Occupational Violence - NIOSH Workplace Safety and Health Topic The magnitude of workplace violence in the United States is measured with fatal and nonfatal statistics from several sources. The Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) reported 14,770 workplace homicide victims between 1992 and 2012. Averaging over 700 homicides per year, the largest number of homicides in one year (n=1080) occurred in 1994, while the lowest number (n=468) occurred in 2011. From 2003 to 2012 over half of the workplace homicides occurred within three occupation classifications: sales and related occupations (28%), protective service occupations (17%), and transportation and material moving occupations (13%). The Bureau of Labor Statistics Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII) reported an estimated 154,460 nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work during the 2003 to 2012 time period. Grants awarded under the 2002 RFA were: Grants awarded under the 2008 RFA were:
Philosophy and Physics - With Both Hands I was horrified today to learn of the work of Harry Harlow, Ph.D. Harlow actually stumbled into his most famous work because he was attempting to lower the cost of his laboratory by raising his own rhesus monkeys. He raised them Skinner style, fed and warm, but bereft of any contact with either their mothers or other juveniles. He discovered that his monkeys went crazy from this lack of social interaction. Instead of thinking to himself, gee, that was dumb, Harlow instead decided to do this on purpose to see what happens when you deprive an animal of something that it needs. I came across this little tidbit in an article in the New Yorker about solitary confinement. I am generally sympathetic to the conclusion of the article that solitary confinement is probably not worth it overall, given that those subjected to it are generally rendered less fit for society than they were previously, and the violence in the general prison population continues unabated. This too makes sense.
NIOSH Publications and Products - Violence in the Workplace (96-100) July 1996 DHHS (NIOSH) Publication Number 96-100 Homicide in the Workplace NIOSH Data Data from the National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities (NTOF) Surveillance System indicate that 9,937 workplace homicides occurred during the 13-year period from 1980 through 1992, with an average workplace homicide rate of 0.70/100,000 workers (Table 1) [NIOSH 1995]. Table 1. Source: NIOSH . Figure 1. Sex The majority (80%) of workplace homicides during 198092 occurred among male workers. Table 2. Source: NIOSH . Table 3. Source: NIOSH . Age The age of workplace homicide victims ranged from 16 (the youngest reported in NTOF) to 93 during 198092. Race Although the majority of workplace homicide victims were white (73%), black workers (1.39/100,000) and workers of other races (1.87/100,000) had the highest rates of work-related homicide (Table 4). Table 4. Source: NIOSH . Geographic Distribution Table 5. Method of Homicide Table 6. Source: NIOSH . Figure 2. Industry and Occupation
Alternative Sentencing « Crime Victims Media Report From the Bradenton (FL) Herald: Repeated Judicial Leniency, Misuse of Mental Incompetence Status, Parole Board Leniency, Repeated Failure of “Community Control” This is Patrick Hampton. In 2003, he tried to kill a man by stabbing him “several times” with a steak knife. Four years for aggravated battery with a deadly weapon. So, between Judge Dubensky’s inane sentencing and the equally inane actions of Florida’s parole board, which persists in letting violent felons walk early despite the trail of broken bodies that ensue (like, mine), Hampton was free to kill his stepmother last Friday. There is nothing wrong with judges finding people mentally unfit to stand trial, of course. Did Dubensky go easy on Hampton because he decided that his mental illness excused his attempt to murder someone? Or does Dubensky just go easy on extremely violent, recidivist felons? So, let’s get this straight: Hampton violated probation, so he was placed on outpatient community control?
America’s Productivity Climbs, but Wages Stagnate Photo FEDERAL income tax rates will rise for the wealthiest Americans, and certain tax loopholes might get closed this year. But these developments, and whatever else happens in Washington in the coming debt-ceiling debate, are unlikely to do much to alter one major factor contributing to : stagnant wages. Wages have fallen to a record low as a share of America’s gross domestic product. “We went almost a century where the labor share was pretty stable and we shared prosperity,” says Lawrence Katz, a labor economist at Harvard. Some economists say it is wrong to look at just wages because other aspects of employee compensation, notably health costs, have risen. Conservative and liberal economists agree on many of the forces that have driven the wage share down. “Some people think it’s a law that when productivity goes up, everybody benefits,” says Erik Brynjolfsson, an economics professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Crime Statistics We regularly publish or contribute to a series of statistical crime reports and publications, detailing specific offenses and outlining trends that can help you better understand crime threats both nationally and locally. Uniform Crime Reports Crime in the U.S. is the most comprehensive analysis of violent crime and property crime in the nation. The annual publication compiles volume and rate of crime offenses for the nation, the states, and many cities and counties. It also includes arrest, clearance, and law enforcement employee data. Use the online UCR Data Tool to research crime statistics since 1985 and in some cases back to 1960. 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | more Hate Crime Statistics presents yearly data regarding incidents, offenses, victims, and offenders in reported crimes that were motivated in whole or in part by a bias against the victim’s perceived race, religion, ethnicity, sexual orientation, or disability. Other Reports and Publications
Family Structure Helps Explain Difference in Violence Radley Balko's point about immigrants helping to make El Paso, Texas a safe city ("Notable & Quotable," July 9) is valid, but it doesn't go far enough in explaining why this might be so. Since the publication of the 2007 CQ Press survey that labeled Detroit the nation's "most dangerous" large city, I have worked with a group trying to identify the obstacles to significant crime reduction. El Paso, the third "safest" city in the survey, is about as poor and the people as undereducated as in Detroit. The most distinctive socioeconomic difference between El Paso and Detroit is the Texas city's far greater number of married couples as a percentage of total households: 48% versus Detroit's 24%. There was a time, not so long ago, when women in this predicament were called "welfare queens." These public policies have afflicted whites as well as blacks. Welfare reform in the mid-1990s moved in the right direction, but much more needs to be done. Lewis I.
