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A day in the life of a convict

A day in the life of a convict
Some hapless individuals experienced the full horrors of convict transportation. It was no wonder that some, like Anderson, endured periods of mental instability. Navy seaman and thief Charles ‘Bony’ Anderson arrived in Sydney from Devonshire in 1834, aged 24. He was heavily tattooed, with designs of a mermaid, anchor, buoy, cottage, flag, heart, crucifix, sun, moon and seven stars, Adam and Eve, serpent and tree. In coming years he was frequently flogged, for mutinous conduct, striking fellow prisoners, assaulting an overseer and neglect of work. After one offence he was apparently cruelly chained to a rock on Goat Island, in public view and fed with a long pole. Other convicts might have described Anderson as: bug, lagger, cracksman, sevener, cockatoo, pebble, rump’d, darbie’d, slang’d, rock’d, shook.

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The Cook and the Curator Breakfast at the barracks While Sydney’s ‘toffs’ tucked into a leisurely breakfast – anything from freshly laid eggs to kedgeree, smoked ham or cured tongue, sometimes as late as 11am, the convicts at the Hyde Park Barracks would have had to settle for a dish of dreaded hominy, a porridge made from maize, or corn meal, doled out in the mess halls just before dawn (see recipe below). Already introduced to the harsh realities of convict life on Norfolk Island, John Knatchbull was aghast to find that conditions at the Hyde Park Barracks were far worse. Life at the time of Federation Curriculum areas: Australian history, geography Years: 6–10 Key curriculum links: Time, Continuity and Change; Place Space; Culture; Investigation, Communication and Participation This unit of work encourages students to investigate what life was like in Australia at the time of Federation by examining a 'time capsule' containing seven key objects used at the time of Federation.

State Library of New South Wales Over 252 days, the First Fleet brought over 1500 men, women and children half way around the world from England to New South Wales. Detail from Botany Bay; Sirius & Convoy going in ... 21 January 1788.from 'A Voyage to New South Wales' by William Bradley, December 1786 - May 1792, Safe 1/14 On 13 of May 1787, the fleet of 11 ships set sail from Portsmouth, England.  Australians Together The colonisation of Australia had a devastating impact on the Indigenous people who had lived on this land for over 60,000 years. Prior to British settlement, more than 500 Indigenous nations inhabited the Australian continent, approximately 750,000 people in total. (1). Their cultures had developed over 60,000 years, making Indigenous Australians the custodians of the world’s most ancient living culture. Each group lived in close relationship with the land and had custody over their own traditional country.

Convict slavery in Australia White Slaves, African Slave Traders, and the Hidden History of Slavery Convict slavery in Australia Approximately 162,000 convicts were sent to Australia, often for the most petty of crimes, were treated as slave labour, and received the harshest of treatment. Norfolk Island, in particular, dished out harsh and inhumane punishment.[74] Even the transportation to Australia constituted a major punishment in itself. Whilst conditions on the First Fleet have been described as fairly satisfactory, 267 convicts died during the voyage of the Second Fleet, and 199 in the Third Fleet.

2016 National NAIDOC Poster The 2016 National NAIDOC Poster is available for public use to help you celebrate NAIDOC Week. By using the Poster, you are agreeing to the terms and conditions set out below under the Creative Commons License. In addition, the Poster: must be used in its entirety, as supplied. Captain Cook Timeline - First Voyage 1768 - 1771 The artist Sydney Parkinson described three Maori who visited the Endeavour on 12th October 1769: “Most of them had their hair tied up on the crown of their heads in a knot…Their faces were tataowed, or marked either all over, or on one side, in a very curious manner, some of them in fine spiral directions…” This Maori wears an ornamental comb, feathers in a top-knot, long pendants from his ears and a heitiki, or good luck amulet, around his neck. At the northern end of the south island Cook anchored the ship in Ship Cove, Queen Charlotte Sound, which became a favourite stopping place on the following voyages. Parkinson noted: “The manner in which the natives of this bay (Queen Charlotte Sound) catch their fish is as follows: - They have a cylindrical net, extended by several hoops at the bottom, and contracted at the top; within the net they stick some pieces of fish, then let it down from the side of the canoe and the fish, going in to feed, are caught with great ease.”

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Life in the Factories - Convict Female Factories Parramatta Female Factories and Staff Some of the Parramatta staff included: Samuel Marsden, George Mealmaker, Francis Oakes , William Tuckwell, Elizabeth Falloon and Matron Anne Gordon. In Van Diemen’s Land it included Mary Hutchinson, daughter of Francis Oakes, Jesse Pullen and William and Elizabeth Cato. Marsden was the head of committees for the first and second Parramatta factories. He disliked the women but is to be acknowledged for his advocacy for better factory conditions through his association with Quaker, Elizabeth Fry. Copyright-friendly Resources Background Copyright-friendly refers to resources that may be used without permission under certain circumstances. It is always the user's reponsibility to determine the type of license for each item. The best known site for public domain materials is Creative Commons. A variety of levels of permissions maybe encountered, with restrictions such as non-commercial use, attribution required, or modifications prohibited. Handout Powerpoint Top 10 Questions Fair Use Creating Online Content Fair Use Checklist Friendly Resources Performance Rights Simple Guidelines Detailed Guidelines

European discovery of Australia Key points When European sailors began entering ‘Australian' waters in the early 1600s, they called it Terra Australis Incognita (unknown land of the South). Between 1606 and 1770 more than 50 European ships made landfall on Australian soil, which was then inhabited solely by Indigenous people. Navigator and astronomer Captain James Cook claimed the whole of the east coast of Australia for Great Britain on 22 August 1770, naming eastern Australia 'New South Wales'. School A to Z features links to third-party websites and resources. We are not responsible for the content of external sites. English Lesson Plans on American Presidents “I am certain that after the dust of centuries has passed over our cities, we, too, will be remembered not for victories or defeats in battle or in politics, but for our contribution to the human spirit.” ~ John F. Kennedy 43 Ready-Made Lesson Plans