Luis Buñuel Luis Buñuel Portolés (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈlwiz βuˈɲwel portoˈles]; 22 February 1900 – 29 July 1983) was a filmmaker who worked in Spain, Mexico and France. When Luis Buñuel died at age 83, his obituary in the New York Times called him "an iconoclast, moralist, and revolutionary who was a leader of avant-garde surrealism in his youth and a dominant international movie director half a century later". His first picture—made in the silent era—was called "the most famous short film ever made" by critic Roger Ebert, and his last film—made 48 years later—won him Best Director awards from the National Board of Review and the National Society of Film Critics. Writer Octavio Paz called Buñuel's work "the marriage of the film image to the poetic image, creating a new reality...scandalous and subversive". Early years (1900–1924) During his student years, Buñuel became an accomplished hypnotist. Career First French period (1925–1931) Un Chien Andalou (1929)
David Lynch David Keith Lynch (born January 20, 1946) is an American film director, television director, visual artist, musician and occasional actor. Known for his surrealist films, he has developed a unique cinematic style, which has been dubbed "Lynchian", a style characterized by its dream imagery and meticulous sound design. The surreal, and in many cases, violent, elements contained within his films have been known to "disturb, offend or mystify" audiences. Over his career, Lynch has received three Academy Award nominations for Best Director and a nomination for best screenplay. Lynch has won France's César Award for Best Foreign Film twice, as well as the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival and a Golden Lion award for lifetime achievement at the Venice Film Festival. Life and career Early life: 1946–1965 Philadelphia and short films: 1966–1970 Los Angeles and Eraserhead: 1971–1979 Lynch's Eraserhead, featuring Henry Spencer (Jack Nance).
Robert Bresson Robert Bresson (French: [ʁɔbɛʁ bʁɛsɔ̃]; 25 September 1901 – 18 December 1999) was a French film director known for his spiritual and ascetic style. He contributed notably to the art of film and influenced the French New Wave. He is often referred to as the most highly regarded French filmmaker after Jean Renoir. Bresson's influence on French cinema was once described by Jean-Luc Godard, who wrote "Robert Bresson is French cinema, as Dostoevsky is the Russian novel and Mozart is German music. Life and career Bresson was born at Bromont-Lamothe, Puy-de-Dôme, the son of Marie-Élisabeth (née Clausels) and Léon Bresson. Little is known of his early life. Initially also a photographer, Bresson made his first short film, Les affaires publiques (Public Affairs) in 1934. Themes Legacy Worldwide Bresson's book Notes on the Cinematographer (1975) is one of the most respected books on film theory and criticism. French Cinema and French New Wave Quotes
Quentin Tarantino Early life Tarantino was born in Knoxville, Tennessee in 1963. He is the son of actor and amateur musician Tony Tarantino and nurse Connie McHugh. He has a younger half-brother named Ron. Tarantino grew bored with the James Best Acting School and left after two years, although he kept in touch with all of his acting friends. He then landed a job which threatened to interfere with his long-term acting ambitions. As an employee of Video Archives, a now-defunct video rental store in Manhattan Beach, he and fellow movie enthusiasts (including Roger Avary) discussed cinema and customer video recommendations at length. He paid close attention to the types of films people liked to rent and has cited that experience as inspiration for his directorial career. Tarantino has been quoted as saying: "When people ask me if I went to film school I tell them 'no, I went to films Film career 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010–present
Jacques Demy Jacques Demy (French: [dəmi]; 5 June 1931 – 27 October 1990) was one of the most approachable filmmakers to appear in the wake of the French New Wave. Uninterested in the formal experimentation of Alain Resnais, or the political agitation of Jean-Luc Godard, Demy instead created a self-contained fantasy world closer to that of François Truffaut, drawing on musicals, fairytales and the golden age of Hollywood. Career La Baie des Anges (The Bay of Angels, 1963), starring Jeanne Moreau, took the theme of fate further, with its story of love at the roulette tables. Subsequent films are less highly regarded, but may well be due for reappraisal: David Thomson wrote about "the fascinating application of the operatic technique to an unusually dark story" in Une chambre en ville (A Room in Town, 1982). Jacques Demy died of AIDS (information given in Agnès Varda's 2008 autobiographical movie Les Plages d'Agnès) in 1990 at age 59 and was interred in the Montparnasse Cemetery in Montparnasse.
Terrence Malick Early life Film career Malick started his film career after earning an MFA from the AFI Conservatory in 1969, directing the short film "Lanton Mills". At the AFI, he established contacts with people such as Jack Nicholson, longtime collaborator Jack Fisk, and agent Mike Medavoy, who procured for Malick freelance work revising scripts. Paramount Pictures produced Malick's second film, Days of Heaven (1978), about a love triangle that develops in the farm country of the Texas Panhandle in the early 20th century. Chris Wisniewski about Days of Heaven and The New World Following the release of Days of Heaven, Malick began developing a project for Paramount, titled Q, that explored the origins of life on earth. A. Malick's sixth feature, titled To the Wonder, was shot predominately in Bartlesville, Oklahoma, and a few scenes were filmed in Pawhuska, Oklahoma. Personal life As of at least 2011, Malick resides in Austin, Texas. Filmography Bibliography
Claude Chabrol Claude Henri Jean Chabrol (French: [klod ʃabʁɔl]; 1930–2010) was a French film director, a member of the French New Wave (nouvelle vague) group of filmmakers who first came to prominence at the end of the 1950s. Like his colleagues and contemporaries Jean-Luc Godard, François Truffaut, Éric Rohmer and Jacques Rivette, Chabrol was a critic for the influential film magazine Cahiers du cinéma before beginning his career as a film maker. Sometimes characterized as a "mainstream" New Wave director, Chabrol remained prolific and popular throughout his half-century career. In 1978, he cast Isabelle Huppert as the lead in Violette Nozière. On the strength of that effort, the pair went on to others including the successful Madame Bovary (1991) and La Ceremonie (1996). 1930–1957: Early life and journalism career 1957–1967: Early film career The most prolific of the major New Wave directors, Chabrol averaged almost one film a year from 1958 until his death.
