre dramatique royal de Stockholm, et doit se rabattre sur un poste d’assistant à la mise en scène à l’Opéra royal où il est occasionnellement souffleur.

Quentin Tarantino Early life[edit] Tarantino was born in Knoxville, Tennessee in 1963.[6] He is the son of actor and amateur musician Tony Tarantino and nurse Connie McHugh.[7][8] He has a younger half-brother named Ron. Tarantino grew bored with the James Best Acting School and left after two years, although he kept in touch with all of his acting friends. He then landed a job which threatened to interfere with his long-term acting ambitions.[17] As an employee of Video Archives, a now-defunct video rental store in Manhattan Beach, he and fellow movie enthusiasts (including Roger Avary) discussed cinema and customer video recommendations at length. He paid close attention to the types of films people liked to rent and has cited that experience as inspiration for his directorial career.[18] Tarantino has been quoted as saying: "When people ask me if I went to film school I tell them 'no, I went to films Film career[edit] 1980s[edit] 1990s[edit] 2000s[edit] 2010–present[edit]

Jacques Demy Jacques Demy (French: [dəmi]; 5 June 1931 – 27 October 1990) was one of the most approachable filmmakers to appear in the wake of the French New Wave. Uninterested in the formal experimentation of Alain Resnais, or the political agitation of Jean-Luc Godard, Demy instead created a self-contained fantasy world closer to that of François Truffaut, drawing on musicals, fairytales and the golden age of Hollywood. Career[edit] La Baie des Anges (The Bay of Angels, 1963), starring Jeanne Moreau, took the theme of fate further, with its story of love at the roulette tables. Subsequent films are less highly regarded, but may well be due for reappraisal: David Thomson wrote about "the fascinating application of the operatic technique to an unusually dark story" in Une chambre en ville (A Room in Town, 1982). Jacques Demy died of AIDS (information given in Agnès Varda's 2008 autobiographical movie Les Plages d'Agnès) in 1990 at age 59 and was interred in the Montparnasse Cemetery in Montparnasse.

Entertainment | Film director Bergman dies at 89 Legendary film-maker Ingmar Bergman, one of the key figures in modern cinema, has died at the age of 89. His 60-year career spanned intense classics like Cries & Whispers, The Seventh Seal and Wild Strawberries. He was personally nominated for nine Oscars between 1960 and 1984, while three of his productions won Oscars for best foreign film. Bergman died at his home in Sweden. According to the TT news agency, Bergman died peacefully on Faro Island - or Sheep Island - in the Baltic Sea. Astrid Soderbergh Widding, president of The Ingmar Bergman Foundation, said: "It's an unbelievable loss for Sweden, but even more so internationally." And British film director Ken Russell told the BBC: "He was probably the greatest film maker," describing him as a "very gloomy Swede". "He could hardly bear to watch his own movies, apparently they made him so miserable," he said. Bergman had five marriages and eight children, and his work often explored the tensions between married couples. 'He gave hope'

Terrence Malick Early life[edit] Film career[edit] Malick started his film career after earning an MFA from the AFI Conservatory in 1969, directing the short film "Lanton Mills". At the AFI, he established contacts with people such as Jack Nicholson, longtime collaborator Jack Fisk, and agent Mike Medavoy, who procured for Malick freelance work revising scripts. Paramount Pictures produced Malick's second film, Days of Heaven (1978), about a love triangle that develops in the farm country of the Texas Panhandle in the early 20th century. Chris Wisniewski about Days of Heaven and The New World[17] Following the release of Days of Heaven, Malick began developing a project for Paramount, titled Q, that explored the origins of life on earth. A. Malick's sixth feature, titled To the Wonder,[32] was shot predominately in Bartlesville, Oklahoma, and a few scenes were filmed in Pawhuska, Oklahoma. Personal life[edit] As of at least 2011, Malick resides in Austin, Texas.[46] Filmography[edit] Bibliography[edit]

