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Illuminati

Illuminati
History The Owl of Minerva perched on a book was an emblem used by the Bavarian Illuminati in their "Minerval" degree. The Illuminati movement was founded on May 1, 1776 in Ingolstadt, Upper Bavaria as the Order of the Illuminati, and had an initial membership of five.[2] The founder was the Jesuit-taught Adam Weishaupt (d. 1830),[3] who was the first lay professor of canon law at the University of Ingolstadt.[1] The Order was made up of freethinkers as an offshoot of the Enlightenment and seems to have been modelled on the Freemasons.[4] Illuminati members took a vow of secrecy and pledged obedience to their superiors. Members were divided into three main classes, each with several degrees, and many Illuminati chapters drew membership from existing Masonic lodges. Fundamental changes occurred in the wake of the acceptance of Adolph Freiherr Knigge into the order. In 1777, Karl Theodor became ruler of Bavaria. Barruel and Robison Modern Illuminati Popular culture Modern conspiracy theory Related:  Sociétés Secrètesgavroche68

Ordo Templi Orientis Ordo Templi Orientis (O.T.O.) ('Order of the Temple of the East' or 'Order of Oriental Templars') is an international fraternal and religious organization founded at the beginning of the 20th century. English author and occultist Aleister Crowley has become the best-known member of the order. Originally it was intended to be modelled after and associated with European Freemasonry,[1] such as Masonic Templar organizations, but under the leadership of Aleister Crowley, O.T.O. was reorganized around the Law of Thelema as its central religious principle. This Law—expressed as "Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law"[2] and "Love is the law, love under will"[3]—was promulgated in 1904 with the writing of The Book of the Law. Similar to many secret societies, O.T.O. membership is based on an initiatory system with a series of degree ceremonies that use ritual drama to establish fraternal bonds and impart spiritual and philosophical teachings. History[edit] Origins[edit] Structure[edit]

Skull and Bones History[edit] Skull and Bones was founded in 1832 after a dispute between Yale debating societies Linonia, Brothers in Unity, and the Calliopean Society over that season's Phi Beta Kappa awards. It was co-founded by William Huntington Russell and Alphonso Taft as "the Order of the Skull and Bones".[2][3] The society's assets are managed by the society's alumni organization, the Russell Trust Association, incorporated in 1856 and named after the Bones co-founder.[2] The association was founded by Russell and Daniel Coit Gilman, a Skull and Bones member, and later president of the University of California, first president of Johns Hopkins University, and the founding president of the Carnegie Institution. The first extended description of Skull and Bones, published in 1871 by Lyman Bagg in his book Four Years at Yale, noted that "the mystery now attending its existence forms the one great enigma which college gossip never tires of discussing The Tomb[edit] Coordinates: Bonesmen[edit] Lore[edit]

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Secret society "Secret Society Buildings at Yale College", by Alice Donlevy[1] ca. 1880. Pictured are: Psi Upsilon (Beta Chapter), 120 High Street. Left center: Skull & Bones (Russell Trust Association), 64 High Street. Right center: Delta Kappa Epsilon (Phi Chapter), east side of York Street, south of Elm Street. Bottom: Scroll and Key (Kingsley Trust Association), 490 College Street. A secret society is a club or organization whose activities, events, and inner functioning are concealed from non-members. Anthropologically and historically, secret societies are deeply interlinked with the concept of the Mannerbund, the all-male "warrior-band" or "warrior-society" of pre-modern cultures (see H. A purported "family tree of secret societies" has been proposed, although it may not be comprehensive.[2] The Thuggee were a secret cult of assassins who worshipped the Hindu goddess Kali. Is exclusive.Claims to own special secrets.Shows a strong inclination to favor its own. David V. Politics[edit]

Ritual A priest elevates the Host during a Catholic Mass, one of the mostly widely performed rituals in the world. A ritual "is a sequence of activities involving gestures, words, and objects, performed in a sequestered place, and performed according to set sequence."[1] Rituals may be prescribed by the traditions of a community, including a religious community. Rituals are characterized by formalism, traditionalism, invariance, rule-governance, sacral symbolism and performance.[2] Rituals of various kinds are a feature of almost all known human societies, past or present. The field of ritual studies has seen a number of conflicting definitions of the term. In psychology, the term ritual is sometimes used in a technical sense for a repetitive behavior systematically used by a person to neutralize or prevent anxiety; it is a symptom of obsessive–compulsive disorder. Etymology[edit] The English word "ritual" derives from the Latin ritualis, "that which pertains to rite (ritus)". Formalism[edit]

