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Which Traits Predict Success? (The Importance of Grit)

Which Traits Predict Success? (The Importance of Grit)
What are the causes of success? At first glance, the answer is easy: success is about talent. It’s about being able to do something – hit a baseball, play chess, trade stocks, write a blog – better than most anyone else. That’s a fine answer, but it immediately invites another question: What is talent? In recent years, however, the pendulum has shifted. That’s interesting, right? The ability to ask these questions, to peel away layers of explanation, is one of the reasons I’m drawn to the psychological sciences. The first thing Duckworth, et. al. discovered is that deliberate practice works. But that still begs the question: Why were some kids better at drilling themselves with note cards? There are two interesting takeaways from this study. The second takeaway involves the growing recognition of “non-cognitive” skills like grit and self-control. Related:  GRITsmarta sätt att förklara kunskap och annat påBoulot

The Expert on Experts The Future of Self-Improvement, Part I: Grit Is More Important Than Talent In the late ’60s, Stanford psychologist Walter Mischel performed a now-iconic experiment called the Marshmallow Test, which analyzed the ability of four year olds to exhibit “delayed gratification.” Here’s what happened: Each child was brought into the room and sat down at a table with a delicious treat on it (maybe a marshmallow, maybe a donut). The scientists told the children that they could have a treat now, or, if they waited 15 minutes, they could have two treats. All of the children wanted to wait. When the researchers subsequently checked in on these same children in high school, it turned out that those with more self-control — that is, those who held out for 15 minutes — were better behaved, less prone to addiction, and scored higher on the SAT. Instead of getting obsessed with the marshmallow — the “hot stimulus” — the patient children distracted themselves by covering their eyes, pretending to play hide-and-seek underneath the desk, or singing songs from “Sesame Street.”

How Violent Sex Helped Ease My PTSD - Media It was my research editor who told me it was completely nuts to willingly get fucked at gunpoint. That's what she called me when I told her the story. We were drunk and in a karaoke bar, so at the time I came up with only a wounded face and a whiny, "I'm not completely nuuuuts!" Upon further consideration, a more explanative response probably would have been something like: Well. You had to be there. "There" would be Haiti, where I'd just spent two weeks covering the one-year anniversary of the earthquake that shook the country into ugly chaos. There are a lot of guns in Haiti. Not anymore, anyway. I have coping mechanisms for this sort of thing. "It's okay to cry," said Meredith Broome, a brilliant Bay Area therapist who specializes in trauma, during one of our phone sessions that summer. "Everyone's going to think I'm not tough enough to do my job." "You don't know what Anderson Cooper does when he goes home at night." I kept working. I realize now that I was undone. "Dude," she said.

True Grit “The only thing that I see that is distinctly different about me is I’m not afraid to die on a treadmill. I will not be outworked, period. You might have more talent than me, you might be smarter than me, you might be sexier than me, you might be all of those things — you got it on me in nine categories. But if we get on the treadmill together, there’s two things: You’re getting off first, or I’m going to die. The metaphor of achievement as a race recalls Aesop’s fable of the tortoise and the hare. It may be obvious that effort and stamina are required to accomplish anything worthwhile in life. Measuring Individual Differences in Grit Recognition of the necessity of hard work and persistence is age-old and universal. Early 20th-century psychologists attempted to measure trait-level persistence using tasks of physical fortitude (e.g., arm extension tasks) and mental effort (e.g., unsolvable anagrams). Findings From Our Lab What mechanisms link grit to achievement? Getting Grittier

Are You a Rebel or a Leader? - Nilofer Merchant - The Conversation by Nilofer Merchant | 12:17 PM January 25, 2011 Everyone was being so agreeable. The CEO nodded, the VPs agreed, the Directors were polished in their reviews. We were in a meeting to review the roadmap for the company’s new product. I wanted to accept the consensus as a sign that the company had rounded the corner on its 3-year slog to be more relevant in their market. But just then, the CEO interrupted and asked the product managers in the back row of seats, “What are the weaknesses with this roadmap?” Some long seconds passed. And then this small voice, untraceable for a moment because it was so small, started to explain how this plan would put the company in 2nd place in almost every aspect of innovation or time to market. You might think that the room celebrated this passionate voice. But they didn’t. Perhaps you can think back to your own “rebel” situation in your organization. To rebel is to push against something. Most leaders we celebrate today didn’t start out perceived as such.

