The Gauls of Acy-Romance: Discovering the Remi Article created on Thursday, March 8, 2012 Visitors to the village of Acy-Romance north of the modern day French city of Rheims, will see no sign of the Gallic village that was once there. However, very unusually, this village has been fully excavated. A succession of digs over fifteen years, plot by plot, has revealed the full details of the little Gallic settlement that stood here some 2200 years ago, in the heart of the territory of the Remi tribe. Aerial reconstruction of village. Image © Ministère de la culture et de la communication You can now take a virtual tour of the village. Set on a plain above the Aisne valley, it was structured around a religious centre comprising a burial mound with an ancestral tomb, a large square and five buildings, the “temples”. Around this stood the residential quarters, with livestock farmers to the northeast, arable farmers to the east, artisans to the southeast and labourers (probably slaves) to the north. Village reconstruction. The virtual tour
Archéologie | Des fouilles ont mis au jour des vestiges gallo-romains « Des vestiges dans un rare état de conservation, en pleine campagne gauloise ! » : Matthieu Poux, professeur d’archéologie et de civilisation gallo-romaine, et Aldo Borleghi, maître de conférences en archéologie et histoire de l’art du monde romain, de l’université Lumière Lyon 2, codirigent depuis six semaines une équipe d’une cinquantaine d’étudiants qui mènent des fouilles archéologiques au lieu-dit Les Buissières, à environ 1,5 kilomètre au sud du village de Panossas. De riches thermes gallo-romains Hier, à quelques jours de la fin de la campagne de fouilles, ils recevaient élus et membres de l’association Garom de Lyon, partenaires du chantier, pour une visite commentée du site, composé de deux secteurs distants d’environ 200 mètres. Un peu plus loin, au beau milieu d’un champ de céréales, se trouve un autre édifice, de 18 mètres sur 52, exceptionnellement bien conservé : « Il s’agissait d’un lieu de stockage du grain, explique Aldo Borleghi.
Histoire de l'Europe - Atlas historique périodique Euratlas Periodis Web - atlas historique de l'Europe et table alphabétique, an 1 à 2000 Europe en l'an 2000 Europe en l'an 1900 Europe en l'an 1800 Europe en l'an 1700 Europe en l'an 1600 Europe en l'an 1500 Europe en l'an 1400 Europe en l'an 1300 Europe en l'an 1200 Europe en l'an 1100 Europe en l'an 1000 Europe en l'an 900 Europe en l'an 800 Europe en l'an 700 Europe en l'an 600 Europe en l'an 500 Europe en l'an 400 Europe en l'an 300 Europe en l'an 200 Europe en l'an 100 Europe en l'an 1 Cartes Periodis régionales détaillées Bassin égéen De l'Oder au Dniepr La péninsule apennine La péninsule ibérique Des Pyrénées au Rhin Du Rhin à l'Oder Du Rhin au Rhône Cartes séquentielle pour l'histoire de l'Europe et du Moyen-Orient ..souvent tel événement qui modifie essentiellement l'existence d'une nation ne réagit aucunement sur celle de beaucoup d'autres.
Sallust — The War With Catiline p3 Sallust The War With Catiline It behooves all men who wish to excel the other animals to strive with might and main not to pass through life unheralded, like the beasts, which Nature has fashioned grovelling and slaves to the belly. 2 All our power, on the contrary, lies in both mind and body; we employ the mind to rule, the body rather to serve; the one we have in common with the Gods, the other with the brutes. 3 Therefore I find it becoming, in seeking renown, that we should employ the resources of the intellect rather than those of brute strength, to the end that, since the span of life which we enjoy is short, we may make the memory of our lives as long as possible. 4 For the renown which riches or beauty confer is fleeting and frail; mental excellence is a splendid and lasting possession. p5 2 Accordingly in the beginning kings (for that was the first title of sovereignty among men), took different courses, some training their minds and others their bodies.
Fasces An unusual fasces image, with the axe on the outside of the bundle of rods. Origin and symbolism Although little is known about the Etruscans, a few artifacts have been found showing a thin bundle of rods surrounding a two-headed axe. Fasces-symbolism might derive—via the Etruscans—from the eastern Mediterranean, with the labrys, the Anatolian and Minoan double-headed axe, later incorporated into the praetorial fasces. By the time of the Roman Republic, the fasces had evolved into a thicker bundle of birch rods, sometimes surrounding a single-headed axe and tied together with a red leather ribbon into a cylinder. The symbolism of the fasces suggested strength through unity; a single rod is easily broken, while the bundle is very difficult to break. Republican Rome The fasces lictoriae ("bundles of the lictors") symbolised power and authority (imperium) in ancient Rome, beginning with the early Roman Kingdom and continuing through the Republican and Imperial periods.
Legion XXIV - Fasces Page An Icon representing the Strength and Power of Ancient Rome The FASCES was a cylindrical bundle of elm or birch rods bound together by red bands, from which an ax head projected; and which was borne by Lictors (attendants and body guards) before a Consul or high Magistrate, as a symbol of their authority. Stephen Phenow, Editor of the Strategikon, provides the following: "The Fasces was adopted from the Etruscans. It symbolized the power of life or death that a Roman Magistrate had over the Roman citizen; who could be scourged by the birch rods, representing physical punishment for transgressions; or be beheaded by the axe for serious crimes." The lowering of the Fasces was form of salute to a higher official. It was also an emblem of unity and power; being used as an icon on coins and "coats of arms" long after the times of Ancient Rome. The reconstruction shown here was assembled by the Commander in February 2002. TOP BOTTOM Lictors with Fasces from Osprey Military Series # 291
Fasces Fasces: set of rods bound in the form of a bundle which contained an axe. In ancient Rome, the bodyguards of a magistrate carried fasces. The word fasces means "bundle" and refers to the fact that it is a bundle of rods, which surrounded an ax in the middle. In ancient Rome, the lictors carried fasces before consul, praetors and dictators, i.e., magistrates that held imperium (which means that they had the right to command and interpret the flight of the birds). During the empire, the fasces of the emperor were distinguished from those of the magistrates by laurels. The fasces were a symbol of authority, but the precise meaning is unknown. The Romans believed that the fasces were introduced in Rome from Etruria.
Roman Numerals The Romans were active in trade and commerce, and from the time of learning to write they needed a way to indicate numbers. The system they developed lasted many centuries, and still sees some specialized use today. Roman numerals traditionally indicate the order of rulers or ships who share the same name (i.e.