Top 10 Secret Societies No matter what their supposed purpose, there’s something inherently sinister about a secret society. Though most are formed with relatively realistic political and religious goals in mind, their focus on mystery and secrecy has made them the target of countless criticisms and conspiracy theories involving everything from aliens and the occult to world domination. Of course, the reality is usually much more innocuous, but that doesn’t mean that the groups don’t have some fascinatingly weird practices, or that they haven’t had an impact on world events. With this in mind, the following are ten of the most famous and influential secret societies in history. 10. Famous Members Aleister Crowley Ordo Templi Orientis is a mystic organization that was started in the early twentieth century. Secret Practices As Aleister Crowley’s popularity as a new age figure has continued to grow, more and more of the teachings of the Ordo Templi Orientis have come to light. 9. 8. Famous Members None of note 7.

How to Dispel Your Illusions by Freeman Dyson Thinking, Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 499 pp., $30.00 In 1955, when Daniel Kahneman was twenty-one years old, he was a lieutenant in the Israeli Defense Forces. Kahneman had a bachelor’s degree in psychology and had read a book, Clinical vs. A famous example confirming Meehl’s conclusion is the “Apgar score,” invented by the anesthesiologist Virginia Apgar in 1953 to guide the treatment of newborn babies. Having read the Meehl book, Kahneman knew how to improve the Israeli army interviewing system. Reflecting fifty years later on his experience in the Israeli army, Kahneman remarks in Thinking, Fast and Slow that it was not unusual in those days for young people to be given big responsibilities. Cognitive illusions are the main theme of his book. An episode from my own past is curiously similar to Kahneman’s experience in the Israeli army. System Two is the slow process of forming judgments based on conscious thinking and critical examination of evidence.

Infiltration du Bohemian Club Infiltration du Bohemian Club Le Bohemian Club, créé en 1872 par cinq journalistes du San Francisco Examiner (qui en furent exclus par la suite) et situé à San Francisco en Californie, est l’un des clubs les plus fermés du monde. Véritable club néo-conservatiste de l’élite et des personnes d’influence, il regroupe quelques 2 000 membres (uniquement des hommes, pour la plupart des Américains qui représentent au total le quart de la fortune privée aux États-Unis, mais aussi quelques Européens et Asiatiques) qui se réunissent tous les ans lors des deux dernières semaines du mois de juillet au Bohemian Grove. La cotisation est de 25 000 $ et la liste d’attente est de 21 ans au minimum.Le Bohemian Grove est une propriété privée de 11 km² appartenant au club, située à Monte Rio en Californie. Ils y exercent leurs talents musicaux, comiques, mais des discours y sont aussi tenus. Introduction au Bohemian Club Moloch d’aujourd’hui au Bohemian Club L’infiltration d’Alex Jones dans le Bohemian Grove

Age of Enlightenment The Age of Enlightenment (or simply the Enlightenment, or Age of Reason) is an era from the 1650s to the 1780s in which cultural and intellectual forces in Western Europe emphasized reason, analysis and individualism rather than traditional lines of authority. It was promoted by philosophes and local thinkers in urban coffeehouses, salons and masonic lodges. It challenged the authority of institutions that were deeply rooted in society, such as the Catholic Church; there was much talk of ways to reform society with toleration, science and skepticism. New ideas and beliefs spread around the continent and were fostered by an increase in literacy due to a departure from solely religious texts. Use of the term[edit] The term "Enlightenment" emerged in English in the later part of the 19th century,[2] with particular reference to French philosophy, as the equivalent of the French term 'Lumières' (used first by Dubos in 1733 and already well established by 1751). Time span[edit] Goals[edit]

Sociétés Secrètes Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Le terme de « société secrète » est souvent employé pour qualifier des fraternités (comme la franc-maçonnerie) qui ont également des cérémonies secrètes, mais aussi d’autres organisations allant de la fraternité étudiante aux organisations mystiques décrites dans des théories de conspiration comme immensément puissantes, dotées de services financiers et politiques qui leur sont dédiés, un rayonnement mondial et parfois des croyances sataniques. Description[modifier | modifier le code] Historiquement, les sociétés secrètes ont souvent fait l’objet de suspicions et de spéculations de la part des non-membres et se sont ainsi entourées d’un climat de méfiance depuis la Grèce antique. Ayant d'abord un but religieux dans l'antiquité, puis philosophique avec les écoles initiatiques telles que celle des pythagoriciens, depuis le Moyen Âge sont apparues les société secrètes d'ordre politique, aussi bien en Orient qu'en Occident[1],[3].

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