K. Anders Ericsson K. Anders Ericsson is a Swedish psychologist and Conradi Eminent Scholar and Professor of Psychology at Florida State University who is widely recognized as one of the world's leading theoretical and experimental researchers on expertise.[1] He is the co-editor of The Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance, a volume released in 2006 (Ericsson et al. 2006). Ericsson's research with Herbert A. Simon on verbal reports of thinking is summarized in a book Protocol Analysis: Verbal Reports as Data, which was revised in 1993. With Bill Chase he developed the Theory of Skilled Memory based on detailed analyses of acquired exceptional memory performance (Chase, W. Currently he studies the cognitive structure of expert performance in domains such as medicine, music, chess, and sports, investigating how expert performers acquire their superior performance through extended deliberate practice (e.g., high concentration practice beyond one's comfort zone). Publications[edit]

The Duckworth Lab Our Work Our lab focuses on two traits that predict achievement: grit and self-control. Grit is the tendency to sustain interest in and effort toward very long-term goals (Duckworth et al., 2007). Self-control is the voluntary regulation of behavioral, emotional, and attentional impulses in the presence of momentarily gratifying temptations or diversions (Duckworth & Seligman, 2005; Duckworth & Steinberg, 2015). On average, individuals who are gritty are more self-controlled, but the correlation between these two traits is not perfect: Some individuals are paragons of grit but not self-control, and some exceptionally well-regulated individuals are not especially gritty (Duckworth & Gross, 2014). [ Continue Reading Research Statement ] [ CV ] The Book Angela Duckworth's first book, Grit: The Power of Passion and Perseverance, will be released May 2016. Why do some people succeed and others fail? Pre-Order on Amazon

Psychologists discover oxytocin receptor gene's link to optimism, self-esteem UCLA life scientists have identified for the first time a particular gene's link to optimism, self-esteem and "mastery," the belief that one has control over one's own life -- three critical psychological resources for coping well with stress and depression. "I have been looking for this gene for a few years, and it is not the gene I expected," said Shelley E. Taylor, a distinguished professor of psychology at UCLA and senior author of the new research. "I knew there had to be a gene for these psychological resources." The research is currently available in the online edition of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) and will appear in a forthcoming print edition. The gene Taylor and her colleagues identified is the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR). At a particular location, the oxytocin receptor gene has two versions: an "A" (adenine) variant and a "G" (guanine) variant. The findings are "very strong, highly significant," Taylor said. Genes are not destiny

Grit = SISU = Uthållighet = Framgång - Filmen och övningen som eleverna gör i denna video är inte särskilt märkvärdigt. Det är många lärare i Sverige som jobbar med elevernas sociala utveckling. Om det är något som är nytt är det att forskningen tycks poängtera ”grit” eller ”sisus” betydelse för att lyckas i skolan och i livet. När jag (John) möter elever brukar jag säga till dem att skolan är ett uthållighetsprov mera än ett intelligensprov. I detta exempel får eleverna intervjua en äldre person som har lyckats nå mål trots hinder och svårigheter. Syftet är att få igång tankar och en diskussion om uthållighetens betydelse. Håller ni med om sisus betydelse för att lyckas i skolan och i livet? Berätta gärna om ett exempel på din egen uthållighet och engagemang som var grunden till en framgång. Ge exempel på aktiviteter för att träna eleverna i just ”sisu”.

Related:  psychology/societyAchieving GoalsLeadership