10 landscape photography mistakes every photographer makes (and how to fix them) Landscape photography is one of the most popular photographic subjects and there are superb images everywhere to inspire us. But there are a few pitfalls that can trouble even experienced photographers. Don’t despair, though; our head of testing, Angela Nicholson, has put together a list of the most common landscape photography mistakes every photographer is guilty of at one point or another, and has some great advice to help you avoid any landscape errors in the future. Landscape Photography Mistake No. 1: Wonky horizons Some people seem to have a gift for holding a camera level, while others appear have the complete opposite blessing. Getting the horizon level when you’re shooting from an unusual angle is especially tricky, and if you don’t get it right you’ll have to rotate and crop the image post-capture, especially if there’s water in it. The easiest solution is to use a level to indicate when the camera is on an even keel.
Nikon metering patterns: what are matrix, centre-weighted and spot modes? What are Nikon’s matrix, centre-weighted and spot metering modes (and when should you use them)? In this quick tutorial written by our friends at the Nikon magazine N-Photo you’ll find out everything you need to know about Nikon metering patterns. The light metering systems on modern digital SLRs are complex and sophisticated, but they’re still not foolproof. That’s why your Nikon has a choice of metering patterns for use in different situations. By default, Nikon DSLRs use so-called ‘matrix’ metering. The camera then builds up a picture of the distribution of light in the scene and checks this against an internal ‘database’ to try to work out what kind of subject you’re shooting and the exposure that will give the best result. It sounds really clever – and it is – but ultimately the camera can only guess at your intentions. That’s why your Nikon camera also has centre-weighted and spot metering modes. SEE MORE: DX format vs FX format – what you need to know about Nikon’s sensor sizes
13 camera settings every new photographer should know Digital SLRs are loaded with menus, controls and a bucketload of customisation options that are designed to make photography easier, but which can, in fact, make it more complicated and confusing to beginners. You can of course dial up a DSLR’s green auto mode setting and treat the camera like a point-and-shoot, but this way you’ll learn precious little about the technical side of picture-taking. So, we’re going back to basics here with a guide to the 13 camera settings we think every new photography should know. Discover how the new cloud-based platform rista can simplify your photo management 1. The aperture is the opening in the lens, formed by a set of diaphragm blades. As well as its role in exposure, the choice of aperture also has an affect on the depth of field. But when you’re photographing a portrait you’ll want to reduce the depth of field, in order to make the person you’re photographing stand out from the background.
Stop wasting pictures! 10 tips for bagging keepers every time No one likes wasting pictures. And the real beauty of taking photos with a digital camera is that it’s so easy to learn from your mistakes. Simply press the shutter button and you’ll see the result instantly on the camera’s LCD screen, so you can assess it at once. It’s easy to zoom in on your photo composition, check the exposure, and confirm whether you have used the right camera settings. Then, if you haven’t quite nailed the shot you wanted, you can retake the picture until you’re totally happy with the result. As any convert to digital knows, retaking an image costs nothing. But getting a second shot that’s better than the first can be tricky. But sometimes re-shooting is simply not an option – the moment has passed – so you need to know how to edit and improve your images digitally. 1. You can easily get so carried away shooting your subject that you forget to scan the viewfinder carefully. Photoshop to the rescue 2. This landscape suffers from a rather dull sky and lack of impact 1.
What is maximum aperture? Which lenses go widest (and why it matters) What is maximum aperture? It’s a question we often hear from new photographers who are getting to grips with their lenses or trying to understand depth of field. In this guide we explain what it means to set the maximum aperture, which lenses go widest and what you actually gain in terms of your images. Click on the infographic to see the larger version, or drag and drop to your desktop to save. The aperture setting of the lens controls the amount of light that passes through, so you can use this setting as part of your exposure adjustments. In dim light you can use a wider lens aperture so that more of the light gets through to reach the sensor, and in bright light you can use a smaller lens aperture to reduce the intensity. There are other exposure adjustments too, of course, including the shutter speed, or exposure time, and the ISO, or sensitivity setting of the sensor. SEE MORE: What is aperture – everything you need to know about controlling light creatively
o interpretar um Histograma Esse gráfico diz muito sobre nossa imagem, e muitas vezes por não saber como interpretá-lo acabamos tendo impressões erradas sobre a foto – o que não é legal! Quando olhamos a foto no visor da câmera ou do computador nós estamos vendo somente a interpretação desses dispositivos quanto à verdadeira imagem. A única forma de saber a verdadeira informação contida naquela imagem é vendo isso graficamente. E é aí que entra o Histograma! Como ele é e onde encontrá-lo O Histograma é um lindo, simpático e inconfudível gráfico: Nas câmeras digitais o histograma costuma aparecer quando definimos mostrar mais informações / detalhes sobre a foto que foi tirada. procure, no manual do seu equipamento, os botões usados para mostrar o histograma. Nos programas de edição você facilmente vai encontrar uma janela chamada histograma/histogram. mostrando o histograma no photoshop No Lightroom o histograma da foto selecionada aparece no canto superior direito da tela: localização do histograma no lightroom Na prática
