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First Amendment to the United States Constitution

First Amendment to the United States Constitution
The First Amendment (Amendment I) to the United States Constitution prohibits the making of any law respecting an establishment of religion, impeding the free exercise of religion, abridging the freedom of speech, infringing on the freedom of the press, interfering with the right to peaceably assemble or prohibiting the petitioning for a governmental redress of grievances. It was adopted on December 15, 1791, as one of the ten amendments that constitute the Bill of Rights. The Bill of Rights was originally proposed as a measure to assuage Anti-Federalist opposition to Constitutional ratification. In Everson v. The Free Press Clause protects publication of information and opinions, and applies to a wide variety of media. Text Background For the constitution to be ratified, however, nine of the thirteen states were required to approve it in state conventions. Establishment of religion In Reynolds v. In Torcaso v. Separationists U.S. Accommodationists Free exercise of religion In Sherbert v. Related:  wikipedia 2

French orthography French orthography encompasses the spelling and punctuation of the French language. It is based on a combination of phonemic and historical principles. The spelling of words is largely based on the pronunciation of Old French c. 1100–1200 CE and has stayed more or less the same since then, despite enormous changes to the pronunciation of the language in the intervening years. This has resulted in a complicated relationship between spelling and sound, especially for vowels; a multitude of silent letters; and a large number of homophones (e.g. saint/sein/sain/ceins/ceint, sang/sans/cent). Later attempts to respell some words in accordance with their Latin etymologies further increased the number of silent letters (e.g. temps vs. older tens – compare English "tense", which reflects the original spelling – and vingt vs. older vint). History of French orthography[edit] The Oaths of Strasbourg from 842 is the earliest text written in the early form of French called Romance or Gallo-Romance.

Flying F*CK R/C Helicopter Name change Name change certificate issued by Christian X of Denmark in 1917 A pseudonym can be regarded as a name adopted to conceal a person's identity, and does not always require legal sanction. Additionally, there are other reasons for informal changes of name that are not done for reasons of concealment, but for personal, social or ideological reasons. United States[edit] The applicant may be required to give a reasonable explanation for wanting to change her or his name. In nearly all states, a person cannot choose a name that is intended to mislead (such as adopting a celebrity's name), that is intentionally confusing, or that incites violence; nor can one adopt, as a name, a racial slur, a threat, or an obscenity. Under the federal immigration-and-nationality law, when aliens apply for naturalization, they have the option of asking for their names to be changed upon the grants of citizenship with no additional fees. Informal methods of legal name change[edit] Assumed name[edit] Scotland[edit]

Spanish orthography Spanish orthography is the writing system for the Spanish language. It is fairly phonemic, especially in comparison to more opaque orthographies like English and Irish, having a relatively consistent mapping of graphemes to phonemes; in other words, the pronunciation of words can largely be predicted from the spelling. Alphabet[edit] The Spanish language is written using the Spanish alphabet, which is the Latin alphabet with one additional letter, eñe 〈ñ〉, for a total of 27 letters.[1] Although the letters 〈k〉 and 〈w〉 are part of the alphabet, they appear only in loanwords such as karate, kilo, waterpolo and wolframio 'tungsten'. ^1 The sequence 〈ch〉 represents the affricate /tʃ/. ^2 The phonemes /θ/ and /s/ have merged in many dialects; see ceceo. ^3 With the exception of some loanwords: hámster, hachís, hawaiano, which have /x/. ^5 Used only in the digraph 〈qu〉. ^6 The digraph 〈rr〉, which only appears between vowels, represents the trill [r]. Alternative names[edit] Be and uve[1] Erre[1]

Facebook Portal:Discrimination From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Antiziganism is hostility, prejudice or racism directed at the Romani people, commonly called Gypsies. The Roma — who have often been stereotyped as thieves, tramps, con men and fortune tellers — have been subject to various forms of discrimination throughout history. Due in part to their semi-nomadic and isolationist lifestyle, and differences in language and culture, there has been a great deal of mutual distrust between the Roma and the more settled indigenous inhabitants of the areas to which the Roma migrated. This distrust has persisted even though Roma who migrated into Europe often converted to Christianity, and those who arrived in the Middle East became Muslims. Persecution of Roma reached a peak during World War II in the Porajmos, the Nazi genocide of Roma during the Holocaust. Antizigan discrimination has continued in the 2000s, particularly in the Balkans, in areas such as Bulgaria, Romania and Slovakia. More...

spelling alphabet A spelling alphabet, voice procedure alphabet, radio alphabet, or telephone alphabet is a set of words used to stand for the letters of an alphabet in oral communication. Each word in the spelling alphabet typically replaces the name of the letter with which it starts (acrophony). It is used to spell out words when speaking to someone not able to see the speaker, or the audio channel is not clear. The lack of high frequencies on standard telephones makes it hard to distinguish an 'F' from an 'S' for example. Also, the lack of visual cues during oral communication can cause confusion. For example, lips are closed at the start of saying the letter "bee" but open at the beginning of the letter "dee" making these otherwise similar sounding letters more easily discriminated when looking at the speaker. Voice procedure[edit] History[edit] Prior to spelling alphabets, the words used to indicate English letters were "a", "bee", "cee", "dee", "e", etc. Examples[edit] Latin alphabets[edit]

Disability Rights Advocates For Technology > Home RFC 1855 - Netiquette Guidelines [Docs] [txt|pdf] [draft-ietf-run-ne...] [Diff1] [Diff2] INFORMATIONAL Network Working Group S. Hambridge Request For Comments: 1855 Intel Corp. FYI: 28 October 1995 Category: Informational Status of This Memo This memo provides information for the Internet community. This memo does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. 1.0 Introduction In the past, the population of people using the Internet had "grown up" with the Internet, were technically minded, and understood the nature of the transport and the protocols. RFC 1855 Netiquette Guidelines October 1995 an account through a corporation, that those organizations have regulations about ownership of mail and files, about what is proper to post or send, and how to present yourself. 2.0 One-to-One Communication (electronic mail, talk) We define one-to-one communications as those in which a person is communicating with another person as if face-to-face: a dialog. 2.1 User Guidelines 2.1.1 For mail: 2.1.2 For talk: 3.1 User Guidelines

list of continents @ In geology, continents are described by means of tectonic plates. Plate tectonics is the process and study of the movement, collision and division of continents. Definitions and application[edit] A Dymaxion map shows land masses with minimal shape distortion Conventionally, "continents are understood to be large, continuous, discrete masses of land, ideally separated by expanses of water Extent of continents[edit] As a cultural construct, the concept of a continent may go beyond the continental shelf to include oceanic islands and continental fragments. Separation of continents[edit] Map of island countries: these states are often grouped geographically with a neighboring continental landmass The ideal criterion that each continent be a discrete landmass is commonly disregarded in favor of more arbitrary, historical conventions. The traditional division of the landmass of Eurasia into the continents of Asia and Europe is an anomaly, as no sea separates them. Number of continents[edit]