Freemasonry Freemasonry is a fraternal organisation that traces its origins to the local fraternities of stonemasons, which from the end of the fourteenth century regulated the qualifications of masons and their interaction with authorities and clients. The degrees of freemasonry, its gradal system, retain the three grades of medieval craft guilds, those of Apprentice, journeyman or fellow (now called Fellowcraft), and Master Mason. These are the degrees offered by craft, or blue lodge Freemasonry. The basic, local organisational unit of Freemasonry is the lodge. Masonic Lodge Palazzo Roffia, Lodge in Italy set out for French (Moderns) ritual The Masonic Lodge is the basic organisational unit of Freemasonry. The bulk of Masonic ritual consists of degree ceremonies. Most lodges have some sort of social calendar, allowing Masons and their partners to meet in a less ritualised environment. Often coupled with these events is the obligation placed on every Mason to contribute to charity. History
Stanford Artificial Intelligence Laboratory 10 TED Talks on predicting the future Art Playlist: 9 talks that give a new view of nature Most people rarely feel compelled to stare at grains of sand. But when those same grains are magnified hundreds of times and rendered in three dimensions, they appear like individual pieces of colored glass crafted by a skilled artist — no two pieces the same. Playlist A TEDx playlist: 6 talks that became phenomena As of this week, more than 20,000 TEDxTalks have been given at 5,000+ events held in 137 countries around the globe.
Intelligent Machines: The truth behind AI fiction Image copyright Thinkstock Artificial intelligence (AI) is the science of making smart machines, and it has come a long way since the term was coined in the 1950s. Nowadays, robots work alongside humans in hotels and factories, while driverless cars are being test driven on the roads. Behind the scenes, AI engines in the form of smart algorithms "work" on stock exchanges, offer up suggestions for books and films on Amazon and Netflix and even write the odd article. But AI does not have the greatest public image - often due to sci-fi films that display dystopian visions of robots taking over the world. Over the next week, the BBC will be looking into all aspects of artificial intelligence - from how to build a thinking machine, to the ethics of doing so, to questions about whether an AI can ever be creative. For many, the only reference point they have for AI comes from films. The all-knowing machine Image copyright ALAMY/IBM Hal is perhaps the most famous AI turned bad. The killer robot
Slashdot: News for nerds, stuff that matters Aviation Weather Cameras - Home Human cues used to improve computer user-friendliness Lijun Yin wants computers to understand inputs from humans that go beyond the traditional keyboard and mouse. "Our research in computer graphics and computer vision tries to make using computers easier," says the Binghamton University computer scientist. "Can we find a more comfortable, intuitive and intelligent way to use the computer? It should feel like you're talking to a friend. This could also help disabled people use computers the way everyone else does." Yin's team has developed ways to provide information to the computer based on where a user is looking as well as through gestures or speech. To some extent, that's already possible. Yin says the next step would be enabling the computer to recognize a user's emotional state. "Computers only understand zeroes and ones," Yin says. He's partnering with Binghamton University psychologist Peter Gerhardstein to explore ways this work could benefit children with autism. Imagine if a computer could understand when people are in pain.
Cleantech News — Solar, Wind, EV News (#1 Source) | CleanTechnica Enthusiasts and Skeptics Debate Artificial Intelligence Kurt Andersen wonders: If the Singularity is near, will it bring about global techno-Nirvana or civilizational ruin? Artificial intelligence is suddenly everywhere. It’s still what the experts call “soft A.I.,” but it is proliferating like mad. We’re now accustomed to having conversations with computers: to refill a prescription, make a cable-TV-service appointment, cancel an airline reservation—or, when driving, to silently obey the instructions of the voice from the G.P.S. But until the other morning I’d never initiated an elective conversation with a talking computer. Siri appeared on my phone three years ago, a few months after the IBM supercomputer Watson beat a pair of Jeopardy! Machines performing unimaginably complicated calculations unimaginably fast—that’s what computers have always done. Those questions might seem like the stuff of late-night dorm-room bull sessions. The two camps of digerati, Singularitarians versus skeptics, started forming at the end of the 20th century.
Basic Questions Next: Branches of AI Up: WHAT IS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE? Previous: WHAT IS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE? Q. What is artificial intelligence? A. It is the science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs. Q. A. Q. A. Q. A. Q. A. Q. A. However, some of the problems on IQ tests are useful challenges for AI. Q. Arthur R. Whether or not Jensen is right about human intelligence, the situation in AI today is the reverse. Computer programs have plenty of speed and memory but their abilities correspond to the intellectual mechanisms that program designers understand well enough to put in programs. Whenever people do better than computers on some task or computers use a lot of computation to do as well as people, this demonstrates that the program designers lack understanding of the intellectual mechanisms required to do the task efficiently. Q. A. Q. A. Q. A. The Turing test is a one-sided test. Q. A. Q. A. Q. A. Q. A. Q. A. Q. A. Q. A. Q. A. Q. A. Q.
Transition to the New Order Described as the great dhalang ("puppet master"), Sukarno drew power from balancing the opposing and increasingly antagonistic forces of the army and Indonesian Communist Party (PKI). By 1965, the PKI extensively penetrated all levels of government and gained influence at the expense of the army. On September 30, 1965, six of the military's most senior officers were killed in an action (generally labeled an "attempted coup") by the so-called 30 September Movement, a group from within the armed forces. Within a few hours, Major General Suharto mobilized forces under his command and took control of Jakarta. Anti-communists, initially following the army's lead, went on a violent purge of communists throughout the country, killing an estimated half million people and destroying the PKI, which was officially blamed for the crisis. Background Sukarno, President of Indonesia (1945-1967) in undated photo From the late 1950s, political conflict and economic deterioration worsened.