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The Extended Mind

The Extended Mind
Andy Clark & David J. Chalmers [*] Department of Philosophy Washington University St. Louis, MO 63130 Department of Philosophy University of Arizona Tucson, AZ 85721 andy@twinearth.wustl.educhalmers@arizona.edu *[[Authors are listed in order of degree of belief in the central thesis.]] [[Published in Analysis 58:10-23, 1998. 1 Introduction Where does the mind stop and the rest of the world begin? 2 Extended Cognition Consider three cases of human problem-solving: (1) A person sits in front of a computer screen which displays images of various two-dimensional geometric shapes and is asked to answer questions concerning the potential fit of such shapes into depicted "sockets". (2) A person sits in front of a similar computer screen, but this time can choose either to physically rotate the image on the screen, by pressing a rotate button, or to mentally rotate the image as before. (3) Sometime in the cyberpunk future, a person sits in front of a similar computer screen. 3 Active Externalism Related:  Intelligenza Collettiva e Agire CollaborativoNeuromania

intelligenza distribuita in “Lessico del XXI Secolo” intelligenza distribuita Lessico del XXI Secolo (2012) Neurotheology: This Is Your Brain On Religion Principles of NeurotheologyBy Andrew B. NewbergPaperback, 284 pagesAshgateList price: $29.95 "Neurotheology" is a unique field of scholarship and investigation that seeks to understand the relationship specifically between the brain and theology, and more broadly between the mind and religion. As a topic, neurotheology has garnered substantial attention in the academic and lay communities in recent years. Several books have been written addressing the relationship between the brain and religious experience and numerous scholarly articles have been published on the topic. If neurotheology is to be considered a viable field going forward, it requires a set of clear principles that can be generally agreed upon and supported by both the theological or religious perspective and the scientific one as well. It is important to infuse throughout the principles of neurotheology the notion that neurotheology requires an openness to both the scientific as well as the spiritual perspectives. 1. 2.

La mente estesa può fare paura? Storia dell'articolo Chiudi Questo articolo è stato pubblicato il 26 maggio 2013 alle ore 08:28. Lo studio del cervello è necessario per capire la mente. Questo è un dato inconfutabile per chiunque prenda sul serio gli straordinari successi della neuroscienza contemporanea. Ma è anche sufficiente? Permalink Religion May Cause Brain Atrophy -- Science of the Spirit Faith can open your mind but it can also cause your brain to shrink at a different rate, research suggests. Researchers at Duke University Medical Centre in the US claim to have discovered a correlation between religious practices and changes in the brains of older adults. The study, published in the open-access science journal, Public Library of Science ONE, asked 268 people aged 58 to 84 about their religious group, spiritual practices and life-changing religious experiences. Changes in the volume of their hippocampus, the region of the brain associated with learning and memory, were tracked using MRI scans, over two to eight years. Protestants who did not identify themselves as born-again were found to have less atrophy in the hippocampus region than did born-again Protestants, Catholics or those with no religious affiliation. Although the brain tends to shrink with age, atrophy in the hippocampus has been linked with depression and Alzheimer's disease.

MediaMente: Levy - De Kerckhove - Intelligenza collettiva e intelligenza connettiva Domanda 1 In che modo Internet ha cambiato il concetto di spazio e di tempo? Risposta (Levy) Come ogni buon filosofo comincerei con il criticare la vostra domanda, perché non penso che Internet cambi il concetto dello spazio e del tempo, ma cambi esattamente lo spazio e il tempo: questa è la questione importante. Un sistema di comunicazione modifica il nostro ambiente di "prossimità", le cose che prima apparivano lontane si avvicinano e rientrano all'interno del nostro spazio dell'esperienza. Domanda 2 La dimensione dello spazio, in questo caso, è dunque una esperienza e non un concetto? Risposta (De Kerckhove) Questa questione è profonda e ci permette di capire quello che è veramente accaduto nel corso della storia. Domanda 3 Tornando ad Internet: l'uso di nuovi motori di ricerca, o degli agenti intelligenti, modificheranno l'apporto dell'essere umano nelle ricerche e dunque il suo rapporto con la tecnologia? Risposta (Levy) Vorrei fare una piccola comparazione.

