Logical Fallacies Logical Fallacies The following is an incomplete compilation of ways people can and have reasoned incorrectly. Fallacies of Distraction Ignoratio elenchi: Latin, meaning "ignorance of refutation". Appeals to Emotions instead of Fact or Logic Appeal to fear: Target is persuaded to agree by threats or force. Fallacy of Authority Authority: Argumentum ad verecundiam. Changing the Subject Attack the Person (ad hominem, "to the man"): (1) Attack the person's character. (2) Attack the person's circumstances. (3) Argue the person does not practise what he preaches. Inductive Fallacies Hasty generalization: The sample is too small to support an inductive generalization about a population. Fallacies Involving Statistical Arguments Accident: Apply generalization when circumstances suggest that there should be an exception. Causal Fallacies Post hoc ergo propter hoc: "After this, therefore because of this". Missing the Point Fallacies of Ambiguity Category Errors Non Sequitur Syllogistic (Deductive) Errors
Contrasting and categorization of emotions The contrasting and categorisation of emotions describes how emotions are thought to relate to each other. Various recent proposals of such groupings are described in the following sections. Contrasting Basic Emotions The following table, based on a wide review of current theories, identifies and contrasts the fundamental emotions according to a set of definite criteria. The three key criteria used include: 1) mental experiences that have a strongly motivating subjective quality like pleasure or pain; 2) mental experiences that are in response to some event or object that is either real or imagined; 3) mental experiences that motivate particular kinds of behaviour. HUMAINE's proposal for EARL (Emotion Annotation and Representation Language) The emotion annotation and representation language (EARL) proposed by the Human-Machine Interaction Network on Emotion (HUMAINE) classifies 48 emotions. Parrott's emotions by groups Plutchik's wheel of emotions See also
Tyler Durden’s 8 Rules of Innovation We all want to do remarkable things, and lead remarkable lives. No one wants to spend the day engaged in mundane productivity in pursuit of a meaningless consumer existence. Certainly not you, right? So why do we find it so hard to break out of our rut and do truly innovative things? Because it’s hard. It’s almost like becoming another person. I Know This Because Tyler Knows This… If you haven’t seen the movie Fight Club (or read Chuck Palahniuk’s excellent novel), I won’t spoil the fantastic plot twist where we come to understand who Tyler Durden really is. At its core, Fight Club is about living the life you truly want to live, and the hard path to getting there. Luckily, Tyler says a lot of things that apply directly to innovative action. Tyler’s First Rule of Innovation: “No fear. This is the most important lesson, and it’s the one people struggle with and resist. But believe it or not, this is how I’ve been running my businesses for the last 10 years. Tyler’s Second Rule of Innovation:
while sitting in traffic... i figured out life (Xpost from r/trees) : Psychonaut How did life originate? How did life originate? Living things (even ancient organisms like bacteria) are enormously complex. However, all this complexity did not leap fully-formed from the primordial soup. Simple organic molecules were formed. Multicellularity evolved. 6 Awesome Pro-Marijuana Ads [pics] by Evilpig on June 14, 2010 | 125 Comments Continue reading for more! Created by Rigo14 You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site. Polyamory Polyamory (from Greek πολύ poly, "many, several", and Latin amor, "love") is typically the practice of, or desire for, intimate relationships where individuals may have more than one partner, with the knowledge and consent of all partners. It has been described as "consensual, ethical, and responsible non-monogamy". However, the meaning of polyamory is also an issue of ongoing debate. For example, although polyamory is typically defined as a relationship practice or approach to relationships, some believe that it should also be considered an orientation or identity (analogous to sexual orientation or gender identity). Polyamory is sometimes used in a broader sense, as an umbrella term that covers various forms of consensual multi-partner relationships, or forms of consensual non-exclusive sexual and/or romantic relationships. Terminology No single definition of "polyamory" has universal acceptance. Forms Cultural diversity Religion
60 Small Ways to Improve Your Life in the Next 100 Days Contrary to popular belief, you don’t have to make drastic changes in order to notice an improvement in the quality of your life. At the same time, you don’t need to wait a long time in order to see the measurable results that come from taking positive action. All you have to do is take small steps, and take them consistently, for a period of 100 days. Below you’ll find 60 small ways to improve all areas of your life in the next 100 days. Home 1. Day 1: Declutter MagazinesDay 2: Declutter DVD’sDay 3: Declutter booksDay 4: Declutter kitchen appliances 2. If you take it out, put it back.If you open it, close it.If you throw it down, pick it up.If you take it off, hang it up. 3. A burnt light bulb that needs to be changed.A button that’s missing on your favorite shirt.The fact that every time you open your top kitchen cabinet all of the plastic food containers fall out. Happiness 4. 5. 6. How many times do you beat yourself up during the day? 7. Learning/Personal Development 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.
Why is a raven like a writing desk? A Straight Dope Classic from Cecil's Storehouse of Human Knowledge April 18, 1997 Dear Cecil: This is something that drives me crazy every time I hear it: "Why is a raven like a writing desk?" Is there really a hilarious answer to this seemingly impossible riddle? — Mary, via the Internet Dear Mary: This riddle is famous, although it's the rarefied kind of fame that entails most people never having heard of it. "Have you guessed the riddle yet?" At this point most of us are thinking: Ho-ho, that Lewis Carroll, is he hilarious or what? Oh, they say. Lewis Carroll himself got bugged about this so much that he was moved to write the following in the preface to the 1896 edition of his book: Did this discourage people? Because the notes for which they are noted are not noted for being musical notes. Not bad for amateurs. A comment concerning Lewis Carroll's infamous "Why is a raven like a writing desk?" — Connor Freff Cochran, via AOL — Raistlin Wakefield, via the Internet Cecil replies: So, Mary.
Non-monogamy The Purple Mobius symbol for Polyamory and non-monogamy. Anarchists-A in a heart is a symbol of relationship anarchy. The "love outside the box" symbol for Polyamory and non-monogamy. Non-monogamy is a blanket term which covers several types of interpersonal relationships in which an individual forms multiple and simultaneous sexual or romantic bonds. This can be contrasted with its opposite, monogamy, and yet may arise from the same psychology. The term has been criticized as it may evoke to imply that monogamy is the norm and that any other way of relating is somehow a deviation of that norm. Types of non-monogamy Many non-monogamous terms are flexible in definition, because they are based on criteria such as 'relationship' or 'love' that are themselves variably defined. Forms of non-monogamy include: See also References
Understanding Evolution The bacteria that changed the world - May, 2017 The make-up of Earth's atmosphere, once the domain of Earth science textbooks, has become an increasingly "hot" news topic in recent decades, as we struggle to curb global warming by limiting the carbon dioxide that human activity produces. While the changes that humanity has wrought on the planet are dramatic, this isn’t the first time that one species has changed Earth’s atmosphere. Three billion years ago, there was no free oxygen in the atmosphere at all. Life was anaerobic, meaning that it did not need oxygen to live and grow. That all changed due to the evolution of Cyanobacteria, a group of single-celled, blue-green bacteria. Read the rest of the story here | See the Evo in the News archive