Occupational Violence - NIOSH Workplace Safety and Health Topic The magnitude of workplace violence in the United States is measured with fatal and nonfatal statistics from several sources. The Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) reported 14,770 workplace homicide victims between 1992 and 2012. Averaging over 700 homicides per year, the largest number of homicides in one year (n=1080) occurred in 1994, while the lowest number (n=468) occurred in 2011. From 2003 to 2012 over half of the workplace homicides occurred within three occupation classifications: sales and related occupations (28%), protective service occupations (17%), and transportation and material moving occupations (13%). The Bureau of Labor Statistics Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII) reported an estimated 154,460 nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work during the 2003 to 2012 time period. Grants awarded under the 2002 RFA were: Grants awarded under the 2008 RFA were:
NIOSH Publications and Products - Violence in the Workplace (96-100) July 1996 DHHS (NIOSH) Publication Number 96-100 Homicide in the Workplace NIOSH Data Data from the National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities (NTOF) Surveillance System indicate that 9,937 workplace homicides occurred during the 13-year period from 1980 through 1992, with an average workplace homicide rate of 0.70/100,000 workers (Table 1) [NIOSH 1995]. Table 1. Source: NIOSH . Figure 1. Sex The majority (80%) of workplace homicides during 198092 occurred among male workers. Table 2. Source: NIOSH . Table 3. Source: NIOSH . Age The age of workplace homicide victims ranged from 16 (the youngest reported in NTOF) to 93 during 198092. Race Although the majority of workplace homicide victims were white (73%), black workers (1.39/100,000) and workers of other races (1.87/100,000) had the highest rates of work-related homicide (Table 4). Table 4. Source: NIOSH . Geographic Distribution Table 5. Method of Homicide Table 6. Source: NIOSH . Figure 2. Industry and Occupation
America’s Productivity Climbs, but Wages Stagnate Photo FEDERAL income tax rates will rise for the wealthiest Americans, and certain tax loopholes might get closed this year. But these developments, and whatever else happens in Washington in the coming debt-ceiling debate, are unlikely to do much to alter one major factor contributing to : stagnant wages. Wages have fallen to a record low as a share of America’s gross domestic product. “We went almost a century where the labor share was pretty stable and we shared prosperity,” says Lawrence Katz, a labor economist at Harvard. Some economists say it is wrong to look at just wages because other aspects of employee compensation, notably health costs, have risen. Conservative and liberal economists agree on many of the forces that have driven the wage share down. “Some people think it’s a law that when productivity goes up, everybody benefits,” says Erik Brynjolfsson, an economics professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Family Structure Helps Explain Difference in Violence Radley Balko's point about immigrants helping to make El Paso, Texas a safe city ("Notable & Quotable," July 9) is valid, but it doesn't go far enough in explaining why this might be so. Since the publication of the 2007 CQ Press survey that labeled Detroit the nation's "most dangerous" large city, I have worked with a group trying to identify the obstacles to significant crime reduction. El Paso, the third "safest" city in the survey, is about as poor and the people as undereducated as in Detroit. The most distinctive socioeconomic difference between El Paso and Detroit is the Texas city's far greater number of married couples as a percentage of total households: 48% versus Detroit's 24%. There was a time, not so long ago, when women in this predicament were called "welfare queens." These public policies have afflicted whites as well as blacks. Welfare reform in the mid-1990s moved in the right direction, but much more needs to be done. Lewis I.
Violence in the workplace: new perspectives in forensic mental health services in the USA | The British Journal of Psychiatry Abstract Background This paper reviews current research on workplace violence in the USA and offers suggestions concerning the roles that mental health professionals with forensic expertise can play in this expanding field. Aims To clarify the role of the mental health professional in evaluating issues related to workplace violence. Method Manual and computer literature searches were performed. Results The incidence of reported workplace violence is on the rise and can be devastating beyond the immediate injury. Conclusions With the growing interest in workplace violence come many opportunities for mental health professionals to assist companies in assessment, intervention and prevention. Violence in the workplace has received growing attention, in part due to the increase in litigation following incidents in the workplace. Background The consequences of violence in the workplace can be devastating beyond the immediate injuries.
