A theory about some topic is usually first-order logic together with a specified domain of discourse over which the quantified variables range, finitely many functions which map from that domain into it, finitely many predicates defined on that domain, and a recursive set of axioms which are believed to hold for those things. Sometimes "theory" is understood in a more formal sense, which is just a set of sentences in first-order logic. The adjective "first-order" distinguishes first-order logic from higher-order logic in which there are predicates having predicates or functions as arguments, or in which one or both of predicate quantifiers or function quantifiers are permitted. In first-order theories, predicates are often associated with sets. In interpreted higher-order theories, predicates may be interpreted as sets of sets. First-order logic is the standard for the formalization of mathematics into axioms and is studied in the foundations of mathematics. Introduction . x in .
Related: Autonomic systems
COST-ARTSCOST-TUD1102 STSM : Call for STSM Applications for Researchers . . . 2015 is the last year of the Action's operation and we have a busy schedule. As events are fixed in the calendar, we will be detailing them in the 2015 Event page 2015: ISSUE 1 Featuring Final Conference 2nd ARTS Competition Eastern/Western Europe Dissemination Workshops ARTS Vocabulary 2014: ISSUE 4 Featuring Reach Out with the Wider Community Recent Events Future Event: Meeting in November Next Year Ideas 2014: ISSUE 3 Featuring The call for participation in the 2nd Summer School Autonomic Road Transport Support Systems: Behavioural Responses & Impact 2014: ISSUE 2 Featuring REPORT OF Annual Meeting at Lisbon, February 27/28 STSMs – short term visits Training School THIS YEAR Wiki for the COST ARTS Vocabulary Progress on COST ARTS Book Featuring the COST-ARTS road map.
IPC 2014The international planning competition is a (nearly) biennial event organized in the context of the International Conference on Planning and Scheduling (ICAPS). The competition has different goals, including, providing an empirical comparison of the state of the art of planning systems, highlighting challenges to the Planning community, proposing new directions for research and new links with other fields of AI, and providing new data sets to be used by the research community as benchmarks. How to reference the competition? Vallati, M. and Chrpa, L. and Grzes, M. and McCluskey, T.L. and Roberts, M. and Sanner, S. (2015) The 2014 International Planning Competition: Progress and Trends , AI Magazine. ISSN 0738-4602. General Information Development Environment System Info Development Environment System WIKI DES ticketing system Mailing list Important dates (Preliminar) Post-IPC Organizers Previous competitions Sponsors The Queensgate Grid The University of Huddersfield
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ARTSA current, well recognised societal problem is the frequent failure of road transportation networks, resulting from traffic incidents, system overloading and lack of optimised support systems. The aim of this Action is to unite and align groups across Europe from computer science, engineering and transport studies into a world leading research community that will develop new ways of designing Road Transportation Support (RTS) systems based on the ideas of autonomic systems. If used as a platform on which to implement leading edge RTS technologies, such systems have the potential to deliver savings in the cost of system configuration, maintenance, and infrastructure, while potentially improving network efficiency and reducing the chances of human error. Using an autonomic approach to RTS is a novel and very ambitious idea requiring interdisciplinary community building, hence the need for COST, and a European dimension. 1. 2. 3. 4. How will the objectives be achieved? Benefits