Claude Chabrol Claude Henri Jean Chabrol (French: [klod ʃabʁɔl]; 1930–2010) was a French film director, a member of the French New Wave (nouvelle vague) group of filmmakers who first came to prominence at the end of the 1950s. Like his colleagues and contemporaries Jean-Luc Godard, François Truffaut, Éric Rohmer and Jacques Rivette, Chabrol was a critic for the influential film magazine Cahiers du cinéma before beginning his career as a film maker. Sometimes characterized as a "mainstream" New Wave director, Chabrol remained prolific and popular throughout his half-century career.[1] In 1978, he cast Isabelle Huppert as the lead in Violette Nozière. On the strength of that effort, the pair went on to others including the successful Madame Bovary (1991) and La Ceremonie (1996). 1930–1957: Early life and journalism career[edit] 1957–1967: Early film career[edit] The most prolific of the major New Wave directors, Chabrol averaged almost one film a year from 1958 until his death.

Bergman begravs på Fårö | Kulturnyheter Det var efter en tids sjukdom som Ingmar Bergman avled tidigt på måndagsmorgonen i sitt hem på gotländska Fårö. Ett par timmar efter att meddelandet om hans död hade nått omvärlden halades flaggorna på halv stång på ön. Ingmar Bergman kom till Fårö första gången 1960, en lika regnig dag som gårdagen, för att söka efter en inspelningsplats till Såsom i en spegel. Sedan 1967 har han haft ön som sin fasta punkt. –Det är många här som har Bergman att tacka för väldigt mycket. På Ica står Gustaf Blochmann och lastar varor i hyllorna och säger ungefär samma sak. Enligt författaren Henning Mankell, gift med Ingmar Bergmans dotter Eva Bergman, kom hans död inte som någon överraskning. –Det är helt enkelt en gammal mans hjärta som har slutat slå. Henning Mankell träffade sin svärfar så sent som för en vecka sedan. Även utanför Svenska filminstitutet, SFI, vid Gärdet i Stockholm vajade flaggorna på halv stång i går. –Det är egentligen omöjligt att föreställa sig att han inte längre finns med oss.

Alfred Hitchcock Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock KBE[1] (* 13. August 1899 in Leytonstone, England; † 29. April 1980 in Los Angeles, Kalifornien) war ein britischer Filmregisseur und Filmproduzent. 1939 siedelte er in die USA über und nahm am 20. April 1955 zusätzlich die amerikanische Staatsbürgerschaft an. Hitchcock gilt, den Stil betreffend, als einer der einflussreichsten Spielfilmregisseure. Am 3. Leben und Werk[Bearbeiten] Kindheit, Jugend und Ausbildung[Bearbeiten] Alfred Hitchcock wurde am 13. 1915 nahm Hitchcock eine Stelle als technischer Angestellter bei der W. Anstellung beim Film[Bearbeiten] Im Frühjahr 1920 hörte Hitchcock von der Neugründung eines Studios der amerikanischen Produktionsgesellschaft Paramount Famous Players-Lasky im Londoner Stadtbezirk Islington. Zurück in England übertrug Michael Balcon Hitchcock 1925 die Regie für einen eigenen Film. Karriere in England[Bearbeiten] Leben und Arbeit in England[Bearbeiten] Englische Meisterwerke[Bearbeiten]

Georges Franju Georges Franju (French: [fʁɑ̃ʒy]; 12 April 1912 – 5 November 1987) was a French filmmaker. He was born in Fougères, Ille-et-Vilaine.[4] Biography[edit] Early life[edit] Before working in French cinema, Franju had several different jobs. Film career[edit] In 1949, Franju began work on a series of nine documentary films. Film style[edit] In her study of French cinema since the French new wave, Claire Clouzot described Franju's film style as heavily influenced by his predecessors. Filmography[edit] As director[edit] Notes[edit] ^ Jump up to: a b Ince, 2005. p.3Jump up ^ Le Ciné-club de Caen: "Georges Franju"Jump up ^ Tribune de Genève: "Il fut l'un des plus grands cinéastes français"^ Jump up to: a b c d e f Brennan, Sandra. References[edit]