10 camera settings you don't use (and which you probably should) It’s easy to fall into a pattern when you take pictures, favouring some subjects and overlooking others, and sticking to the camera settings you know rather than experimenting with those you don’t. Sometimes it takes looking over your portfolio as a whole in your photo management software of choice to realise just what kind of a rut your photography is stuck in. But never fear – here are 10 shooting options you should explore in order to get the most from your camera and start breathing new life into your pictures… DON’T MISS: Discover how the new irista platform can simplify your photo management 1. Switching to Manual mode has two big advantages: You base your exposures on what you can see looks right, rather than what the camera’s exposure metering system imagines you want.You can use a constant exposure for a series of shots taken in the same light, without the camera making unnecessary adjustments. 2. Instead, switch your camera to the Daylight preset. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
Timelapse Photography Tutorial: An Overview of Shooting, Processing and Rendering Timelapse Movies You’ve probably stumbled upon an incredible work of time-lapse where you just couldn’t get the images and the feelings out of your head. Possibly you are fascinated by nature and the slow changes that occur over a period of time. A flower blooming, a sunset or a moonrise. I thought I’d share a few tips I’ve learned over the years as well as touch on the basics for new and intermediate DSLR photographers who might want to try time-lapse. We know that time-lapse is all about the capture of change in a way that we can’t normally see. What is Time-lapse Photography? Time-lapse photography is a cinematography technique whereby the frequency at which film frames are captured (aka the frame rate) is much lower than that which will be used to play the sequence back. The best way to get a greater feel for the power of time-lapse is to watch a few. Timelapse – The City Limits from Dominic on Vimeo. It’s so much more than a gee whiz editing effect. The Basics of Shooting Time-lapse We attempt: P.S.
Canon vs Nikon: the DSLR comparison you've been waiting for! Canon vs Nikon: which DSLR system is best? A question that has frustrated many of the world’s greatest philosophers and may even have troubled the UN… Our in-depth comparison examines each system’s cameras, lenses, key features and much more. Who makes the best DSLRs, Canon or Nikon? It’s the impossible question. If it wasn’t, one of these giants of the camera industry would be out of business by now. The fact is, Canon and Nikon offer some of the best cameras, lenses, flash systems and accessories – and they have done for years. Whichever line you choose, you’re investing in an extensive, well-supported system that caters for everyone, from beginners to experts, from wedding photographers to wildlife pros. Has that stopped forums descending into flame wars over whether Canon or Nikon is best? In fact, it’s quite common to find photographers swapping systems, moving from Canon to Nikon or from Nikon to Canon. Back in the real world, the majority of us can’t afford to dance between systems.
10 rules of photo composition (and why they work) In photography, it’s not just what you shoot that counts – the way that you shoot it is crucial, too. Poor photo composition can make a fantastic subject dull, but a well-set scene can create a wonderful image from the most ordinary of situations. With that in mind, we’ve picked our top 10 photo composition ‘rules’ to show you how to transform your images, as well as offered some of our best photography tips from the experts who do it on a daily basis. Don’t feel that you’ve got to remember every one of these laws and apply them to each photo you take. Photo composition doesn’t have to be complicated. In the real world, you’ll be working with a wide range of subjects and scenes, and this requires a more open-minded approach. The key thing is to understand how all the decisions you make about composition can affect the way a shot looks and how people perceive your photos. Technical know-how is very important in photography, of course, and even in some aspects of photo composition.
3 camera lessons every new photographer should learn (free cheat sheet) If you’ve just bought your first camera, you’re probably finding a bit of a learning curve in getting up to speed with all of its bells and whistles. There are a number of great beginner photography tutorials out there that can help you get to grips with all that functionality. Before you get you get started, though, there are three fundamental concepts you need to understand: how your camera’s shutter speed scale works; how focal length affects your composition; and how your aperture controls what’s sharp. We’ve explained each of these concepts below, and we’ve also compiled everything into a handy photography cheat sheet for you to download and save! SEE MORE: First camera crash course – simple solutions for mastering your new DSLR Click on the infographic to see the larger version, or drag and drop to your desktop to save. Camera Lesson No. 1: Get to know the shutter speed scale Your shutter speed is one of the two ways of controlling the exposure (the other is the lens aperture).
Out of Focus Foreground Framing - Digital Photography School This is one of my favorite compositional techniques: it is something I do a lot. I think it’s becoming a signature part of my style. I didn’t realize this until a photographer friend showed me a photo he had taken (utilizing this technique) and showed it to me saying it was his ‘Jacinda shot’ or something like that. Here are some examples: All you have to do is find something you can shoot behind. This next one is from a birthday party and uses the streamers in the room to frame the subject: If there are two people sitting or standing close to each other, try shooting ‘through’ them. ? When things get in the way: use them to your advantage. ? Use other faces: I love long grass in photos! Use a wall. Set the camera close to the ground, and the out of focus ground in the foreground will add that extra depth to your photograph! Anyway, I hope that was helpful! Jacinda Setiawan is the photographer of of Jacinda Photography.