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AI, Robotics, and the Future of Jobs

AI, Robotics, and the Future of Jobs
Key Findings The vast majority of respondents to the 2014 Future of the Internet canvassing anticipate that robotics and artificial intelligence will permeate wide segments of daily life by 2025, with huge implications for a range of industries such as health care, transport and logistics, customer service, and home maintenance. But even as they are largely consistent in their predictions for the evolution of technology itself, they are deeply divided on how advances in AI and robotics will impact the economic and employment picture over the next decade. We call this a canvassing because it is not a representative, randomized survey. Key themes: reasons to be hopeful Key themes: reasons to be concerned Some 1,896 experts responded to the following question: The economic impact of robotic advances and AI—Self-driving cars, intelligent digital agents that can act for you, and robots are advancing rapidly. Argument #1: Throughout history, technology has been a job creator—not a job destroyer Related:  Workplace and robotsVers un nouveau modèle dans le travail3. The changing workplace

Robot doctors, online lawyers and automated architects: the future of the professions? | Technology Last year, reporters for the Associated Press attempted to figure out which jobs were being lost to new technology. They analysed employment data from 20 countries and interviewed experts, software developers and CEOs. They found that almost all the jobs that had disappeared in the past four years were not low-skilled, low-paid roles, but fairly well-paid positions in traditionally middle-class careers. Software was replacing administrators and travel agents, bookkeepers and secretaries, and at alarming rates. Economists and futurists know it's not all doom and gloom, but it is all change. Knowledge-based jobs were supposed to be safe career choices, the years of study it takes to become a lawyer, say, or an architect or accountant, in theory guaranteeing a lifetime of lucrative employment. In their much-debated book The Second Machine Age, Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee argued that we now face an intense period of creative destruction.

Les moins de 20 ans veulent être leur propre patron Les jeunes de la Génération Z ne veulent pas entendre parler de l'entreprise que connaissent leurs parents. Ils se rêvent en entrepreneurs et ne sont pas hostiles à connaître plusieurs métiers. Ce sont les jeunes de la Génération Z. Ils ont moins de 20 ans, sont ultra-connectés, adeptes des selfies et ne décrochent pas de leur smartphones. • Des attentes éclectiques vis à vis de l'entreprise. Si l'argent reste un levier non négligeable pour attirer ces jeunes (39% ), d'autres ingrédients doivent absolument être utilisés par les recruteurs. • Une génération d'entrepreneurs. • Des adeptes de «vies plurielles». • Une génération «do it yoursel».

Oakland Pilot Project The idea of “Basic Income” is as follows: give everyone a basic, livable wage without any restrictions, and society’s poverty problems will work themselves out. It’s an expensive thesis that is surprisingly more complex than just “give everyone money,” and Silicon Valley incubator Y Combinator is ready to give the hypothesis a test run in Oakland, California. Y Combinator’s brand new research division, YC Research, has chosen the “Basic Income” plan as its first major project. To help study its efficacy and feasibility, the incubator has chosen Oakland as the site of its new pilot project test. Basic Income isn’t just free money, though. Once it was announced that Oakland would pilot the Basic Income test, local and state politicians voiced their support, including Oakland mayor Libby Schaaf and Rep. Causa Justa :: Just Cause, a community organization fighting against racism and gentrification among other social issues, have voiced skepticism. Photos via Getty Images / Justin Sullivan

Experts pledge to rein in AI research 12 January 2015Last updated at 07:07 ET <div class="warning"><img class="holding" src=" alt="Stephen Hawking" /><p><strong>Please turn on JavaScript.</strong> Media requires JavaScript to play. Stephen Hawking: "Humans, who are limited by slow biological evolution, couldn't compete and would be superseded" Scientists including Stephen Hawking and Elon Musk have signed a letter pledging to ensure artificial intelligence research benefits mankind. The promise of AI to solve human problems had to be matched with safeguards on how it was used, it said. The letter was drafted by the Future of Life Institute, which seeks to head off risks that could wipe out humanity. The letter comes soon after Prof Hawking warned that AI could "supersede" humans. Rampant AI AI experts, robot makers, programmers, physicists and ethicists and many others have signed the open letter penned by the non-profit institute. Rampant AI

