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History of film

History of film
This article is about the history of film as an artistic medium. For the history of motion-picture technology, see History of film technology. New film techniques that were introduced in this period include the use of artificial lighting, fire effects and Low-key lighting (i.e. lighting in which most of the frame is dark) for enhanced atmosphere during sinister scenes. As films grew longer, specialist writers were employed to simplify more complex stories derived from novels or plays into a form that could be contained on one reel. Genres began to be used as categories; the main division was into comedy and drama, but these categories were further subdivided. The years of the First World War were a complex transitional period for the film industry. D. The desire for wartime propaganda created a renaissance in the film industry in Britain, with realistic war dramas. During the 1980s, audiences began increasingly watching films on their home VCRs. Early period[edit] Birth of movies[edit] Related:  Film/Videodylanr22

The guide to British Cinema and Movie History Backgound> <meta name="description" content="British Cinema History and Background - The definitive guide to British Movies | Films | Cinema | Actors | Actresses | Music | Clips"> <meta name="keywords" content But there was several embers of hope the careers of Ronald Coleman, Victor McLaglen, Leslie Howard and Charles Laughton were starting and although Howard was to be a casualty of WWII these actors along with Balcon and Wilcox were determined that British pictures should survive. Even the son of the Prime Ministers Anthony Asquith joined in to keep the industry alive. But in 1927 Parliament brought in an important piece of legislation the Cinematographers Trade Bill, designed to ensure there was a guaranteed home market for British made films. All was not lost and in the 30’s the British Cinema Industry would start to rise from its knees. John Maxwell's British International Studios trained many of this period's notable directors, writers and cameramen. In 1933 J. All the major film producers started to take over studios. During the 1930's two other valuable assets came along; the British Film Institute and the National Film Archives.

A Short List of Film Terms • Department of English • By David T. Johnson Part of being a good film student is knowing the language of film. narrative - An adjective describing a film as being primarily a work of fiction, or a noun that loosely means a fictional story. documentary - Also an adjective or noun category used to describe a work of nonfiction. plot - refers to all aspects of the narrative that we see on screen. story - refers to all aspects of the narrative that we do not see on screen; these aspects may include events before, during, or even after the plot of the film. diegesis - refers to the narrative that we see on screen. point of view - Most people assume film always has a third-person perspective, but even when it does not use a POV shot (see below), film often has a more subjective perspective through the use of camera placement, voiceover, and other cinema techniques. setting - like the literary term, this word refers to the time and place of the film. prop - another term borrowed from theater.

História do cinema Origem: Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre. Estabelecer marcos históricos é sempre perigoso e arbitrário, particularmente, no campo das artes. Inúmeros fatores concorrem para o estabelecimento de determinada técnica, seu emprego, práticas associadas e impacto numa ordem cultural. Aqui serão apresentados alguns, no intuito de melhor conhecer esta complexa manifestação estética a qual muitos chamam de a 7ª Arte. De fato, a data de 28 de Dezembro de 1895, é especial no que refere ao cinema, e sua história. Neste dia, no Salão Grand Café, em Paris, os Irmãos Lumière fizeram uma apresentação pública dos produtos de seu invento ao qual chamaram Cinematógrafo. Hoje em dia, o cinema baseia-se em projeções públicas de imagens animadas. Em 1876, Eadweard Muybridge fez uma experiência: primeiro colocou 12 e depois 24 câmeras fotográficas ao longo de um hipódromo e tirou várias fotos da passagem de um cavalo. Programa da primeira exibição Experiência de Eadweard Muybridge Animação Edwin S.

Film A vintage Fox movietone motion picture camera A film, also called a movie or motion picture, is a series of still images which, when shown on a screen, creates the illusion of moving images due to the phi phenomenon. This optical illusion causes the audience to perceive continuous motion between separate objects viewed rapidly in succession. A film is created by photographing actual scenes with a motion picture camera; by photographing drawings or miniature models using traditional animation techniques; by means of CGI and computer animation; or by a combination of some or all of these techniques and other visual effects. The process of filmmaking is both an art and an industry. The individual images that make up a film are called frames. The name "film" originates from the fact that photographic film (also called film stock) has historically been the medium for recording and displaying motion pictures. History Film theory Language Film is considered to have its own language. Montage Crew

