Silicon Chips Wired With Nerve Cells Could Enable New Brain/Machine Interfaces It's reminiscent of Cartman's runaway Trapper Keeper notebook in that long-ago episode of South Park, but researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison may be scratching the surface of a new kind of brain/machine interface by creating computer chips that are wired together with living nerve cells. A team there has found that mouse nerve cells will connect with each other across a network of tiny tubes threaded through a semiconductor material. It's not exactly clear at this point how the nerve cells are functioning, but what is clear is that the cells seem to have an affinity for the tiny tubes, and that alone has some interesting implications. To create the nerve-chip hybrid, the researchers created tubes of layered silicon and germanium that are large enough for the nerve cells' tendrils to navigate but too small for the actual body of the cell to pass through. What isn't clear is whether or not the cells are actually communicating with each other they way they would naturally.
Noddy (character) Noddy is a character created by English children's author Enid Blyton, originally published between 1949 and 1963. Television shows based on the character have run on British television since 1955 and continue to appear to this day. Noddy is a self-employed taxi driver. Noddy's constant companion and household pet is the exuberant "Bumpy Dog". Noddy is kind and honest, but he often gets in trouble, either through his own misunderstandings, or because someone (usually the naughty goblins Sly and Gobbo) has played a trick on him. Noddy's best friends are Big Ears, Tessie Bear, Bumpy Dog and the Tubby Bears. Noddy has many run-ins with PC Plod, the local policeman. Early Noddy books have become collectibles, along with other Blytons. Noddy Goes to Toyland (1949)Hurrah for Little Noddy (1950)Noddy and His Car (1951)Here Comes Noddy Again! Noddy and Mr Plod, as depicted in the 2000s (decade) TV production. The original Noddy stories featured golliwogs – black-faced woollen dolls.
SCHOPENHAUER'S 38 STRATAGEMS Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860), was a brilliant German philosopher. These 38 Stratagems are excerpts from "The Art of Controversy", first translated into English and published in 1896. Carry your opponent's proposition beyond its natural limits; exaggerate it. The more general your opponent's statement becomes, the more objections you can find against it. (abstracted from the book:Numerical Lists You Never Knew or Once Knew and Probably Forget, by: John Boswell and Dan Starer) DICE Framework (BCG) What is the DICE Framework? Description The DICE Framework is a tool of the Boston Consulting Group (BCG) that can be used to calculate how well a company is implementing its change initiatives, or how well it will be able to implement its change initiatives. Can we expect certain initiatives to be successful or are they doomed to failure from their inception? D: Duration. The DICE framework builds a continuum: At one extreme there are short projects which are led by a skilled, motivated, and cohesive team. Origin of the DICE Framework. The DICE Framework is based on a 1992-1994 research project by BCG that analyzed 225 companies. Calculation of the DICE Framework. By using a set of simple questions, each factor must be given a score from 1 (very favorable) to 4 (highly unlikely to contribute to success). 7 is the best possible score. 28 the worst. Usage of the DICE Framework. Track the score of a project over time. Strengths of the DICE Framework. Limitations of the DICE Framework.
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Ulam’s Prime Number Spiral There is an infinite number of prime numbers, and yet the prime numbers themselves do not display any apparent pattern, nor does any formula exist that generates prime numbers. In fact, Legendre proved that there cannot be an algebraic function which always gives primes. However, prime numbers do exhibit a curious phenomenon when arranged in a spiral along with other consecutive integers, as in the figure to the right (in the figure, prime numbers are highlighted in white, twin primes are green, and Mersenne primes are red). The Phenomenon It was first noticed by the physicist Stanisław Ulam in 1963, when he got bored in a meeting and started doodling spirals of numbers. He noticed that, if he makes a spiral of consecutive integers, and circles only the prime numbers, strange diagonal “lines” of prime numbers emerge. This is quite surprising, since we would intuitively expect a random distribution of prime numbers. Application Conclusions Extreme Spirals
List of unsolved problems in philosophy This is a list of some of the major unsolved problems in philosophy. Clearly, unsolved philosophical problems exist in the lay sense (e.g. "What is the meaning of life?", "Where did we come from?", "What is reality?" Aesthetics Essentialism In art, essentialism is the idea that each medium has its own particular strengths and weaknesses, contingent on its mode of communication. Art objects This problem originally arose from the practice rather than theory of art. While it is easy to dismiss these assertions, further investigation[who?] Epistemology Epistemological problems are concerned with the nature, scope and limitations of knowledge. Gettier problem In 1963, however, Edmund Gettier published an article in the periodical Analysis entitled "Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?" In response to Gettier's article, numerous philosophers have offered modified criteria for "knowledge." Infinite regression Molyneux problem Münchhausen trilemma 
Considerations Changing Organization Cultures "Because it entails introducing something new and substantially different from what prevails in existing cultures, cultural innovation is (...) more difficult than cultural maintenance. When innovation occurs, some things replace or displace others... People often resist such changes. They have good reasons to. The successful management of the processes of culture change or culture creation often entails convincing people that likely gains outweigh the losses". In their excellent book "The Cultures of Work Organizations", Harrison Trice and Janice Beyer provide a number of ideas that you should remember and consider when you are changing the culture of an organization: Capitalize on Propitious Moments.
First Image Made of an Atom Spinning Physicists have discovered a way to play with matter on a subatomic scale, reaching into atoms to manipulate the spin of electrons. What's more, the scientists were able to capture the first images of the action with a special microscope. Spin is one of three basic properties of electrons, along with charge and mass. Basically, spin describes an electron's angular momentum, which is related to the way an electron moves around an atom's nucleus (which includes the protons and neutrons) – the spin can either be "up" or "down." In the new study, researchers figured out how to change the spin of electrons in cobalt atoms (a metallic element with 27 protons and 27 electrons). They used a custom-built microscope with a minute iron-coated tip to "see" the atoms and create the first images of electron spin being manipulated. On scales this small, it's impossible to take a picture using visible light, as the wavelengths are bigger than the objects they would reflect off of.