Neural oscillation Neural oscillation is rhythmic or repetitive neural activity in the central nervous system. Neural tissue can generate oscillatory activity in many ways, driven either by mechanisms within individual neurons or by interactions between neurons. In individual neurons, oscillations can appear either as oscillations in membrane potential or as rhythmic patterns of action potentials, which then produce oscillatory activation of post-synaptic neurons. At the level of neural ensembles, synchronized activity of large numbers of neurons can give rise to macroscopic oscillations, which can be observed in the electroencephalogram (EEG). Oscillatory activity in groups of neurons generally arises from feedback connections between the neurons that result in the synchronization of their firing patterns. The interaction between neurons can give rise to oscillations at a different frequency than the firing frequency of individual neurons. Simulation of neural oscillations at 10 Hz. Overview[edit]

Confronto tra intelligenza collettiva e intelligenza connettiva Pierre Levy è professore di filosofia dell’Università di Parigi VIII a Saint-Denis. I suoi interessi di studio sono incentrati sulle modalità di conoscenza e comunicazione legate allo sviluppo del cyberspazio. Nella comunicazione dei media tradizionali è presente un centro di emissione del messaggio e un gran numero di ricettori che sono passivi perchè non c’è reciprocità nella comunicazione e, sopratutto, gli uni sono isolati dagli altri. Derrick De Kerckhove dal canto suo ritiene che il suo concetto di intelligenza connettiva sia la messa in pratica dell’intelligenza collettiva. L’intelligenza collettiva è legata a universi a senso unico in cui l’individuo si perde mentre l’intelligenza connettiva riguarda la possibilità di condividere il pensiero, l’intenzione e i progetti espressi da altri. In campo artistico queste due correnti si riferiscono alla collaborazione che il mezzo elettronico con l’ausilio della rete offre agli artisti.

Welcome to the Center for Neuroacoustic Research! Scientific Sound Healing, Dr. Jeffrey Thompson Sympathetic nervous system The sympathetic and the parasympathetic nervous system are parts of what is commonly called the autonomic nervous system. (Autonomic = can not be controlled by the mind). You can say that these systems work in balance with each other and directly or indirectly affect almost every structure in the body (e.g. heartfrequence, heartcapacity, lumbar function, kidneys, blood vessels, stomach and intestines) The sympathetic nervous system has an active "pushing" function, the parasympathetic has mainly a relaxing function. The sympathetic nervous system is located to the sympathetic chain, which connects to skin, blood vessels and organs in the body cavity. The sympathetic chain is located on both sides of the spine and consists of ganglias. The autonomic nervous system is most important in two situations: emergency situations that cause stress and require us to "fight" or take "flight", and nonemergency situations that allow us to "rest" and "digest".

Breakthrough "Neuro Nutrition" Targets the Brain and Vagus Nerve To Boost the Body's Immune, Hormone and Neurological Systems Los Angeles, CA (PRWEB) July 2, 2008 It's becoming increasingly difficult to ignore: something seems to be going seriously wrong with our health these days. Skyrocketing rates of heart disease, cancer, digestive and anxiety disorders, autoimmune-based illnesses, and record levels of childhood asthma, autism, diabetes, ADD and obesity are causing many doctors to worry that human health appears to be literally under siege. With so many complex nutritional and ecological factors at work, could it be possible to develop a simple, yet effective treatment that addresses many of today's most prevalent health challenges? "The reason this approach is revolutionary and so effective is because these nutrient-rich whole food concentrates are created through a proprietary four-stage fermentation process that mimics human digestion. Many in the alternative medicine community believe that the important role the Vagus Nerve plays in human physiology has been ignored for far too long. Dr. About Dr.

Central pattern generator Central pattern generators (CPGs) are biological neural networks that produce rhythmic patterned outputs without sensory feedback.[1][2] CPGs have been shown to produce rhythmic outputs resembling normal "rhythmic motor pattern production" even in isolation from motor and sensory feedback from limbs and other muscle targets.[1][2] To be classified as a rhythmic generator, a CPG requires: 1. "two or more processes that interact such that each process sequentially increases and decreases, and 2. that, as a result of this interaction, the system repeatedly returns to its starting condition.[1] Anatomy and physiology[edit] Localization[edit] Various molecular, genetic and imaging studies have been conducted as for the localization of the CPGs. Anatomy[edit] The classical view of CPGs, as specific networks of neurons dedicated to this function alone, has been challenged by numerous data obtained mostly on the central nervous system of invertebrates. Neuromodulation[edit] Feedback mechanism[edit]

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