The Great Decoupling As machine learning advances at exponential rates, many highly skilled jobs once considered the exclusive domain of humans are increasingly being carried out by computers. Whether that’s good or bad depends on whom you talk to. Technologists and economists tend to split into two camps, the technologists believing that innovation will cure all ills, the economists fretting that productivity gains will further divide the haves from the have-nots. Video Should we create livelihood insurance? Nobel Prize–winning economist Robert Shiller tells McKinsey’s Rik Kirkland how livelihood insurance could protect workers against job automation. Play video To set the context for the debate and to examine potential policy implications for pressing social questions, McKinsey’s Rik Kirkland conducted a series of interviews in January at the World Economic Forum’s annual meeting in Davos. Workforce at risk? Erik Brynjolfsson: In our book, we call it the great paradox of the Second Machine Age.

Le monde de demain selon Pierre Alzingre « La Génération Z est plus solidaire, plus entreprenante que les générations précédentes [...]. Je suis certain qu'elle va faire exploser les régimes en place, non par la révolution, mais par une simple clarté d’esprit associée à la force de l’action. Pierre Alzingre est le fondateur de Visionari, une agence de conseil en innovation qui aide les marques et les entreprises autour de deux objectifs: développer la marque comme un symbole de qualité et de garantie, et concevoir l’innovation comme un outil de management et de pérennité pour l’entreprise. Visionari conçoit également des événements collaboratifs comme La Start-up est dans le pré, Start’up Lycées ou Start'up Game dans les universités ou les écoles de commerce. Quelles sont d’après vous les trois tendances à l’oeuvre aujourd’hui et qui font le monde de demain? La deuxième tendance est celle du « nous ». La troisième tendance est liée aux deux premières : c'est celle du potentiel des entrepreneurs. Découvrez d'autres interviews :

Martin Luther King's Economic Dream: A Guaranteed Income for All Americans - The Atlantic One of the more under-appreciated aspects of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s legacy is that by the end of his career, he had fashioned himself into a crusader against poverty, not just among blacks, but all Americans. So what, exactly, was King's economic dream? To be crystal clear, a guaranteed income—or a universal basic income, as it's sometimes called today—is not the same as a higher minimum wage. King had an even more expansive vision. It was time, he believed, for a more straightforward approach: the government needed to make sure every American had a reasonable income. In part, King's thinking seemed to stem from a sense that no matter how strongly the economy might grow, it would never eliminate poverty entirely, or provide jobs for all. We have come a long way in our understanding of human motivation and of the blind operation of our economic system. Note, King did not appear to be arguing that Washington should simply pay people not to work. More than basic, actually.

Does your leadership team understand the true impact of intelligent technology? | PatChapmanPincher Pat Chapman-Pincher posted this on Professor Stephen Hawking believes artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race. Others are less pessimistic. Rollo Carpenter, creator of Cleverbot, says: “I believe we will remain in charge of the technology for a decently long time and the potential of it to solve many of the world problems will be realised”. My own view tends more towards Mr Carpenter’s, but I also don’t believe that CEOs or management teams have really understood the impact of software that “solves world problems”. Here I set out what I see as your future and how boards should manage this rapidly changing landscape. 1. Yes, yes, yes. In a lifetime of working in technology I’ve been able to see the future happening – often when boards have not. And now we are at one of those moments again, when the world as we know it is beginning to shift dramatically. How would that feel? That is exactly what’s happening to the computing power that surrounds us. 2. 3.

