background preloader

2014 West Africa Ebola outbreak

2014 West Africa Ebola outbreak
An ongoing epidemic of the Ebola virus has spread throughout Guinea and beyond the nation's borders in West Africa. At least 500 infections and 337 deaths have been reported.[2] Various organizations, including the US Centers for Disease Control, European Commission, and Economic Community of West African States have donated funds and personnel to help counter the outbreak. This ebola outbreak is the worst ever: the first to affect more than one country and the most severe both in the number of cases and dead. Initial outbreak in Guinea[edit] In February 2014, the first Ebola virus outbreak registered in the region occurred in Guinea. By 23 April, the total number of suspected and confirmed cases in the Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever (EHF) outbreak had increased to 242, including 142 deaths at a case fatality rate of 58.7%.[3] Originally, the suspected cases were reported in Conakry (four cases), Guéckédougou (four), Macenta (one) and Dabola (one) prefectures. Conakry, Guinea[edit] Related:  health paradoxicallyEbola

Ebola virus disease Ebola virus disease (EVD; also Ebola hemorrhagic fever, or EHF), or simply Ebola, is a disease of humans and other primates caused by ebolaviruses. Signs and symptoms typically start between two days and three weeks after contracting the virus with a fever, sore throat, muscle pain, and headaches. Then, vomiting, diarrhea and rash usually follow, along with decreased function of the liver and kidneys. At this time some people begin to bleed both internally and externally.[1] The disease has a high risk of death, killing between 25 and 90 percent of those infected with an average of about 50 percent.[1] This is often due to low blood pressure from fluid loss, and typically follows six to sixteen days after symptoms appear.[2] Control of outbreaks requires coordinated medical services, alongside a certain level of community engagement. No specific treatment or vaccine for the virus is available, although a number of potential treatments are being studied. §Signs and symptoms §Cause

American doctor's Ebola prognosis 'grave' FORT WORTH, Texas — An American doctor who contracted the Ebola virus felt a deep calling to work in Liberia and was exhausted after months of treating patients with the deadly disease. Kent Brantly's mother, Jan Brantly, says her 33-year-old son's "heart is in Africa." She says he comes from a long line of physicians and missionaries. The director of maternal-child health at JPS Health Network where Brantly completed his residency just months before heading to West Africa has been in touch by phone and email. Dr. Mcray says Brantly's prognosis is grave. Friends and colleagues say Brantly went to Liberia to become a medical missionary for Samaritan's Purse. "As the epidemic began to unfold, Kent found himself in a very difficult circumstance," said Mccray. The biggest-ever outbreak of the disease has already claimed more than 670 lives in the West African nations of Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia. Colleagues at JPS say they are praying for Brantly with a compassionate heart.

Infectious Disease Index - Ebola virus | MSDSonline Ebola virus NAME: Ebola virus SYNONYM OR CROSS REFERENCE: African haemorrhagic fever, Ebola haemorrhagic fever (EHF, Ebola HF), filovirus, EBO virus (EBOV), Zaire ebolavirus (ZEBOV), Sudan ebolavirus (SEBOV), Ivory Coast ebolavirus (ICEBOV), Ebola-Reston (REBOV), Bundibugyo ebolavirus (BEBOV), and Ebola virus disease (1, 2). CHARACTERISTICS: Ebola was discovered in 1976 and is a member of the Filoviridae family (previously part of Rhabdoviridae family, which were later given a family of their own based on their genetic structure). It is an elongated filamentous molecule, which can vary between 800 – 1000 nm in length, and can reach up to14000 nm long (due to concatamerization) with a uniform diameter of 80 nm (2-5). Five Ebola subtypes have been identified: Zaire ebolavirus (ZEBOV), which was first identified in 1976 and is the most virulent; Sudan ebolavirus, (SEBOV); Ivory Coast ebolavirus (ICEBOV); Ebola-Reston (REBOV), and Bundibugyo ebolavirus (BEBOV) (1, 3, 8, 9). Outbreaks:

Ebola outbreak: Five co-authors of latest study killed by virus before their research was published - Africa The study, published on Thursday, discovered the virus has mutated many times during the outbreak in West Africa, making establishing a treatment more difficult. Mbalu Fonnie, Alex Moigboi, Alice Kovoma, Mohamed Fullah and Sheik Umar Khan worked with lead researchers at Harvard University to examine the current outbreak. Science Mag said all five were experienced members of the Kenema Government Hospital’s (KGH) Lassa fever team. Lassa fever infections have similar symptoms to Ebola. Their work sequenced the virus genomes from 78 patients and traced the outbreak in Sierra Leone to a funeral of a healer, which a pregnant Kenema Government Hospital Ebola patient and other women who were also infected had attended. Loading gallery See the Ebola outbreak mapped 1 of 5 Two months before his death, Mr Khan had described the dangers of treating people with the disease, telling Reuters he feared for his life.

