Global Veterinaria 11 (2): 2013 Au sommaire notamment:Seroprevalence of Brucella Infection among Buffaloes in Gharbyia Governora Ultrasonographic, Morphologic and Biochemical Alterations in Experimentally Induced Steroid Hepatopathy in Dogs Effect of Moringa Oleifera Extract on Nicotine Induced Neurotoxicity in Female Rat and Their Embryos Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma Gondii Infection in Chickens and Humans in Beni Suef, Egypt —————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Effects of Dietary Antioxidants Supplementation on Cellular Immune Response and Evaluation of Their Antimicrobial Activity Against Some Enteric Pathogens in Goats Correlation Between Milk Composition and Kids Growth of West African Dwarf (WAD) Goat Fed Forage Based Diet in Southwest Nigeria Infestation of Red Sea Cultured Plectropomus areolatus Broodstock with Benedenia epinepheli (Yamaguti1937) Parasite in Saudi Arabia with Some Treatment Trails Effect of Maternal Feeding in Late Pregnancy on Behaviour and Performance of Egyptian Goat and Sheep and Their Offspring Shereen B. Khoudair M.
Animals, Vol. 2, 2012: Social Environment and Control Status of Companion Animal-Borne Zoonoses in Japan 1 Science and Technology Foresight Center, National Institute of Science and Technology Policy, Kasumigaseki 3-2-2, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-0013, Japan 2 Disease Control and Environmental Sciences, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Iwate University, Ueda 3-18-8, Morioka, Iwate 020-8550, Japan * Author to whom correspondence should be addressed. Received: 23 January 2012 / Revised: 7 February 2012 / Accepted: 13 February 2012 / Published: 15 February 2012 Simple Summary: The risk of companion animal-borne zoonoses has been rising in Japan with the tendency for increasing number of households to ever-growing numbers and varieties of animals as pets. Changing social and environmental factors have been the cause of an increase in the number and variety of animals are being imported into Japan. MDPI and ACS Style Takahashi-Omoe, H.; Omoe, K. View more citation formats AMA Style Takahashi-Omoe H, Omoe K. Chicago/Turabian Style Takahashi-Omoe, Hiromi; Omoe, Katsuhiko. 2012.
J. Antimicrob. Chemother. (2013) Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae and non-Enterobacteriaceae from animals and the envi + Author Affiliations ↵*Corresponding author. AMRHAI, Reference Microbiology Services, Public Health England, 61 Colindale Avenue, London NW9 5EQ, UK. Abstract Acquired carbapenemases pose one of the most pressing public health threats relating to antibiotic resistance. Introduction Acquired carbapenemases pose one of the most pressing public health threats relating to antibiotic resistance. We have had endemic carbapenemases (KPC and VIM types) in Greece and Cyprus for some time,2,3 and the ease with which other countries can succumb is illustrated by Italy, where carbapenem resistance among blood culture isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae rose from 1.3% in 2009 to 27% in 2011,1 reflecting a nationwide outbreak of KPC producers.4 Even more worryingly, about 13% of carbapenemases detected by Public Health England's Antimicrobial Resistance and Healthcare Associated Infections Reference Unit are in isolates of Escherichia coli (N. Spread of strains, plasmids and genes Table 1. Funding
Acute Communicable Disease Control - 2005 - FACTORS LEADING TO PROLONGED CAPTURE TIMES FOR BRUCELLOSIS CASE REPORTS - LOS ANGELE À propos de cette page Nos systèmes ont détecté un trafic exceptionnel sur votre réseau informatique. Cette page permet de vérifier que c'est bien vous qui envoyez des requêtes, et non un robot. Que s'est-il passé ? Cette page s'affiche lorsque Google détecte automatiquement des requêtes émanant de votre réseau informatique qui semblent enfreindre les Conditions d'utilisation. Le blocage prendra fin peu après l'arrêt de ces requêtes. Des applications malveillantes, un plug-in de navigateur ou un script qui envoie des requêtes automatiques peuvent être à l'origine de ce trafic. Vous pouvez être invité à saisir les caractères de l'image CAPTCHA si vous utilisez des termes avancés auxquels les robots ont recours ou si vous envoyez des requêtes très rapidement. Adresse IP : 18.104.22.168Heure : 2014-01-24T11:55:38ZURL :
MURDOCH UNIVERSITY - 2013 - Epidemiology of zoonotic and neglected tropical diseases in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic Conlan, James (2013) Epidemiology of zoonotic and neglected tropical diseases in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic. PhD thesis, Murdoch University. Laos is one of the poorest and least developed countries in Southeast Asia and living conditions, livestock production and cultural practices place large proportions of the population at risk of exposure to a range of parasitic and viral zoonoses. Surveys of humans, pigs and dogs were conducted to determine the prevalence of and risk factors associated with the transmission of Taenia solium and related Taenia species, Trichinella spp., soil-transmitted helminths (STH), and viral zoonoses including Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), hepatitis E virus (HEV), swine influenza virus (SIV) and Nipah virus (NiV). JEV was identified as being hyper-epizootic in northern Laos and remains an unmanaged threat to human health. Downloads per month over past year