Comp Clues: Predicting Workplace Violence | IWCI By: Gregory T. Hale, Ph.D., Psychologist March 2002 Gunshots recently sounded in a workplace in Northern Indiana. Sadly, the loss of two lives, and multiple injuries resulted from the actions on one employee. The consequences of workplace violence are serious and often life changing, not just for the individuals involved, but also for the workplace itself. Predicting workplace violence requires the identification of workplace factors which form the context of the behavior and personal factors directly affecting the employee. Workplace factors consist of factors likely to occur in the workplace. Personal factors such as alcohol use and abuse, a history of aggressive behavior, perceived low self-esteem, and the use of psychological aggression, exemplify the personal factors predictive of workplace violence. Assisting employers in better understanding high risk employees is obviously important so as to avoid the sad and horrifying consequences of violent actions in the workplace.
Violence and schizophrenia: examining the evidence | The British Journal of Psychiatry Abstract Background It is now accepted that people with schizophrenia are significantly more likely to be violent than other members of the general population. A less acknowledged fact is that the proportion of societal violence attributable to schizophrenia is small. Aims To critically examine the epidemiological evidence for the association between violence and schizophrenia and estimate the impact of this association on society. Method A selective review of the key literature on the epidemiology of violence and schizophrenia. Results Most studies confirm the association between violence and schizophrenia. Conclusions Less focus on the relative risk and more on the absolute risk of violence posed to society by people with schizophrenia would serve to reduce the associated stigma. The conclusions of those reaching the putative link between schizophrenia and violence changed in the late twentieth century. Studies estimating the prevalence of violent acts among those with schizophrenia Bias
This Is Our America: Workplace Violence Since 1986, A Brief History The Georgia FedEx rampage is just the latest in a series of workplace shootings going back to 1986. Infographic from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics The shooting rampage in Georgia was just the latest in a series of workplace shootings going back to 1986. Many people remember the post office shootings in the 80s but those were not the only workplaces that suffered. Offices, factories, hotels, fire stations… hardly any type of business has escaped the violence. According to the U.S. “any threat or act of physical violence, harassment, intimidation, or other threatening disruptive behavior that occurs at [a] worksite.” This includes everything from verbal abuse to assault to shootings. It’s the shootings that stay with us, though. It is interesting to note that, during the years of the assault weapon ban (1994-2004) – as riddled with loopholes as it was – the number of victims per incident were lower. 1989 September 14 – Louisville, Kentucky: 47-year-old Joseph T.
Workplace Violence Millions of workers experience violence or the threat of violence in their workplaces every year. These crimes range from physical assaults to robbery and homicide. Although the numbers of such crimes have significantly declined in recent years, workplace violence is the second-leading cause of occupational injury. In 2011, 458 workplace homicides occurred, a decrease from 518 in 2010 and 542 in 2009. Eleven percent of emergency nurses reported both physical and verbal abuse over a seven-day period—and 1 percent reported physical abuse—while 43 percent reported verbal abuse alone in the past seven days. Of emergency room nurses who reported being victims of physical violence in the workplace, 62 percent experienced more than one incident of physical violence from a patient or visitor during a seven-day period.
Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries Summary, 2012 For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, August 22, 2013 USDL-13-1699 Technical information: (202) 691-6170 - email@example.com - www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfoi1.htm Media contact: (202) 691-5902 - PressOffice@bls.gov NATIONAL CENSUS OF FATAL OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES IN 2012 (PRELIMINARY RESULTS) A preliminary total of 4,383 fatal work injuries were recorded in the United States in 2012, down from a revised count of 4,693 fatal work injuries in 2011, according to results from the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) conducted by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The 2012 total represents the second lowest preliminary total since CFOI was first conducted in 1992. The PDF version of the news release Table of Contents
untitled WASHINGTON - Children's viewing of violent TV shows, their identification with aggressive same-sex TV characters, and their perceptions that TV violence is realistic are all linked to later aggression as young adults, for both males and females. That is the conclusion of a 15-year longitudinal study of 329 youth published in the March issue of Developmental Psychology, a journal of the American Psychological Association (APA). These findings hold true for any child from any family, regardless of the child's initial aggression levels, their intellectual capabilities, their social status as measured by their parents' education or occupation, their parents' aggressiveness, or the mother's and father's parenting style. Psychologists L. Rowell Huesmann, Ph.D., Jessica Moise-Titus, Ph.D., Cheryl-Lynn Podolski, M.A., and Leonard D. Might these results simply be an indication that more aggressive children like to watch violent TV shows? Reporters: Lead author L.