Alfred Hitchcock Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock KBE (* 13. August 1899 in Leytonstone, England; † 29. April 1980 in Los Angeles, Kalifornien) war ein britischer Filmregisseur und Filmproduzent. 1939 siedelte er in die USA über und nahm am 20. April 1955 zusätzlich die amerikanische Staatsbürgerschaft an. Hitchcock gilt, den Stil betreffend, als einer der einflussreichsten Spielfilmregisseure. Am 3. Leben und Werk[Bearbeiten] Kindheit, Jugend und Ausbildung[Bearbeiten] Alfred Hitchcock wurde am 13. 1915 nahm Hitchcock eine Stelle als technischer Angestellter bei der W. Anstellung beim Film[Bearbeiten] Im Frühjahr 1920 hörte Hitchcock von der Neugründung eines Studios der amerikanischen Produktionsgesellschaft Paramount Famous Players-Lasky im Londoner Stadtbezirk Islington. Zurück in England übertrug Michael Balcon Hitchcock 1925 die Regie für einen eigenen Film. Karriere in England[Bearbeiten] Leben und Arbeit in England[Bearbeiten] Englische Meisterwerke[Bearbeiten]
Georges Franju Georges Franju (French: [fʁɑ̃ʒy]; 12 April 1912 – 5 November 1987) was a French filmmaker. He was born in Fougères, Ille-et-Vilaine. Biography Early life Before working in French cinema, Franju had several different jobs. Film career In 1949, Franju began work on a series of nine documentary films. Film style In her study of French cinema since the French new wave, Claire Clouzot described Franju's film style as heavily influenced by his predecessors. Filmography As director Notes ^ Jump up to: a b Ince, 2005. p.3Jump up ^ Le Ciné-club de Caen: "Georges Franju"Jump up ^ Tribune de Genève: "Il fut l'un des plus grands cinéastes français"^ Jump up to: a b c d e f Brennan, Sandra. References
AMC Movie Guide Bertrand Blier Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Blier. Bertrand Blier est un réalisateur, scénariste et écrivain français, né le 14 mars 1939 à Boulogne-Billancourt (France). Biographie[modifier | modifier le code] Bertrand Blier est le fils de Gisèle Brunet et du comédien Bernard Blier. Le cinéma de Bertrand Blier est résolument anticonformiste et iconoclaste. Filmographie[modifier | modifier le code] Réalisateur et scénariste[modifier | modifier le code] Scénariste[modifier | modifier le code] Assistant réalisateur[modifier | modifier le code] 1959 : Oh! Apparitions à l'écran[modifier | modifier le code] Box-office[modifier | modifier le code] Récompenses[modifier | modifier le code] Théâtre[modifier | modifier le code] Bibliographie[modifier | modifier le code] Notes et références[modifier | modifier le code] Liens externes[modifier | modifier le code] Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : Bertrand Blier, sur Wikimedia Commons
Stanley Kubrick Selbstporträt von Stanley Kubrick, Ende der 1940er Jahre Stanley Kubrick (* 26. Juli 1928 in New York City; † 7. März 1999 im Childwickbury Manor bei London) war ein US-amerikanischer Regisseur, Produzent und Drehbuchautor. Die Hauptthemen seiner Filme sind die Unnahbarkeit der Realität und das Scheitern der Menschlichkeit, ausgedrückt durch das einfache Akzeptieren, das Ignorieren oder das Ringen der Protagonisten mit ihren dunklen, inneren Kräften – auch ihren Trieben. Anfänge und Durchbruch[Bearbeiten] Als Fotograf war er mit investigativer Berichterstattung vertraut; dementsprechend inszenierte er 1950 seinen ersten Dokumentarfilm Day of the Fight, eine, obwohl nur 16 Minuten lange, damals aufsehenerregende Studie über individuelle Leistungen im Boxring. Rückzug nach England und die ersten Kubrick-Filme[Bearbeiten] Der Film Barry Lyndon (1975), nach dem Roman von William Makepeace Thackeray (1844), hingegen war ein kommerzieller Misserfolg. Das spätere Werk[Bearbeiten]
Richard Fleischer Richard O. Fleischer (December 8, 1916 – March 25, 2006) was an American film director. Early life Fleischer was born in Brooklyn, the son of Essie (née Goldstein) and animator/producer Max Fleischer. After graduating from Brown University, he went to Yale School of Drama, where he met his future wife, Mary Dickson. His film career began in 1942 at the RKO studio, directing shorts, documentaries, and compilations of forgotten silent features, which he called "Flicker Flashbacks". Career Fleischer was chairman of Fleischer Studios, which today handles the licensing of Betty Boop and Koko the Clown. Death and legacy He died in his sleep at age 89, after having been in failing health for the better part of a year. Fleischer's 1993 autobiography, Just Tell Me When to Cry, described his many difficulties with actors, writers and producers. Japanese film director Kiyoshi Kurosawa expresses admiration for Fleischer. Filmography Source: Accolades Wins Nominations