Comment l'Internet des Objets affecte l'administration des réseaux Vous l'avez très certainement remarqué, le concept de l'Internet des Objets (Internet of Things) fait couler beaucoup d'encre et influence des domaines extrêmement variés : il révolutionne la fabrication, l'agriculture, la médecine et notre vie quotidienne ; prendra en charge de nouvelles fonctionnalités ; et annonce le début d'une nouvelle ère. Or, l'Internet des Objets s'appuie sur des réseaux, et les technologies de mise en réseau sont déployées et gérées par des hommes — au premier chef, des administrateurs. Pourtant, depuis quelques années, ces administrateurs réseau sont invités à « faire plus avec moins », à savoir moins d'argent et moins d'effectifs. Où en est l'Internet des Objets aujourd'hui ? Depuis quelque temps, je réfléchis aux effets que peut avoir l'Internet des Objets sur les réseaux et leur administration, et j'ai élaboré quelques théories à ce sujet. Dans les grandes lignes, cette étude et ces tables rondes ont confirmé mes hypothèses.

Ces jeunes talents qui partent en courant Par manque de vision, de flexibilité et de confiance en leurs collaborateurs, les organisations traditionnelles ne savent plus recruter ni retenir les profils qui pensent et agissent en dehors des cadres. Ces derniers, sans terrains d’action et d’expression suffisants, préfèrent de plus en plus souvent tenter leur chance ailleurs. Pourtant, eux seuls peuvent tirer les entreprises de leur torpeur et les accompagner dans un monde en transition qu’elles ne comprennent plus (ou moins). En 2002, le réalisateur Cédric Klapisch marquait une génération entière avec la dernière scène de L’Auberge Espagnole : Xavier (Romain Duris) fuit en courant le Ministère des finances où il doit commencer son job, ivre de liberté. Alors faut-il vraiment être cinglé ou naïf pour plonger dans le grand bain du non-emploi ? Eux vous diront qu’il faut surtout être cinglé pour prendre chaque jour le métro à l’heure de pointe, à Paris, Londres ou New York.

Nixon’s Basic Income Plan Our new issue, “Between the Risings,” is out now. To celebrate its release, international subscriptions are $25 off, and limited prints of our Easter 1916 cover are available. It was the summer of ’68, the end of the decade that brought us flower power and Woodstock, rock and roll and Vietnam, Martin Luther King and a feminist revolution. While young demonstrators the world over were taking to the streets, five famous economists — John Kenneth Galbraith, Harold Watts, James Tobin, Paul Samuelson, and Robert Lampman — wrote that “[t]he country will not have met its responsibility until everyone in the nation is assured an income no less than the officially recognized definition of poverty.” The next year, Richard Nixon was on the verge of making these economists’ dream a reality by enacting an unconditional income for all poor families. First, however, Nixon needed some evidence. The answers were no, no, and maybe. Working-hour reductions were low across the board. The Irony of History

The future of jobs: The onrushing wave IN 1930, when the world was “suffering…from a bad attack of economic pessimism”, John Maynard Keynes wrote a broadly optimistic essay, “Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren”. It imagined a middle way between revolution and stagnation that would leave the said grandchildren a great deal richer than their grandparents. But the path was not without dangers. One of the worries Keynes admitted was a “new disease”: “technological unemployment…due to our discovery of means of economising the use of labour outrunning the pace at which we can find new uses for labour.” For the most part, they did not. For much of the 20th century, those arguing that technology brought ever more jobs and prosperity looked to have the better of the debate. When the sleeper wakes Yet some now fear that a new era of automation enabled by ever more powerful and capable computers could work out differently. Be that as it may, drudgery may soon enough give way to frank unemployment. The lathe of heaven

The next frontier The best way to think of new practice areas today is not so much within prescribed categories of law, but rather multi-area practices that will be called upon to service new businesses as they emerge and mature. Think of the legal challenges posed by digital currency, apps, new forms of social media, new Internet platforms, online and mobile gaming, emerging forms of communication, not to mention evolution of societal and family norms, and the globalization of business and commerce. Just ask Vancouver-based lawyer Steve Szentesi of Steve Szentesi Law Corp. who works in advertising and marketing law, and recently worked on a file that required him to apply Canada’s Anti-Spam Legislation to a shopping related app. “The technology was new — a start-up — and so was the law [CASL], so it was an example of trying to apply the law to new technology,” he says. Clients are also increasingly demanding advice for global Internet applications and social media. Electronic commerce/mobile wallet

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