Remember that every clause is, in a sense, a miniature sentence. A simple sentences contains only a single clause, while a compound sentence, a complex sentence, or a compound-complex sentence contains at least two clauses. The Simple Sentence The most basic type of sentence is the simple sentence, which contains only one clause. Run! Usually, however, the sentence has a subject as well as a predicate and both the subject and the predicate may have modifiers. Melt! Ice melts. The ice melts quickly. The ice on the river melts quickly under the warm March sun. Lying exposed without its blanket of snow, the ice on the river melts quickly under the warm March sun. As you can see, a simple sentence can be quite long -- it is a mistake to think that you can tell a simple sentence from a compound sentence or a complex sentence simply by its length. When you do use simple sentences, you should add transitional phrases to connect them to the surrounding sentences. The Compound Sentence Simple Compound
English Grammar: a complete guideDo you have a question about the correct usage of the semicolon or how to place adverbs in a sentence? If so, you've come to the right place. Edufind.com is a complete English grammar guide filled with the rules of English usage. Each grammatical rule is explained in plain English with several examples, and when needed, counter-examples. The grammatical rules covered by this guide are categorized below. English grammar is not always easy to understand, but by using this guide you should be able to remind yourself of the rules of English usage and speak or write English with confidence. Nouns Nouns are people, places, or things, They tell us what we are talking about. Adjectives Adjectives modify, or describe, nouns. Adverbs Adverbs modify adjectives, verbs, or other adverbs. Determiners Articles, quantifiers, and other determiners modify nouns. Verbs & Verb Tenses Verbs are action words. Speech When we report what someone says, we can cite the person directly or indirectly. Punctuation
Independent and Dependent ClausesSummary: This handout defines dependent and independent clauses and explores how they are treated in standard usage. Contributors:Chris Berry, Allen BrizeeLast Edited: 2010-04-17 06:01:23 When you want to use commas and semicolons in sentences and when you are concerned about whether a sentence is or is not a fragment, a good way to start is to be able to recognize dependent and independent clauses. Independent Clause An independent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought. Jim studied in the Sweet Shop for his chemistry quiz. Dependent Clause A dependent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and verb but does not express a complete thought. When Jim studied in the Sweet Shop for his chemistry quiz . . . Dependent Marker Word A dependent marker word is a word added to the beginning of an independent clause that makes it into a dependent clause. When Jim studied in the Sweet Shop for his chemistry quiz, it was very noisy. 1. 2.