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Greek Mythology - Ancient History

Greek Mythology - Ancient History
In Greek mythology, there is no single original text like the Christian Bible or the Hindu Vedas that introduces all of the myths’ characters and stories. Instead, the earliest Greek myths were part of an oral tradition that began in the Bronze Age, and their plots and themes unfolded gradually in the written literature of the archaic and classical periods. The poet Homer’s 8th-century BC epics the Iliad and the Odyssey, for example, tell the story of the (mythical) Trojan War as a divine conflict as well as a human one. Around 700 BC, the poet Hesiod’s Theogony offered the first written cosmogony, or origin story, of Greek mythology. Later Greek writers and artists used and elaborated upon these sources in their own work. Related:  Ancient Greece

Greek Gods and Goddesses • Facts and Information How did the Greek Gods affect the Greeks daily lives?: The Greeks to the Greek Gods This page is all about what the Greeks did other to worshipping the gods in temples and seprate places to worship the gods and how there views changed of the gods. Did the Greeks have any kind of festivals to worship the Greek Gods? They had annual religous festivals to worship the gods. The Greeks changes worshipping the Greek Gods in many different ways. Did people specifically worship one god more than the other? The Greeks would go to the appropriate god when they were going on a quest or attempting something to try and bring good luck by pleasing the god or goddess. Lesson 1: How did Greek mythology shape the lives of Greeks? Lesson Objectives: Students will be able to *describe how Greek lives were influenced by religion, the arts, and architecture Key Terms to Know Directions: Look up each term in your textbook (pages 154-156) and define each term in your social studies notebook. myth oracle Mt. Greek Mythology Ancient Greeks believed gods and goddesses controlled nature and guided their lives. oracle at the Temple of Apollo at Delphi The ancient Greeks also believed in fate and prophecy (predictions about the future). Watch the video below to learn about the mysteries of the oracle at the Temple of Apollo at Delphi. Oracle at Delphi Ask Yourself Why do you think the ancient Greeks believed in so many gods and goddesses? Activity Watch the story of Perseus and Medusa. Perseus and Medusa Why is Perseus sent out to kill Medusa? Homework Imagine you were alive in ancient times. Gods & Goddesses Click below for the next lesson Lesson 2: How did the arts influence the values of the ancient Greeks? It's All Greek To Me!

Ancient Greece for Kids In their effort to understand their environment and the forces of nature, the Ancient Greeks invented stories to account for the things that went on in their lives. These tales, known as myths, were spread around by travelers. They were about gods who controlled the elements of nature. The Labours of Hercules Year 5 have been finding out all about the Labours of Hercules. The Lost Hero Jason has a problem. He doesn't remember anything before waking up on a school bus holding hands with a girl. Apparently she's his girlfriend Piper, his best friend is a kid named Leo, and they're all students in the Wilderness School, a boarding school for "bad kids." What he did to end up here, Jason has no idea—except that everything seems very wrong. Piper has a secret. Leo has a way with tools.

Gods, Goddesses, and Heroes A family portrait of the 12 Olympians. But wait, who's that crouching by Zeus? The ancients Greeks were polytheistic — that is, they worshipped many gods. Their major gods and goddesses lived at the top of Mount Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece, and myths described their lives and actions. In myths, gods often actively intervened in the day-to-day lives of humans. Myths were used to help explain the unknown and sometimes teach a lesson. For example, Zeus, the king of the gods, carried his favorite weapon, the thunderbolt. Many stories about how the Greek gods behaved and interacted with humans are found in the works of Homer. Painting © M. The Statue of Zeus at Olympia (recreated above) was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. A Soap Opera from Hellas Courtesy NASA and Cislunar Aerospace, Inc. Many Greek myths explained the mysteries of nature. The Greeks created gods in the image of humans; that is, their gods had many human qualities even though they were gods.

Ancient Greece - history, mythology, art, culture and architectu Family tree of the Greek gods Key: The essential Olympians' names are given in bold font. See also List of Greek mythological figures Notes External links Media related to Family trees of Greek mythology at Wikimedia Commons The Acropolis of Athens The Acropolis is open from 8am to 6:30 pm every day. These hours can change depending on the season and sometimes it is open in the evening of the full moon in the summer. They don't allow you to bring backpacks or day bags on the Acropolis. You have to check them so if you need to bring a bag with you be sure to have a spare pocket for your valuables. The cost of entrance to the Acropolis is about 12 euros and is good for the other sites in the area including the ancient agora, theatre of Dionysos, Kerameikos, Roman Agora, Tower of the Winds and the Temple of Olympian Zeus and is supposedly good for a week. Walking to the Acropolis One way to get to the Acropolis is to walk up from the Plaka and keep climbing until you come to the small road that goes around it and head west (to your right). Coming from a Cruise Ship If you are coming from a cruise ship the best thing to do is take a taxi, either pre-arranged with George the Famous Taxi Driver, or with one of those waiting at the port.

Parthenon At the approximate position where the Parthenon was built later, the Athenians began the construction of a building that was burned by the Persians while it was still under construction in 480 BCE. It was presumably dedicated to Athena, and after its destruction much of its ruins were utilized in the building of the fortifications at the north end of the Acropolis. Not much is known about this temple, and whether or not it was still under construction when it was destroyed has been disputed. Its massive foundations were made of limestone, and the columns were made of Pentelic marble, a material that was utilized for the first time. The classicalParthenon was constructed between 447-432 BCE to be the focus of the Acropolis building complex. The architects were Iktinos and Kallikrates (Vitruvius also names Karpion as an architect) and it was dedicated to the goddess Athena Pallas or Parthenos (virgin). The Parthenon construction cost the Athenian treasury 469 silver talents.

3 Important Aspects About Daily Life in Ancient Greece Agriculture As with most agricultural societies, daily life in ancient Greece revolved in large part around the agricultural cycles of the seasons. The rocky Greek soil made farming fairly difficult; common products included grapes, olives and grain. Grape harvest generally took place in the early fall, and the fruit was split into stores for eating and for conversion into wine, which involved stepping on the grapes and fermenting the juice. Olives grew in trees, and harvesters either picked them by hand or used sticks to knock them down. Grain harvest generally arrived about a month after the grape harvest, and took place behind a plow pulled by oxen. As far as spices and sweeteners, the most common seasonings were sesame seeds and coriander, and honey was the most common table sweetener.

Ancient Greek calculating device continues to reveal secrets (PhysOrg.com) -- It's known as the Antikythera mechanism, a metal gear driven device found over a century ago on a sunken Roman ship, near the island of Antikythera, that for just as many years has had scientists analyzing, scratching their heads and offering suggestions as to its purpose. Some have called the device the first analog computer; others the first mechanical computing device. Either way, the device very clearly demonstrates that the Greeks of 150 to 100 BCE knew far more about gears and calculating machines than had been thought possible just a decade or so ago. Wright has even built (completed in 2006) what he believes to be an almost exact replica of the device. Error loading skin: Invalid XML Also, some of the early research showed that the device actually used special gears to account for the elliptical shape of the moon’s orbit to account for what appeared to be a speed up and slow down as the moon moved around the Earth. More information: via Wired

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