Introduction - The World of 1898: The Spanish-American War (Hispanic Division, Library of Congress) On April 25, 1898 the United States declared war on Spain following the sinking of the Battleship Maine in Havana harbor on February 15, 1898. The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1898. As a result Spain lost its control over the remains of its overseas empire -- Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines Islands, Guam, and other islands. Background Beginning in 1492, Spain was the first European nation to sail westward across the Atlantic Ocean, explore, and colonize the Amerindian nations of the Western Hemisphere. Cuba Following the liberation from Spain of mainland Latin America, Cuba was the first to initiate its own struggle for independence. The Philippines Islands The Philippines too was beginning to grow restive with Spanish rule. Puerto Rico United States U.S. interest in purchasing Cuba had begun long before 1898. The War U.S. troops attacked the San Juan heights on July 1, 1898. Back to top

Cinema of the United Kingdom The identity of the British industry, and its relationship with Hollywood, has been the subject of debate. The history of film production in Britain has often been affected by attempts to compete with the American industry. The career of the producer Alexander Korda was marked by this objective, the Rank Organisation attempted to do so in the 1940s, and Goldcrest in the 1980s. Numerous British-born directors, including Alfred Hitchcock and Ridley Scott,[14] and performers, such as Charlie Chaplin[15] and Cary Grant, have achieved success primarily through their work in the United States. In 2009 British films grossed around $2 billion worldwide and achieved a market share of around 7% globally and 17% in the United Kingdom.[16] UK box-office takings totalled £1.1 billion in 2012,[17] with 172.5 million admissions.[18] History[edit] Origins and silent films[edit] The first people to build and run a working 35 mm camera in Britain were Robert W. The early sound period[edit] The 1960s[edit]

Movie Scenes Before and After Special Effects História do Cinema Foi no final do século XIX, em 1895, na França, os irmãos Louis e Auguste Lumière inventaram o cinema. Na primeira metade deste século a fotografia já havia sido inventada por Louis-Jacques Daguerre e Joseph Nicéphore Niepce, possibilitando esta criação revolucionária no mundo das artes e da indústria cultural: o cinema. Para se chegar à projeção cinematográfica atual, muitos processos de investigação foram feitos em relação aos fundamentos da ciência óptica. Já vem dos primórdios da humanidade a necessidade de registrar movimentos através de pinturas e desenhos nas paredes. No século XIX, muitos aparelhos que buscavam estudar o fenômeno da persistência retiniana foram construídos, este fenômeno é o que mantém a imagem em fração de segundos na retina. Criado pelo francês Charles Émile Reynaud o Praxinoscópio foi um invento importante para o surgimento do cinema. O americano Edwin S. A indústria cinematográfica atual é um mercado exigente e promissor para diferentes áreas do saber.

Film History Before 1920 Innovations Necessary for the Advent of Cinema: Optical toys, shadow shows, 'magic lanterns,' and visual tricks have existed for thousands of years. Many inventors, scientists, manufacturers and scientists have observed the visual phenomenon that a series of individual still pictures set into motion created the illusion of movement - a concept termed persistence of vision. This illusion of motion was first described by British physician Peter Mark Roget in 1824, and was a first step in the development of the cinema. A number of technologies, simple optical toys and mechanical inventions related to motion and vision were developed in the early to late 19th century that were precursors to the birth of the motion picture industry: [A very early version of a "magic lantern" was invented in the 17th century by Athanasius Kircher in Rome. Late 19th Century Inventions and Experiments: Muybridge, Marey, Le Prince and Eastman The Birth of US Cinema: Thomas Edison and William K.L. Young Griffo v.

Infrastructure Policy: Lessons from American History - The New Atlantis Adam J. White For the last several years, dating back to the Iraq War’s low point, it has been the vogue to speak of “nation-building at home.” It is intended as a pun: usually when we talk about “nation-building” we mean the work of establishing in other countries the institutions and values necessary for political stability. Those who speak of “nation-building at home” imply that the cost of overseas interventions has left the United States in a condition of disrepair. The question of infrastructure (or “internal improvements,” or “public works”) has bedeviled the nation since its founding. In this, as in all things, history rhymes: where Franklin Roosevelt promised in a fireside chat that Americans would “see the dirt fly,” Barack Obama, prior to his inauguration, promised Americans “shovel-ready projects all across the country.” One recent pair of events illustrates perfectly the nation’s Janus-faced view of infrastructure. There is no reason why we can’t do this. Laying Foundations

It talks about when film started by dylanr22 Mar 12

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