Cunnamulla Cunnamulla /kʌnəˈmʌlə/ (Aboriginal meaning "long stretch of water") is a small town that lies on the Warrego River in South West Queensland, Australia, 206 kilometres (128 mi) south of Charleville, and approximately 750 kilometres (470 mi) west of the state capital, Brisbane. Cunnamulla is situated at the intersection of the Mitchell Highway and the Balonne Highway. At the 2006 census, the town had a population of 1,217. Cunnamulla is the administrative centre for the Paroo Shire, which also includes the townships of Wyandra, Yowah and Eulo, and covers an area of 47,617 square kilometres (18,385 sq mi). Cunnamulla's indigenous community suffers from a high level of domestic violence according to a report of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Women’s Task Force on Violence. History It has also been stated that the very first interstate game of Rugby League (between New South Wales and Queensland) was played between Cunnamulla and Bourke. Flooding Facilities
Goodooga, New South Wales Goodooga is a village in the Australian state of New South Wales in Brewarrina Shire on the eastern bank of the Bokhara River. It is near Brewarrina and Lightning Ridge, its closest neighbour. The town lies 20 kilometres south of the Queensland border. Goodooga is an Aboriginal word meaning, according to some "Yam". However it has been proposed that it derives from "guduu+ga", 'at the place of the Murray cod' [guduu], rather than "gudugaa", a species of yam. At the 2006 census, Goodooga had a population of 265, with 81% of the population of Aboriginal descent. Goodooga's newspaper is the Goodooga Flash. Goodooga's main sport is Rugby league, the Goodooga Magpies or the Goodooga 'Newtown' Jets. Notes References Anna Ash et al., Gamilaraay, Yuwaalaraay and Yuwaalayaay Dictionary.
Tibooburra, New South Wales Gold specimen from Tibooburra, size 5 x 4.5 x 1.1 cm. The Albert Hall in Tibooburra, NSW Main street of Tibooburra looking towards the Charles Sturt memorial Tibooburra (pronounced /ˈtɪbəbʌrə/ or /ˈtɪpəbʌrə/) is a village in the far northwest of New South Wales, Australia, located 1,187 kilometres (738 mi) from the state capital, Sydney. New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service have a Tourist Information Centre in the township. History Explorer Charles Sturt was one of the first Europeans to visit the area in 1844. Following a gold rush to the Albert Goldfields (centred at nearby Milparinka), gold was found around Tibooburra in 1880. By the turn of the 20th Century (1900) the gold mining activity had waned, to be replaced by the pastoral industry. In more recent times musicians and artists, in particular Clifton Pugh, became fascinated with this remote outback region. Tourist attractions Tibooburra Outback School of the Air Climate See also
Narrandera Narrandera (/nəˈrændərə/ nə-RAN-dər-ə) until around 1949 also spelled "Narandera", is a town in southern New South Wales, Australia. It is an important destination for travellers as it lies on the junction of the Newell and Sturt Highways and it is the gateway to the productive Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area. At the 2011 census, Narrandera had a population of 3,871 people. History Main street Narrandera is a river town with a rich heritage. The Narrungderra were the local indigenous people. Narrandera had its first recorded mention as a pastoral station or "run" (Narrandera Run) in 1848, at which time the property held by Mr Edward Flood comprised approximately 76,800 acres (31,080 ha). The township developed in the early 1860s. The Borough of Narrandera was constituted by proclamation dated 17 March 1885, and gazetted the following day. 1945 RAAF crash Narrandera today Narrandera's Sesquincentenary The 150 Year Anniversary Celebrations. Climate
Women in action - nurses and serving women A WAAAF Meteorological Officer adjusting a theodolite, 1942. Image courtesy of : VIC1426. For centuries women have been involved in every kind of war and conflict imaginable, especially as nurses. More recent conflicts have seen the gender based boundaries traditionally seen in wartime blur. And while women still fulfil traditional roles of administrators and nurses, it is not unusual to see male nurses and female doctors working together on military missions, such as when the Australian military provided support to victims of the December 2004 tsunami in Indonesia. Australian nursing services Matron EJ Gould, Sister Penelope Frater and Superintendent Julia Bligh who accompanied the Second Contingent to the Boer War as members of the NSW Army Medical Corps, 1902. The involvement of Australian women as nurses in war began in 1898 with the formation of the Australian Nursing Service of New South Wales, from which sixty nurses served in . (RAAFNS) was established much later, in 1940. .
Women, Australian between the wars: 1920s, Australia between the wars: 1920s, History Year 9, NSW | Online Education Home Schooling Skwirk Australia Introduction Australian women before the War were quiet, polite and modest. In the 1920s, women suddenly appeared sporting short skirts, short hairstyles, smoking, swearing and riding motorcycles. Where had this new Australian woman come from? The movement from house to workforce which was made by many (but not all) Australian women, led to the birth of the new woman of the 1920s. But her liberation was not total - although women were working, they were working for half the pay men received, and though women could leave the house to pursue a career, society frowned upon women who did not complete their duty as mother and housekeeper. Working Woman - Women's Role in the War and the Workforce See Image 1 When women moved into the paid workforce they left the home, the traditional realm of women's activities. The War provided women with the opportunity to depart from their traditional roles into new and challenging jobs usually occupied by men. See Image 2 See Image 3 See Image 4 See Image 5
The Great Depression Depression: A time of low economic activity, distinguished from a by being prolonged and sustained, characterised by continuing falls in output, high and rising unemployment and companies burdened with unsold because demand is low.Edna Carew, . Unemployment in Australia unknown, Unemployed men receiving food handouts, photograph: gelatin silver. Image courtesy of . The Great Depression (1929–32) was a time of extreme hardship for people in Australia. For many people this period began before the market crash in prices and lasted until the Second World War (1939-1945). Even before the devastating stock market crash on Wall Street (the centre of stock market trading in New York, United States of America), unemployment in Australia was already at ten per cent. After the crash unemployment in Australia more than doubled to twenty-one per cent in mid-1930, and reached its peak in mid-1932 when almost thirty-two per cent of Australians were out of work. What caused the Great Depression?
Women in wartime A poster produced in 1943 encouraging women to join the Land Army. Image courtesy of the . The involvement of Australian women in each war is closely connected to their role in society at different times, and the nature of each war. Australia has been involved in a number of wars including The Boer War (1899-1902), World War I (1914-1918), World War II (1939-1945), The Korean War (1950-1953), The Vietnam War (1962-1972) and The Gulf War (1990-1991). On the , women dealt with the consequences of war - managing children and family responsibilities alone, shortages of resources, as well as their fears for the future, and the grief and trauma of losing loved ones. Many women were also actively involved as and in other active service duties, and contributed more actively to war efforts through military service. Fundraising and support roles At the outbreak of , the expected role of women was to manage the home and raise children. Paid labour and taking on 'men's work' It's a man's job Useful links