David And Jonathan - The Greatest Human Love Story In The Bible. David and Jonathan - a true love story. Did God bless David and Jonathan, a same sex couple in romantic, committed, sexual partnership? The Bible devotes more chapters to their love story than any other human love story in the Bible. Donatello's David, in bronze, 1430 The traditional interpretation of the Jonathan and David story has them forming a political covenant and a close, non-sexual friendship. Our powerful 390 page book, Gay Christian 101 - Spiritual Self-Defense For Gay Christians, takes a fresh look at the textual evidence and offers an honest understanding of Jonathan and David, which is faithful to the scriptures. The story of Jonathan and David has long been a favorite of gay people, who easily identify with the challenges these intimate friends faced. Were they lovers? Many gays believe that Jonathan and David were same sex lovers, based on the way God presents their story in scripture and based on the Hebrew words used to describe their relationship. Bust of King David 1.

Second American infected with Ebola Dr. Kent Brantly, left, treats an Ebola patient. Dr. Kent Brantly fell ill after treating Ebola patients in LiberiaThe current outbreak of Ebola virus is the deadliest ever, health officials sayThe outbreak has been centered in Guinea, Sierra Leone and LiberiaA doctor working on the Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone is also infected (CNN) -- An American doctor trying to quell the Ebola outbreak in Liberia is now infected with the virus, the organization for which he works said. Dr. The 33-year-old doctor had been treating Ebola patients and started feeling ill, Samaritan's Purse spokeswoman Melissa Strickland said. Fighting Ebola through education Cultural practices aiding Ebola spread Ebola discoverer: 'This is unprecedented' Inside Guinea's ebola crisis His Ebola infection was confirmed Saturday. Brantly, the medical director for Samaritan Purse's Ebola Consolidated Case Management Center in Monrovia, Liberia, has been in the country since last October, Strickland said. Deadliest Ebola outbreak

ebola_1200a Search in Site The Ebola Epidemic: Infographic « Previous Image Back to Post Leave a Reply AddThis Sharing Facebook Twitter Reddit Google+StumbleUponMore Hide Show AddThisPrivacy Recommended for you Scientists Link Selfies To... The Army Gives Soldiers L... 9 Good Signs That You’re I... 25 Of The Cutest Parentin... This Video Is Shocking Th... This Is The Only Version O... Somebody Put a Camera... Germany’s first waste-fre... AddThis Scientists found the origins of the Ebola outbreak — by tracking its mutations One of the big mysteries in the Ebola outbreak in West Africa is where the virus came from in the first place — and whether it's changed in any significant ways. These unanswered questions could be making it more difficult to diagnose the disease and find treatments. A new analysis could help show if Ebola is changing over time Now scientists are starting to get some answers. In a new paper in Science, researchers reveal that they have sequenced the genomes of Ebola from 78 patients in Sierra Leone who contracted the disease in May and June. Those sequences revealed some 300 mutations specific to this outbreak. The new analysis could help determine if the virus' behavior has changed — and provide information for future diagnostic tests and treatments. Among their findings, the researchers discovered that the current viral strains come from a related strain that left Central Africa within the past ten years. The current Ebola outbreak in West Africa is the worst on record.

Astragalus propinquus Astragalus propinquus (syn. Astragalus membranaceus[2] also known as huáng qí (Chinese: 黄芪), běi qí (Chinese: 北芪) or huáng huā huáng qí (Chinese: 黄花黄耆),[3] is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae. It is one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine.[4] It is a perennial plant and it is not listed as being threatened.[1] Use[edit] Herbalism[edit] A. propinquus is used in traditional Chinese medicine for healing and for diabetes.[5] A. propinquus has been asserted to be a tonic that can improve the functioning of the lungs, adrenal glands and the gastrointestinal tract, increase metabolism and sweating, promote healing, and reduce fatigue.[6][medical citation needed] Related species[edit] The natural gum tragacanth, which is used in pharmaceuticals and textiles, is obtained from Astragalus tragacanthus.[7] Medical[edit] A. propinquus is an active component in Lectranal, a food supplement used in treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis.[8] Chemistry[edit] See also[edit]

First case of ebola reported in Africa's most populous city Lagos | World news A man has died of ebola in Lagos, the first confirmed case of the highly contagious and deadly virus in Africa's most populous metropolis. Patrick Sawyer, a 40-year-old Liberian civil servant, collapsed on arrival in Nigeria's main airport on Sunday, health officials said. His condition rapidly deteriorated before he died, said Abdulsalami Nasidi, project director at the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, who attributed his death to ebola. Officials at the World Health Organisation confirmed a sample from Nigeria was being tested for ebola, but did not confirm the results. The death marks a new and alarming cross-border development in a disease that has spiralled into the world's biggest epidemic, spread across three west African countries. At least 660 people have died in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone since ebola was first diagnosed in February. Ghana has had several unconfirmed scares, while Sierra Leone's capital Freetown recorded its first confirmed case this week.