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Philosopher's stone

Philosopher's stone
History[edit] Mention of the philosophers' stone in writing can be found as far back as Cheirokmeta by Zosimos of Panopolis (c. 300 AD).[2] Alchemical writers assign a longer history. Elias Ashmole and the anonymous author of Gloria Mundi (1620) claim that its history goes back to Adam who acquired the knowledge of the stone directly from God. This knowledge was said to be passed down through biblical patriarchs, giving them their longevity. The legend of the stone was also compared to the biblical history of the Temple of Solomon and the rejected cornerstone described in Psalm 118.[3] Middle Ages[edit] The 8th-century alchemist Jabir ibn Hayyan (Latinized as Geber) analyzed each classical element in terms of the four basic qualities. In the 11th century, there was a debate among Muslim world chemists on whether the transmutation of substances was possible. Renaissance to Early Modern period[edit] In Buddhism and Hinduism[edit] Properties[edit] Names[edit] Appearance[edit] Creation[edit] Related:  Thing

Numerology Numerology is any belief in the divine, mystical or other special relationship between a number and some coinciding events. It has many systems and traditions and beliefs. Numerology and numerological divination by systems such as isopsephy were popular among early mathematicians, such as Pythagoras, but are no longer considered part of mathematics and are regarded as pseudomathematics or pseudoscience by modern scientists.[1][2][3] Today, numerology is often associated with the paranormal, alongside astrology and similar divinatory arts.[4] Despite the long history of numerological ideas, the word "numerology" is not recorded in English before c.1907.[5] The term numerologist is also used derogatorily for those perceived to place excess faith in numerical patterns (and draw scientifically unsound inferences from them), even if those people do not practice traditional numerology. History[edit] Modern numerology has various antecedents. Methods[edit] Number definitions[edit] أ=1 ب=2 ج=3 د=4 ه=5

History of Alchemy from Ancient Egypt to Modern Times. The Alchemists To most of us, the word "alchemy" calls up the picture of a medieval and slightly sinister laboratory in which an aged, black-robed wizard broods over the crucibles and alembics that are to bring within his reach the Philosopher's Stone, and with that discovery, the formula for the Elixir of life and the transmutation of metals. But one can scarcely dismiss so lightly the science -- or art, if you will --that won to its service the lifelong devotion of men of culture and attainment from every race and clime over a period of thousands of years, for the beginnings of alchemy are hidden in the mists of time. What was the motive behind their constant strivings, their never-failing patience in the unravelling of the mysteries, the tenacity of purpose in the face of persecution and ridicule through the countless ages that led the alchemists to pursue undaunted their appointed way? Chinese Alchemy Egyptian Alchemy Arabian Alchemy European Alchemy The English Alchemists

Magnum opus (alchemy) Colors of the magnum opus seen on the breastplate of a figure from Splendor Solis The Great Work (Latin: Magnum opus) is an alchemical term for the process of creating the philosopher's stone. It has been used to describe personal and spiritual transmutation in the Hermetic tradition, attached to laboratory processes and chemical color changes, used as a model for the individuation process, and as a device in art and literature. The origin of these four phases can be traced at least as far back as the first century. The magnum opus had a variety of alchemical symbols attached to it. Alchemical authors sometimes elaborated on the three or four color model by enumerating a variety of chemical steps to be performed. In another example from the sixteenth century, Samuel Norton gives the following fourteen stages:[9] Some alchemists also circulated steps for the creation of practical medicines and substances, that have little to do with the magnum opus.

Infection Infections are caused by infectious agents such as viruses, viroids, and prions, microorganisms such as bacteria, nematodes such as roundworms and pinworms, arthropods such as ticks, mites, fleas, and lice, fungi such as ringworm, and other macroparasites such as tapeworms. Host can fight infections using their immune system. Mammalian hosts react to infections with an innate response, often involving inflammation, followed by an adaptive response.[2] Pharmaceuticals can also help fight infections. The branch of medicine that focuses on infections and pathogens is infectious disease medicine. Classification[edit] Bacterial infections are classified by the causative agent as well as the symptoms and medical signs produced. Symptomatic infections are apparent, whereas an infection that is active, but does not produce noticeable symptoms, may be called inapparent, silent, or subclinical. Primary versus opportunistic[edit] Occult infection[edit] Infectious or not[edit] Contagiousness[edit]

