Questions Questions about the meaning of life have been expressed in a broad variety of ways, including the following: What is the meaning of life? What's it all about? Who are we? Philosopher in Meditation (detail) by RembrandtWhy are we here? These questions have resulted in a wide range of competing answers and arguments, from scientific theories, to philosophical, theological, and spiritual explanations. Scientific inquiry and perspectives Many members of the scientific community and philosophy of science communities think that science can provide the relevant context, and set of parameters necessary for dealing with topics related to the meaning of life. Psychological significance and value in life Neuroscience describes reward, pleasure, and motivation in terms of neurotransmitter activity, especially in the limbic system and the ventral tegmental area in particular. Emerging research shows that meaning in life predicts better physical health outcomes. Parapsychology Platonism
Positive psychologyPositive psychology is the scientific study of the "good life", or the positive aspects of the human experience that make life worth living. The discipline of positive psychology focuses on both individual and societal well-being. Positive psychology began as a new domain of psychology in 1998 when Martin Seligman chose it as the theme for his term as president of the American Psychological Association. It is a reaction against psychoanalysis and behaviorism, which have focused on "mental illness", meanwhile emphasising maladaptive behavior and negative thinking. Positive psychology is concerned with eudaimonia, "The good life", reflection about what holds the greatest value in life – the factors that contribute the most to a well-lived and fulfilling life. Positive psychologists have suggested a number of ways in which individual happiness may be fostered. Definition and basic assumptions Definition Basic concepts Research topics History Origin
Jungian archetypesArchetypes are universal archaic patterns and images that derive from the collective unconscious According to Jungian approach of psychology, some highly developed elements of the collective unconscious are called "archetypes". Carl Jung developed an understanding of archetypes as universal, archaic patterns and images that derive from the collective unconscious and are the psychic counterpart of instinct  They are autonomous and hidden forms which are transformed once they enter consciousness and are given particular expression by individuals and their cultures. Being unconscious, the existence of archetypes can only be deduced indirectly by examining behavior, images, art, myths, religions, or dreams. They are inherited potentials which are actualized when they enter consciousness as images or manifest in behavior on interaction with the outside world. Introduction Jung's idea of archetypes were based in part on Plato's Forms Early development Later development
Five Fingers of EvolutionIn his talk, Paul Andersen explains the five causes of microevolution. Research one example for each cause in the human population. Use the following population simulator to simulate microevolution: Run the simulation using the default settings. Note the change in gene frequencies due to chance. Reset the simulation and increase the population size to 200. Run the simulation again and note the change in gene frequencies due to chance.
balancedBalanced and Restorative Justice Philosophy The foundation of restorative juvenile justice practice is a coherent set of values and principles, a guiding vision, and an action-oriented mission. Principles of Restorative Justice Crime is injury. Crime hurts individual victims, communities, and juvenile offenders and creates an obligation to make things right. All parties should be a part of the response to the crime, including the victim if he or she wishes, the community, and the juvenile offender. The Restorative Justice Vision Support from the community, opportunity to define the harm experienced, and participation in decisionmaking about steps for repair result in increased victim recovery from the trauma of crime. The Balanced Approach Mission Figure 1 is a graphic representation of the balanced approach mission. Transforming the Current Juvenile Justice System Into a More Restorative Model Make needed services available for victims of crime.
Holon (philosophy)A holon (Greek: ὅλον, holon neuter form of ὅλος, holos "whole") is something that is simultaneously a whole and a part. The word was coined by Arthur Koestler in his book The Ghost in the Machine (1967, p. 48). Koestler was compelled by two observations in proposing the notion of the holon. The first observation was influenced by Nobel Prize winner Herbert A. Simon's parable of the two watchmakers, wherein Simon concludes that complex systems will evolve from simple systems much more rapidly if there are stable intermediate forms present in that evolutionary process than if they are not present. The second observation was made by Koestler himself in his analysis of hierarchies and stable intermediate forms in both living organisms and social organizations. Koestler also says holons are autonomous, self-reliant units that possess a degree of independence and handle contingencies without asking higher authorities for instructions. A hierarchy of holons is called a holarchy.
From the classroom to the frontline – schools must be careful what they teach kids about the armyBy Jonathan Parry *reposted from Dinner time at Harrogate’s army foundation college. Harrogate Army Foundation College Facebook When you think of child soldiers, it might conjure up images of young children far away, taken from their homes and forced to take part in war and fighting, often held against their will. It may surprise you then to learn the UK employs child soldiers – about 23% of army personnel were recruited before their 18th birthday. This policy has earned criticism from humanitarian organisations – including the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child. And yet this is something the UK government arguably wants to see more of. Given that the number of children signing up has declined over the last two decades, three of the report’s 20 recommendations implore the government to increase efforts to promote military service to young people.
The Cronin GroupRecent Publications 284. Assembly and core transformation properties of two tetrahedral clusters: [FeIII13P8W60O227(OH)15(H2O)2]30- and [FeIII13P8W60O224(OH)12(PO4)4]33-, P. 283. 282. 281. 280. 279. 278. 277. 276. 275. 274. 273. 272. 271. 270. 269. 267. 266. 265. 264. 263. 0D to 1D Switching of Hybrid Polyoxometalate Assemblies at the Nanoscale by Using Molecular Control, W. 262. 261. 260. 259. 258. 257. 256. 255. 254. 253. 252. 3D-printed devices for continuous-flow organic chemistry, V. 251. 250. 249. 248. 247. 246. 245. 244. 243. 242. 241. 240. 239. 238. 237. 236. 235. 234. 233.
www.britannicaUriel, in the Jewish and Christian Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha, a leading angel, sometimes ranked as an archangel with Michael, Gabriel, and Raphael. Because his name in Hebrew means “fire of God” or “light of God,” he has been variously identified in Jewish traditions as an angel of thunder and earthquake, as the wielder of the fiery sword in driving Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden, as the destroyer of the hosts of Sennacherib, as the figure who enlightens Ezra with visions, and, generally, as an angel of terror, prophecy, or mystery. The English poet John Milton in Paradise Lost described Uriel as “Regent of the Sun” and the “sharpest sighted spirit of all in Heaven.” In his poem “Uriel,” the American Transcendentalist essayist and poet Ralph Waldo Emerson portrayed the archangel as a symbolic and mythical advocate of his own theory of poetics.