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What did the Knights Templar Do

What did the Knights Templar Do
The Knights Templar were created by the pope to escort and protect "tourists" going to the Holy Land, and to fight Muslims there. There were originally only a handful, but there were thousands by the time they were disbanded in the 1300's. They were the first bankers. A person could deposit money at one Templar institution, receive a voucher, and turn it in at any other Templar institution. Though charging interest was illiegal at the time, the Templars were permitted to get away with charging a "fee" for the transaction. Eventually they became so wealthy, and so many royals owed them so much money, that they became a target. Interestingly, at the time the Templars were disbanded, the Swiss people (right across the border from France, of course) were mainly farmers with little or no military training.

Shriners - BBS Files Hiram's Oasis Files Hiram's Oasis & Kena Computer Club. Just under 4,000 Masonic Files. The Worlds largest and oldest collection of Masonic files anywhere on the Internet! All files are stored on Google Drive. 4,000 Masonic files from the Hiram's Oasis BBS, 1987-1997. Newer files that have been added. I would like to extend a heart felt thanks to Kena Shriners computer club founder and president 1987-1995 Preston Burner for all his hard work over the 10+ years he spent collecting all these files, and giving them to me so I can make them available to you here on the Internet. As of March 2014 these files are now stored on Google Drive. Some file extensions are very old and you will not be able to open them without a special viewer. .wpg (word perfect graphic) .pcx (old image format) Others you should be able to view by renaming the file extension to .txt. Old file structure...

Renaissance The Renaissance (UK /rɨˈneɪsəns/, US /ˈrɛnɨsɑːns/, French pronunciation: ​[ʁənɛsɑ̃s], from French: Renaissance "re-birth", Italian: Rinascimento, from rinascere "to be reborn")[1] was a cultural movement that spanned the period roughly from the 14th to the 17th century, beginning in Italy in the Late Middle Ages and later spreading to the rest of Europe. Though availability of paper and the invention of metal movable type sped the dissemination of ideas from the later 15th century, the changes of the Renaissance were not uniformly experienced across Europe. In politics, the Renaissance contributed the development of the conventions of diplomacy, and in science an increased reliance on observation. Historians often argue this intellectual transformation was a bridge between the Middle Ages and Modern history. Overview[edit] The Renaissance was a cultural movement that profoundly affected European intellectual life in the early modern period. Origins[edit] Black Death/Plague[edit]

MASONIC CLIP ART - Huge Selection of FREE Freemason Graphics and Images Masonic Clip Art Masonic Images and Graphics Masonic clip art goes hand in hand with Masonic education. Masonic symbols and graphics are best learned by seeing them in frequent use. Use this Masonic clip art index to find Masonic web graphics from Masonic websites. Masonic Clip Art Websites Printable Masonic Clip Art High Resolution Masonic Clip Art (.tif - TIFF format) B&W: S&C, Tools, Typography, Symbols B & W Squares and Compasses (S & C) for both PC & Mac All B & W: S&C, Shrine, Tools, Other Other High Resolution Masonic Graphics images for newsletters, wallpapers and card making. Index of print quality images. This site has a very comprehensive selection of nearly 10,000 photos, clip art, appendant body logos and more. Thank you.

Age of Enlightenment The Age of Enlightenment (or simply the Enlightenment, or Age of Reason) is an era from the 1650s to the 1780s in which cultural and intellectual forces in Western Europe emphasized reason, analysis and individualism rather than traditional lines of authority. It was promoted by philosophes and local thinkers in urban coffeehouses, salons and masonic lodges. It challenged the authority of institutions that were deeply rooted in society, such as the Catholic Church; there was much talk of ways to reform society with toleration, science and skepticism. New ideas and beliefs spread around the continent and were fostered by an increase in literacy due to a departure from solely religious texts. Use of the term[edit] The term "Enlightenment" emerged in English in the later part of the 19th century,[2] with particular reference to French philosophy, as the equivalent of the French term 'Lumières' (used first by Dubos in 1733 and already well established by 1751). Time span[edit] Goals[edit]

Grand Lodge of Canada Crusades The Crusades were military campaigns sanctioned by the Latin Roman Catholic Church during the High Middle Ages through to the end of the Late Middle Ages. In 1095 Pope Urban II proclaimed the first crusade, with the stated goal of restoring Christian access to the holy places in and near Jerusalem. Many historians and some of those involved at the time, like Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, give equal precedence to other papal-sanctioned military campaigns undertaken for a variety of religious, economic, and political reasons, such as the Albigensian Crusade, the Aragonese Crusade, the Reconquista, and the Northern Crusades.[1] Following the first crusade there was an intermittent 200-year struggle for control of the Holy Land, with six more major crusades and numerous minor ones. The impact of the Crusades was profound and judgement of the conduct of Crusaders has varied widely from highly critical to laudatory. Terminology[edit] Crusade[edit] Numbering[edit] The Crusades[edit] Saracen[edit]

Freemasonry and the Philalethes Society, publisher of the Philalethes Magazine Dark Ages (historiography) The Dark Ages is a historical periodization used originally for the Middle Ages, which emphasizes the cultural and economic deterioration that supposedly occurred in Western Europe following the decline of the Roman Empire.[1][2] The label employs traditional light-versus-darkness imagery to contrast the "darkness" of the period with earlier and later periods of "light".[3] The period is characterized by a relative scarcity of historical and other written records at least for some areas of Europe, rendering it obscure to historians. The term "Dark Age" derives from the Latin saeculum obscurum, originally applied by Caesar Baronius in 1602 to a tumultuous period in the 10th and 11th centuries.[4] The term "Dark Ages" originally was intended to denote the entire period between the fall of Rome and the Renaissance; the term "Middle Ages" has a similar motivation, implying an intermediate period between Classical Antiquity and the Modern era.