Dark Night of the Soul Dark Night of the Soul (Spanish: La noche oscura del alma) is the title of a poem written by 16th-century Spanish poet and Roman Catholic mystic Saint John of the Cross, and of a treatise he wrote later, commenting on the poem. Poem and treatise by Saint John of the Cross[edit] Saint John of the Cross' poem narrates the journey of the soul from its bodily home to its union with God. The journey is called "The Dark Night", because darkness represents the hardships and difficulties the soul meets in detachment from the world and reaching the light of the union with the Creator. There are several steps in this night, which are related in successive stanzas. The treatise, written in 1584-85, is a theological commentary on the poem, explaining its meaning by stanza. Spiritual term in the Christian tradition[edit] The term "dark night (of the soul)" is used in Christianity for a spiritual crisis in a journey towards union with God, like that described by Saint John of the Cross. In culture[edit]

The Essentials of Buddha Dhamma in Meditative Practice Anicca, Dukkha, Anatta — Impermanence, suffering and Egolessness — are the three essential characteristics of things in the Teaching of the Buddha. If you know Anicca correctly, you will know Dukkha as its corollary and Anatta as ultimate truth. It takes time to understand the three together. Impermanence (anicca) is, of course, the essential fact which must be first experienced and understood by practice. To understand Impermanence (anicca) one must follow strictly and diligently the Eightfold Noble Path, which is divided into the three groups of Sila, Samadhi and Pañña — Morality, Concentration and Wisdom. Whether a Buddha has arisen or not, the practice of Sila and Samadhi may be present in the human world. For progress in Vipassana Meditation, a student must keep knowing Anicca as continuously as possible. The real meaning of Anicca is that Impermanence or Decay is the inherent nature of everything that exists in the Universe — whether animate or inanimate. Now look, you Kalamas.

Alchemical symbol Alchemical symbols in Torbern Bergman's 1775 Dissertation on Elective Affinities Alchemical symbols, originally devised as part of alchemy, were used to denote some elements and some compounds until the 18th century. Note that while notation like this was mostly standardized, style and symbol varied between alchemists, so this page lists the most common. Three primes[edit] According to Paracelsus, the Three Primes or Tria Prima are[1][2] Four basic elements[edit] Western alchemy makes use of the Hellenic elements. [edit] Seven metals are associated with the seven classical planets, and seven deities, all figuring heavily in alchemical symbolism. Mundane elements[edit] Alchemical compounds[edit] A table of alchemical symbols from Basil Valentine's The Last Will and Testament, 1670 Alchemical processes[edit] Unicode[edit] Unicode 6.1 adds support for an Alchemical Symbols block. References[edit] ^ Jump up to: a b c Eric John Holmyard. External links[edit] Alchemical symbols in Unicode 6.0

Alchemy The Emerald Tablet, a key text of Western Alchemy, in a 17th-century edition Alchemy is an influential philosophical tradition whose practitioners have, from antiquity, claimed it to be the precursor to profound powers. The defining objectives of alchemy are varied, but historically have typically included one or more of the following goals: the creation of the fabled philosopher's stone; the ability to transform base metals into the noble metals (gold or silver); and development of an elixir of life, which would confer youth and longevity. Overview[edit] Alchemy is the art of liberating parts of the Cosmos from temporal existence and achieving perfection which, for metals is gold, and for man, longevity, then immortality and, finally, redemption. Modern discussions of alchemy are generally split into an examination of its exoteric practical applications and its esoteric aspects. Relation to the science of chemistry[edit] Scientific apparatus in the alchemist's workshop, 1580 Q.

Armor by George Hernandez Exploring armor, especially personal armor. There are other similar pages on the web like Pictorial Glossary of Armor Terms [ [ [ Almain collar A gorget with spaulders called munions attached to them. aventail See camail. baldric A belt for wearing a sword over the shoulder. [ref] bascinet Aka basinet, bassinet, basnet. [ref] bernie A chain mail tunic that extends to the waist. besegues Armor to cover the gap between the shoulder armor and the torso armor. bevor Armor for the chin, jaw, and throat. bishops collar A circle of chain mail covering the collarbones, upper chest, and upper back. [ref] bracers Aka vambraces. [ref] breastplate Plate armor covering the chest. breeches Aka knickers. [ref] buckler Aka half shield. [ref] camail Aka aventail or ventail. [ref] chain mail Aka chainmail, mail, maile, maille, chain maille, mayle. [ref] coif cop Aka copp. cotun [ref] couter