Uniform Crime Reports The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program has been the starting place for law enforcement executives, students of criminal justice, researchers, members of the media, and the public at large seeking information on crime in the nation. The program was conceived in 1929 by the International Association of Chiefs of Police to meet the need for reliable uniform crime statistics for the nation. In 1930, the FBI was tasked with collecting, publishing, and archiving those statistics. Today, four annual publications, Crime in the United States, National Incident-Based Reporting System, Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted, and Hate Crime Statistics are produced from data received from over 18,000 city, university/college, county, state, tribal, and federal law enforcement agencies voluntarily participating in the program. The FBI is undertaking a wholesale redesign and redevelopment of the system that has supported the FBI’s UCR Program for more than 30 years.
Violence in the workplace: new perspectives in forensic mental health services in the USA | The British Journal of Psychiatry Abstract Background This paper reviews current research on workplace violence in the USA and offers suggestions concerning the roles that mental health professionals with forensic expertise can play in this expanding field. Aims To clarify the role of the mental health professional in evaluating issues related to workplace violence. Method Manual and computer literature searches were performed. Results The incidence of reported workplace violence is on the rise and can be devastating beyond the immediate injury. Conclusions With the growing interest in workplace violence come many opportunities for mental health professionals to assist companies in assessment, intervention and prevention. Violence in the workplace has received growing attention, in part due to the increase in litigation following incidents in the workplace. Background The consequences of violence in the workplace can be devastating beyond the immediate injuries.
DER SPIEGEL 27/1989 - Die Rückkehr des dunklen Ritters 400 Millionen Fans in 40 Ländern nehmen Anteil an den Abenteuern des Comic-strip-Helden "Batman", der bei Nacht im Fledermauskostüm auf Verbrecherjagd geht. Seit nunmehr 50 Jahren steht der einsame Rächer, der uramerikanische Vorkämpfer der Selbstjustiz, unermüdlich an der Front gegen alles Böse der Welt. Nun feiert ihn Hollywood mit einem 35-Millionen- Dollar-Spektakel, das der "Batmania" weit über die Kinos hinaus neuen Auftrieb gibt. Ein junger, gut aussehender Multimillionen-Erbe könnte sich vielerlei Vergnügungen leisten, doch Bruce Wayne hat nur eine Passion: Er geistert, angetan mit einem dunklen Strumpfhosenkostüm, einer spitzohrigen Maskenkappe und einem flatternden Umhang, bei Nacht durch seine Vaterstadt Gotham City, um Angst und Schrecken zu verbreiten. Ein Kindskopf? Ein Anarchist? Den jungen Bruce Wayne, der tagsüber in seiner Luxusvilla das unauffällige Leben eines Nichtstuers führt, hat sein nächtlich-monomanes Treiben zu einem amerikanischen Nationalidol gemacht.
Comp Clues: Predicting Workplace Violence | IWCI By: Gregory T. Hale, Ph.D., Psychologist March 2002 Gunshots recently sounded in a workplace in Northern Indiana. Sadly, the loss of two lives, and multiple injuries resulted from the actions on one employee. The consequences of workplace violence are serious and often life changing, not just for the individuals involved, but also for the workplace itself. Predicting workplace violence requires the identification of workplace factors which form the context of the behavior and personal factors directly affecting the employee. Workplace factors consist of factors likely to occur in the workplace. Personal factors such as alcohol use and abuse, a history of aggressive behavior, perceived low self-esteem, and the use of psychological aggression, exemplify the personal factors predictive of workplace violence. Assisting employers in better understanding high risk employees is obviously important so as to avoid the sad and horrifying consequences of violent actions in the workplace.