PLOS 23/01/14 Sampling Strategies in Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring: Evaluating How Precision and Sensitivity Vary with the Number of Animals Sampled per Farm Because antimicrobial resistance in food-producing animals is a major public health concern, many countries have implemented antimicrobial monitoring systems at a national level. When designing a sampling scheme for antimicrobial resistance monitoring, it is necessary to consider both cost effectiveness and statistical plausibility. In this study, we examined how sampling scheme precision and sensitivity can vary with the number of animals sampled from each farm, while keeping the overall sample size constant to avoid additional sampling costs. Five sampling strategies were investigated. Figures Citation: Yamamoto T, Hayama Y, Hidano A, Kobayashi S, Muroga N, et al. (2014) Sampling Strategies in Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring: Evaluating How Precision and Sensitivity Vary with the Number of Animals Sampled per Farm. Editor: Bernhard Kaltenboeck, Auburn University, United States of America Received: September 3, 2013; Accepted: December 19, 2013; Published: January 23, 2014 Overview
PLOS 10/02/15 A Study of Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Relating to Brucellosis among Small-Scale Dairy Farmers in an Urban and Peri-Urban Area of Tajikistan Abstract Improvement of knowledge, attitudes and practices among urban livestock farmers could have a significant impact on the reduction of many zoonotic infections in urban farming. This study aimed to describe and evaluate weak areas in knowledge, attitudes and practices with regards to brucellosis among urban and peri-urban small-scale dairy farmers in a low income country to generate information essential for control programmes and public health interventions. The cross-sectional study was conducted during six weeks in 2011. The study subjects were small-scale dairy farmers living in the urban and peri-urban area of the capital Dushanbe in Tajikistan. In total, 441 farmers were interviewed using a questionnaire with questions about demographic characteristics, knowledge, attitudes and practices relating to brucellosis. Academic Editor: Linda Anne Selvey, Curtin University, AUSTRALIA Received: June 17, 2014; Accepted: December 21, 2014; Published: February 10, 2015 Introduction
Animal Production and Health Commission for Asia and the Pacific (APHCA) - 2013 - Asia – Human Health Risks from the Human-Anima Another presentation made by staff of the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) at the Asia Regional Livestock Policy Forum held in Bangkok last year (16–17 Aug 2012) (see previous posts on this News Blog about presentations made by ILRI director general Jimmy Smith and ILRI director Steve Staal) is one on ‘Human health risks at the animal-human interface’ by Joachim Otte, of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), and ILRI veterinary epidemiologist Delia Grace. Their overview notes Asia’s growth in human populations and livestock food demands, the response from the livestock sector, the implications of those for infectious and parasitic disease dynamics and impacts, and the elements for a response. They first showed the skyrocketing growth of livestock products in Asia. The presenters then outlined the use of antimicrobials and cost of antimicrobial resistance. Otte and Grace provided the estimated huge cost of SARS alone.
BFR 09/07/13 Antibiotics in livestock farming: representative data on consumption quantities collected for the first time. Joint press release of the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment, the University of Veterinary Medicine Foundation Hannover and the University of Leipzig Germany – and neighbouring European countries – is to systematically collect antibiotics consumption volumes in livestock farming. The use of antibiotics in livestock farming is controversial, because it can lead to resistance in bacteria. In the “VetCAb” (Veterinary Consumption of Antibiotics) project, the scientists collected information for the year 2011 from over 2000 animal production sites documenting what types of antibiotics and how frequent were prescribed and / or administered to what types of animal species. As part of the study, the scientists determined that in the course of its fattening period of roughly 115 days, a pig in Germany is treated with an antimicrobial agent on 4.2 days on average (median). The data collected in the study are currently processed and evaluated in detail; the findings will be published soon. Up
Nova Journal of Medical and Biological Sciences Vol 3(1), 2015:1-9 Prevalence of Brucellosis among High Risk Groups in Northern State, Sudan ILRI 30/03/15 New publication warns of rising use of antibiotics and other antimicrobial drugs in farm animals Antimicrobial consumption in chickens (A) & pigs (B) in 2010. Figure from PNAS paper: Global trends in antimicrobial use in food animals, published 20 Mar 2015 by Thomas Van Boeckel, Tim Robinson and others. As reported in a scientific paper published 20 Mar 2015 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (PNAS), Global trends in antimicrobial use in food animals, worldwide antimicrobial consumption is expected to rise by a staggering 67% between 2010 and 2030. Use of such drugs has grown as livestock systems intensify around the world to meet a growing world demand for meat, milk and eggs, particularly in developing countries. Widespread use of these drugs to prevent disease in farm animals or to promote their growth is a growing concern. Developing countries have a dual burden of lack of access to antibiotics and inappropriate/excessive use of antibiotics. Grace also offers some helpful definitions: Global antibiotic consumption in pigs, chickens and cattle. Like this:
VETERINARY PATHOLOGY 30/06/14 Advancement of Knowledge of Brucella Over the Past 50 Years Kansas State University - 2014 - Evolving Drug Use Regulations in Food Animals J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis vol.19 Botucatu 2013 Epub Sep 25, 2013 Toxoplasmosis, leptospirosis and brucellosis in stray dogs housed at the shelter in Umuarama municipality, Paraná, Brazil References