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What is fracking and why is it controversial?

What is fracking and why is it controversial?
Drilling companies suggest trillions of cubic feet of shale gas may be recoverable from underneath parts of the UK through a process known as "fracking". Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, is a technique designed to recover gas and oil from shale rock. But how does it work and why is it controversial? What is fracking? Fracking is the process of drilling down into the earth before a high-pressure water mixture is directed at the rock to release the gas inside. Water, sand and chemicals are injected into the rock at high pressure which allows the gas to flow out to the head of the well. The process can be carried out vertically or, more commonly, by drilling horizontally to the rock layer and can create new pathways to release gas or can be used to extend existing channels. The term fracking refers to how the rock is fractured apart by the high pressure mixture. Is fracking taking place in the UK? No. Applications have also been submitted in Yorkshire and Nottinghamshire. Image copyright Reuters

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The Problems of Chemical Pollution: in China Standard Page - 2011-06-28 Chemical pollution has become a silent threat to the lives of many people in China. As a result of rapid industrial development, millions of people are drinking polluted water, eating polluted food and using everyday objects that contain hazardous chemicals. What are hazardous chemicals? Hazardous chemicals are substances that are dangerous to people, wildlife and the environment at any stage of their lifecycle, from production to use to disposal. Fracking bids to be fast-tracked - BBC News Shale gas planning applications are to be fast-tracked under new government measures to crack down on councils that delay on making a decision. Councils will be told they must rule on applications within the current 16-week statutory timeframe. If they repeatedly delay, ministers might take over the power to decide all future applications in that local area. Environmentalists say it makes a mockery of the government's promise to give power to local people. The government says it will take local views into account, but that developing shale gas is a national priority that must not be held up.

What is Chemical Pollution? - The World Counts TheWorldCounts, 14 December, 2014 The definition of chemical pollution: When chemicals are released into our environment and disrupts the balance of our ecosystems, threatening our health, polluting the air we breathe and contaminating our food. There are many sources of chemical pollution. Our technological advances have made us a species largely reliant on chemicals and these chemicals are toxic to life and our environment. Lebanon rubbish crisis: Thousands attend anti-government rally - BBC News Thousands of people have taken part in a rally in the Lebanese capital Beirut in protest at a government they say is corrupt and ineffective. Security was high amid fears the demonstrations could turn violent, as similar protests did last weekend. Organisers of Saturday's mostly peaceful rally demanded the environment minister resign within 72 hours.

What is fracking? › Ask an Expert (ABC Science) We hear a lot about fracking as a mining technique for extracting gas from coal seams and shale deposits. How is it done? And when is it used? takepart Newspapers, cans, bottles, batteries, and your old clothing—those are just some of the items that recycling helps keep out of the world’s landfills. Now, thanks to a gigantic anaerobic digester plant that’s set to be constructed on Long Island, New York, enormous amounts of food waste will be recycled, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and generating energy. On Tuesday, New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo announced that a 62-acre plant will be built in Yaphank, about 60 miles east of New York City. The facility will be able to keep 180,000 tons of waste out of area landfills, including 120,000 tons of food trash—discarded banana peels, eggshells, even a can of half-eaten tuna—as well as 30,000 tons of fat, oil, and grease from area restaurants. That dwarfs the 500 tons of waste that a small anaerobic digester plant in Brooklyn processes per year, according to Capital New York.

Victorian unconventional gas exploration ban to end fracking and CSG extraction Updated The Victorian Government is introducing legislation to permanently ban exploration and development of unconventional gas in the state, including coal seam gas and fracking. Key points: Legislation will permanently ban development, production of all unconventional gas in VictoriaMoratorium on conventional gas extraction to be extended until 2020Government says ban will protect Victoria's agriculture sector

Plastic Bags Are Hurting More Than The Environment Like ATTN: on facebook for more content like this. Plastic bags, they’re everywhere. About 100 billion are used in United States every year. New York City is responsible for 5.2 billion of that count; Tempe, Arizona contributes 50 million. Beyond reduce, reuse, recycle: The 9 'R's of a sustainable life When it comes to recycling, Australians have a great reputation. In the past few decades, recycling has gone mainstream, with a two or three bin system now available for most people at home, in their workplace, and out and about in public. According to Planet Ark, 85% of Australians now think that recycling at home is the right thing to do.

uncil blocks Little Plumpton fracking application - BBC News An application to start fracking at a site on the Fylde coast in Lancashire has been rejected by councillors. Energy firm Cuadrilla wanted to extract shale gas at the Little Plumpton site between Preston and Blackpool. Lancashire County Council rejected the bid on the grounds of "unacceptable noise impact" and the "adverse urbanising effect on the landscape". Cuadrilla said it was "surprised and disappointed" and would consider its "options" regarding an appeal.