First Amendment to the United States Constitution
The First Amendment (Amendment I) to the United States Constitution prohibits the making of any law respecting an establishment of religion, impeding the free exercise of religion, abridging the freedom of speech, infringing on the freedom of the press, interfering with the right to peaceably assemble or prohibiting the petitioning for a governmental redress of grievances. It was adopted on December 15, 1791, as one of the ten amendments that constitute the Bill of Rights. The Bill of Rights was originally proposed as a measure to assuage Anti-Federalist opposition to Constitutional ratification. In Everson v. The Free Press Clause protects publication of information and opinions, and applies to a wide variety of media. Text Background For the constitution to be ratified, however, nine of the thirteen states were required to approve it in state conventions. Establishment of religion In Reynolds v. In Torcaso v. Separationists U.S. Accommodationists Free exercise of religion In Sherbert v.
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