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Facing Up to the Problem of Consciousness

Facing Up to the Problem of Consciousness
David J. Chalmers Department of Philosophy University of Arizona Tucson, AZ 85721 chalmers@arizona.edu [Published in the Journal of Consciousness Studies 2(3):200-19, 1995. Also online is my response, "Moving Forward on the Problem of Consciousness", to 26 articles commenting on this paper. 1 Introduction Consciousness poses the most baffling problems in the science of the mind. To make progress on the problem of consciousness, we have to confront it directly. 2 The easy problems and the hard problem There is not just one problem of consciousness. The easy problems of consciousness include those of explaining the following phenomena: the ability to discriminate, categorize, and react to environmental stimuli; the integration of information by a cognitive system; the reportability of mental states; the ability of a system to access its own internal states; the focus of attention; the deliberate control of behavior; the difference between wakefulness and sleep. 3 Functional explanation

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