Understanding MARC Bibliographic: Parts 1 to 6 Library of Congress >> MARC >> Understanding MARC Part I: What Does MARC Mean? Part II: Why Is a MARC Record Necessary? Cataloging 101: May/June 2008 Sandra Q. Williams This is the final column of the Cataloging 101 series by Sandra Q. Home - Cataloging Tools and Resources - LibGuides at American Library Association To "catalog" a book or other form of library material involves several interrelated processes which all contribute to the achievement of Charles Ammi Cutter's "objects" for a catalog: To enable a person to find a book of which the author, title, or subject is known To show what the library has by a given author, on a given subject, or in a given kind of literature, and To assist in the choice of a book. (Adapted Rules for a Printed Dictionary Catalogue, by Charles Ammi Cutter, 4th ed., 1904, p. 12.)
Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR /ˈfɜːrbər/) is a conceptual entity–relationship model developed by the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) that relates user tasks of retrieval and access in online library catalogues and bibliographic databases from a user’s perspective. It represents a more holistic approach to retrieval and access as the relationships between the entities provide links to navigate through the hierarchy of relationships. The model is significant because it is separate from specific cataloguing standards such as Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules (AACR) or International Standard Bibliographic Description (ISBD). User tasks The ways that people can use FRBR data have been defined as follows: to find entities in a search, to identify an entity as being the correct one, to select an entity that suits the user's needs, or to obtain an entity (physical access or licensing). FRBR comprises groups of entities:
Six tools to simplify cataloging Over the past year, I’ve discovered a number of handy, free tools for cataloging those materials we receive that do not come pre-cataloged. Here are a handful of tools that could save you lots of time. 1. Classify offers automated advice for assigning classification numbers and subject headings. Searchable by standard numbers, author, title, and subject heading, the database covers books, magazines, journals, and music and video recordings. METIS - School Library Cataloging What it is:Named after the mother of Athena, this library classification system for children PreK through 5 was created in 2011 by a team of librarians in New York who were questioning the use of the Dewey Decimal System in their library. They wanted to create a system that would better suit children and their ways of searching, creating a system that was more intuitive and followed their intellectual development more closely. Since the introduction of the system, the library has seen a significant increase in circulation, especially with children in grades three to five (Copeland, 2013).Please note that this system was created for a particular library in mind, but can be modified for use in other libraries.
Going Dewey-Lite…or even Dewey-Less – QSLiN Going Dewey-Lite…or even Dewey-Less I’m ashamed to say that when dumping the Dewey Decimal System was suggested to me by an elementary school library volunteer, I huffed and puffed and continued to classify with those numbers. If I only knew then, what I know now!
RDA Core Elements Core elements in Resource Description & Access (RDA) are minimum elements required for describing resources. Core elements are a new feature of RDA which allowed for certain metadata elements to be identified as “required” in the cataloging process. The assignment of core status is based on attributes mandatory for a national level record, as documented in the FRBR/FRAD modules. At a minimum, a bibliographic description should include all the required core elements that are applicable. Authority Control Authority Control is a process that organizes bibliographic information in library catalogs by using a single, distinct spelling of a name (heading) or a subject for each topic. Authority Record is a record which gives the authoritative form (the form selected for a heading) of a personal name, corporate name, family name, place name, uniform or preferred title, series title, subject, etc. in the library catalog or the file of bibliographic records, and are listed in an authority file containing headings of library items. [under revision] To ensure consistency, an authority record is created for each authorized heading (authorized access point) for a proper name or a subject, etc. An authority record is made when a heading is established, i.e., authorized for use as the main entry (preferred title and, if appropriate, the authorized access point for the creator), an added entry, or subject entry, for the first time, while cataloging of a library item. Help us improve this article!
Access Point Access Point refers to a name, term, code, heading, word, phrase, etc., a unit of information representing a specific entity that can serve as a search key in information retrieval, under which a library catalog or bibliographic database may be searched and library materials may be identified and retrieved. Access points are the indexed elements of an authority or bibliographic records that helps make the record searchable and identifiable. In a catalog, index, or other organized systems some examples of access points are, author, title, name (person, family, corporate body, etc.), subjects (topical, geographical, etc.), classification or call number, and codes such as ISBN, etc. which are chosen by the cataloger or indexer, when creating a bibliographic, authority, or metadata record (a surrogate), to enable the retrieval of the record. ContentsTypes of Access PointsExamples of Access PointAccess Point in Statement of International Cataloguing Principles (ICP)
Cataloger's Reference Directory: Tools and Resources for Cataloging and Metadata Librarians 100+ Most Important Cataloging Tools and Resources for Cataloging and Metadata Librarians and Catalogers. Cataloger's Reference Directory is a collection of top free and paid cataloging and bibliographic metadata resources. It includes sources for descriptive cataloging, subject cataloging, authority control, classification, subject headings, subject indexing, and metadata description. eCataloger [The eCataloger application provides cataloging utilities to create an eLibrary for an individual or small organization. The research goal of eCataloger is on creating semantic services for artifacts.
Resource Description and Access (RDA) CAN A RECORD CATALOGED BY THE RDA STANDARD BE READILY IDENTIFIED? Yes, an RDA record will have both a value of “i” coded for Description and a 040 $e rda.WHAT DIFFERENCES WILL I SEE IN MY MARC RECORDS? You will see some notable differences in MARC records cataloged under the RDA standards. Chapter 1 - Guidelines for Standardized Cataloging for Children Joanna F. Fountain, for the Association for Library Collections & Technical Services, Cataloging and Classification Section, Cataloging of Children’s Materials Committee The library community has long recognized that children have their own unique characteristics and requirements as library users. They are considered a different enough audience, as users of both print and nonprint materials, that special bibliographic treatment of library materials is warranted to meet their developmental needs.