Ogham inscription Ogham stone CIIC 504 from the Isle of Man showing the droim in centre. Text reads BIVAIDONAS MAQI MUCOI CUNAVA[LI], or in English of Bivaidonas, son of the tribe Cunava[li] There are roughly 400 known ogham inscriptions on stone monuments scattered around the Irish Sea, the bulk of them dating to the 5th and 6th centuries. There are a number of different numbering schemes. The inscriptions may be divided into "orthodox" and "scholastic" specimens. The vast bulk of the surviving ogham inscriptions stretch in arc from County Kerry (especially Corcu Duibne) in the south of Ireland across to Dyfed in south Wales. Orthodox inscriptions In orthodox inscriptions the script was carved into the edge (droim or faobhar) of the stone, which formed the stemline against which individual characters are cut. MacManus (1991) lists a total of 382 known Orthodox inscriptions. Formula words Nomenclature Other names indicate a divine ancestor. Ireland Wales Scotland Brash, R.
Maya News Updates 2012, No. 2 Some of the Major Discoveries in Maya Archaeology of 2012: Tak'alik Ab'aj, Tobacco, Xultun, La Corona, El Zotz, Uxul, El Peru, and Dzibanche The second, and last, posting for 2012 is my short illustrated overview of some of the major discoveries in Maya archaeology made in or reported on this year. In January of 2012 archaeologists Christa Schieber de Lavarreda and Miguel Orrego Corzo reported on the 2011 excavation of a special offering deep inside Structure 6 at the site of Tak'alik Ab'aj, Retalhuleu, Guatemala. Among the objects that composed this offering was an impressive necklace. According to the archaeologists the necklace, part of the objects associated with a (re)burial of an infant, was probably deposited in a period of circa 190BC-AD10 (based on a C14 date, generated from the contents of a vessel excavated within the same context). These are the eight major Maya archaeological discoveries that I have chosen to include in my overview of 2012.
Muiredach's High Cross West-face of Muiredach's High Cross. Muiredach's High Cross is a high cross from the 10th or possibly 9th century, located at the ruined monastic site of Monasterboice, County Louth, Ireland. There are two other high crosses at Monasterboice; in local terms Muiredach's cross is also known as the South Cross. Muiredach's cross has been described as the most beautiful specimen of Celtic stonework now in existence; and the crosses at Monasterboice have been stated to be Ireland's greatest contribution to European sculpture. Recently concerns have been raised over the well-being of Muiredach's cross; and it has been suggested that the cross should possibly be brought indoors to protect it from the elements. Background: high crosses in Ireland Irish high crosses are internationally recognised icons of early medieval Ireland. The cross measures about 19 feet (5.8 m) high; including the base, which measures 2 feet 3 inches (0.69 m). Description of panels East face
Wayeb Notes - Introduction The Wayeb Notes series is an online publication with an official Belgian ISSN number (ISSN 1379-8286). The General Editor of this electronic journal is Christian Prager. No. 46, 2014 - H. Wayeb Notes Archive The Wayeb Notes are intended to provide scholars with a platform for fast and uncomplicated dissemination of research results from all subdisciplines of Maya Studies. The publication of submitted research notes and papers in the Wayeb Notes series is subject to revision by the Wayeb Editorial Board. The Wayeb Notes series shall reflect the multi-language character of European Maya research and shall give everyone the opportunity to publish research in their own language. Pictish stone The Class II Kirkyard stone c800AD, Aberlemno A Pictish stone is a type of monumental stele, generally carved or incised with symbols or designs. A few have ogham inscriptions. Classification In The Early Christian Monuments of Scotland (1903) J Romilly Allen and Joseph Anderson first classified Pictish stones into three groups. Critics have noted weaknesses in this system but it is widely known and still used in the field. Class 1 — unworked stones with symbols only incised. Later Scottish stones merge into wider medieval British and European traditions. Purpose and meaning The purpose and meaning of the stones are only slightly understood, and the various theories proposed for the early Class I symbol stones, that are considered to mostly pre-date the spread of Christianity to the Picts, are essentially speculative. Gallery of symbols A selection of the Pictish symbols, showing the variation between individual examples. Distribution and sites Class I
Becan, Reconstruction Drawing of Building 4 B. Raftery, L’Irlande celtique avant l’ère chrétienne 1C’est aux éditions Errance que l’on doit la publication en français de cet ouvrage de Barry Raftery, traduit ici avec talent par Patrick Galliou. Avec 223 pages illustrées de photographies en noir et blanc, de cartes et de plans, l’ouvrage appartient au format et à la politique éditoriale habituels d’Errance. Cette dernière vise à mettre à disposition d’un large lectorat des synthèses archéologiques scientifiquement bien assises et produites par les meilleurs spécialistes, ici une des autorités reconnues de l’âge du Fer irlandais. 2Les débuts même de l’apparition du fer en Irlande posent problème puisque le site de référence de Rathtinaun est daté par le mobilier d’avant le vie siècle, soit du Bronze final, mais de 490 av. à 140 apr. J. 3Les fortifications de hauteur qualifiées de hill-forts atteignent la soixantaine en Irlande et la tradition les attribue à l’âge du Fer. 6B. 8C’est avec la mesure de l’archéologue que B. 10En quels termes l’auteur conclut-il sa synthèse ?
Santa Rosa Xtampak Palace